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  • The allethrins are a pair of related synthetic compounds used in insecticides. They are synthetic pyrethroids, a synthetic form of a chemical found naturally in the chrysanthemum flower.The compounds have low toxicity for humans and birds, and are used in many household insecticides such as RAID as well as mosquito coils. They act by paralyzing the insect before it kills. They are also used as an ultra low volume (ULV) spray for outdoor mosquito control.
  • Allethrin is used mainly for the control of flies and mosquitoes in the home, flying and crawling insects on farm animals, and fleas and ticks on dogs and cats. It is formulated as aerosols (1 - 6 g/litre), sprays, dusts (1%), smoke coils, and mats. It is used alone or combined with synergists (e.g., 
    piperonyl butoxide and N- octylbicycloheptene dicarboximide) or other insecticides (e.g., fenitrothion). It is also available in the form of emulsifiable concentrates  and wettable powders.
  • Bioallethrin is more than twice as effective as allethrin and is mainly used to control household insects. It is formulated as aerosols and sprays with synergists and/or other insecticides (e.g., d-phenothrin or deltamethrin). A few tonnes of bioallethrin have been used in Spain for this purpose, according to Battelle. Since 1982, this aerosol formulation has been used in many other countries. The use of mosquito coils and electric mats has also increased considerably. 
  • D-Allethrin is slightly volatile at room temperature (vapour pressure 0.165 mPa at 25C) with a boiling point of 281.5C. It has low water solubility (5 mg/l at 25C) and the octanol-water partition coefficient (log POW = 4.95 at 25C) makes d-allethrin a fat-soluble compound.d-Allethrin is of low toxicity to birds. Toxicity testing showed that S-bioallethrin is toxic to fish and allethrin is toxic to honey-bees. Toxicology studies on d-allethrin generally showed low mammalian toxicity.
  • It is estimated that several hundred tonnes of allethrin, d-allethrin, bioallethrin, esbiothrin, and S-Bioallethrin are manufactured and used yearly throughout the world, mainly for the control of household insects. Formulations include concentrates, aerosol sprays, smoke coils, electric mats, and emulsifiable with or without synergists or other insecticides. 
  • With over 255 species of mosquitoes-believed to be responsible for spreading diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. India has a large and growing market for mosquito repellants. Many methods are used in households for dealing with thw mosquito menace. Coils were the first mosquito repellants to be introduced in the Indian market. 
  • In 1998, studies conducted by the Malaria Research Center found that none of the leading brands provided 100% protection against mosquitoes. In spite of the pervasiveness of the mosquito problem, the use of repellants in India is fairly low. it is estimated that only 16.4% of the households in all urban areas and 22.6% in the metros use mosquito repellants. 
General 
  • Allethrin Information
  • Allethrin Risk Value Information
  • Allethrin Data Sheet
  • Standard D- Allethrin
  • Allethrin Monograph
  • Synthetic Pyrethroids

Production and Properties

  • Allethrin Industrial Production
  • Pyrethroids, pyrethrins, and piperonyl butoxide in sediments by high-resolution gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry 
  • Pyrethrium Production
  • Absorption and Metabolism of Allethrin by the Adult Housefly 

Company Profiles

  • Agropharm Ltd
  • Globe Insecticides  Limited
  • KAPI Limited
  • MOSFLY International
  • Psyche
  • Zebith
  • Vallabh Pesticides
  • Vijay International

Consultants

  • Giorgio F. Castellani
  • David M. Soderlund
  • Lynne Ann Oland
  • Arie Markus
  • Michael Dean Hammig
  • Scott Michael Bartell
  • Paul M. Stewart, Ph.D.

Material Safety Data Sheet

  • Bio Allethrin
  • D-Allethrin
  • D-Allethrin Sales Specification Data Sheet
  • Sciencelab Allethrin Data Sheet
  • Allethrin Pesticides Database
  • Allethrin Chemical Profile

Patent 

  • Seed treatment with combinations of pyrethrins/pyrethroids and thiamethoxam 
  • Microcapsule insecticide composition 
  • Insect repellent candle form 
  • Pesticidal cyclopropane carboxylic acid esters, their compositions and use 
  • Method for killing insects with electro-mechanical ultrasonic nebulizer 
  • Stable medicated animal care formulation 
  • Pesticide 
  • Controlled-release pesticides and methods for preparation and use thereof
  • Preparation of pesticide microcapsule

Project and Plant

  • Ghana-AEF-Antelope Company Ltd Project
  • Develop New and Improved Pesticides/technologies for Protection of Deployed War Fighters from Arthropods That Vector Disease
  • Pyrathyroid Insecticides
  • Methods Development for the Analysis of Pyrethroid Pesticides in Environmental Samples 
  • Sumitomo Chemical Plant

Applications

  • Dengue Control
  • Pesticide Use Patterns
  • Pests of the Flower Garden
  • Pyrethroids and water Quality
  • Dogs and Pesticide Use

Market 

  • Production, Import/ Export, Use and Disposal
  • Mosquito Repellent Coils and Mats
  • Biocide Market
  • China Pesticide Market Report
  • Insecticide Market Trends and Potential Water Quality Implications
  • All Out - Marketing a Mosquito Repellant

Report

  • Bioallethrin WHO Report
  • Kill Zone: House and Garden Insect Killer
  • Mosquito Coil (Allethrin) Poisoining in Two Brothers
  • D- Allethrin WHO Report
  • Insecticide and miticide mode-of-action classification
  • Pesticides Toxicology
  • Use Mosquito Coils and Mats with Caution 
  • Repellents that kill slowly
  • FAO Specifications for Plant Protection Products

Suppliers and Buyers

  • Shogun Organics Ltd.
  • Allethrin Manufacturers
  • Allethrin China Suppliers
  • Chinese Suppliers for Allethrin
  • Allethrin Suppliers Directory
  • Foreign Exporters & Manufacturers
  • Allethrin Exporters
  • Manufacturers of Allethrin
  • Selling Leads of Allethrin
  • Allethrin Sellers List
  • Allethrin Suppliers
  • Directory of Indian Allethrin Suppliers
  • Exporters of Allethrin
  • Ruchi Overseas
  • Venus Impex
  • Traders of Allethrin
  • Allethrin Importers
  • Allethrin Buyers List

Hazards and  Toxicity

  • Hazards of Manufacturing and Transporting Pesticides 
  • Potential for Human Exposure
  • Toxicological Profile for Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids
  • Acute toxicity of allethrin for non-target aquatic organisms
  • Toxicological Effects
  • Evaluation of the Toxicity of Pesticide Residues in Food

Safety and Guides

  • Safety of Pyrethroids For Public Health Use
  • Pyrethroid Insecticides Fact Sheet
  • Thermacell Allethrin Fact Sheet
  • Chemical Safety Training Modules

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