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Contents on the CD Rom

  • Fluvalinate (trade names include Apistan, Klartan, Minadox) is a synthetic pyrethroid commonly used to control varroa mites in honey bee colonies.
  • Fluvalinate (sold as Apistan) is considered a low risk pesticide by the Environmental Protection Agency.
  • Fluvalinate is slightly toxic to birds. The acute oral LD50 for fluvalinate in bobwhite quail is greater than 2510 mg/kg
  • Fluvalinate is of low persistence, with reported soil half-lives of 6 to 8 days. In sandy loam, sandy clay and clay soils, fluvalinate degrades under aerobic conditions with half-lives of 4 to 8 days. Under anaerobic conditions in sandy loam, its half-life may be 15 days.
  • The original formulation of fluvalinate (racemic or having multiple forms) had an established lethal dose that killed 50% of the tested population (LD50) at 65.85 μg/bee for honey bees, which is considered relatively non-toxic.
  • Reports from Italy are that fluvalinate-resistant mites build up only about half as fast as nonresistant mites.
  • In the early 1990s racemic fluvalinate was replaced with tau-fluvalinate (having a single form) resulting in a 2-fold increase in toxicity of this material to honey bees.

General Information
  • Fluvalinate Basic Information
  • Fluvalinate General Info
  • Fluvalinate Profile
  • Fluvalinate Information
Company Profile
  • Company from China
  • Company from New Delhi
  • Company from China
  • Company from London
  • Company from China
  • Fluvalinate
  • List of MSDS for Tau-Fluvalinate
  • Tau-Flavalinate - Yates
  • Determination of fluvalinate in a single clean-up step followed by GC/MS
  • Spectrophotometric Determination of
  • Control of Varroa Mite in New Zealand
  • Implications for Honey Bee Health
  • Production And use of Fluvalinate
  • Fluvalinate to Control Varroa Destructor
  • Implications for Honey Bee Health
  • Apistan
  • Tau-Fluvalinate - Mavrik
  • Tau-Fluvalinate - Amending label
  • Fluvalinate Toxicity Information
  • Fluvalinate Extoxnet
  • Fluvalinate Risk Information
  • Developmental toxicity - Fluvalinate
  • Extoxnet Toxicity Of Fluvalinate
  • Apistan & Human Health
  • Fluvalinate Toxicity
  • Pesticides and honey bee toxicity USA
  • Effects of Fluvalinate on Honey Bees
  • Effect of a fluvalinate-resistance-associated sodium channel mutation
    from varroa mites.
  • The Effects of Miticides on Honey Bee
  • Recommended and extended Apistan treatments
  • Effects of three Acaricide Treatment
  • Pesticidal formulation
Report & Market
  • Control of Varroa jacobsoni Oud. resistant to fluvalinate
  • Proportion of mites resistant to fluvalinate
  • Cell death localization with pesticide
  • Fluvalinate-resistant Varroa jacobsoni
  • Pesticides in the CCD affected hive
  • Fluvalinate - Available Synthetic Miticides
  • Pesticide and Behavior
  • Home Landscape and Nursery Insecticides
  • Fluvalinate Tolerance Revocation
  • Federal Registration - Fluvalinate
  • Fluvalinate Suppliers list
  • Suppliers for Fluvalinate
  • Fluvalinate Suppliers

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