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  • ASTAXANTHIN, a member of the carotenoid family, is a dark-red pigment which is the main carotenoid found in the marine world of algae and aquatic animals.
  • ASTAXANTHIN is present in many types of seafood, including salmon, trout, red sea bream, shrimp and lobster, as well as in birds such as flamingo and quail. This pigment is commercially produced from the microalga Haematococcus pluvialis, the richest known natural source for ASTAXANTHIN.
  • The chemical difference between natural and synthetic ASTAXANTHIN lies in the stereochemical orientation of the molecules in space (those different molecules are called “enantiomers”).
  • A demand for natural ASTAXANTHIN is now emerging in the fast-growing, multi-billion dollar nutraceutical market; in particular, increasing evidence suggests that ASTAXANTHIN was shown to be a much more powerful antioxidant than vitamins C and E, or than other carotenoids such as beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein and zeaxanthin, among others.
    The levels of astaxanthin deposited in Haematococcus pluvialis can exceed by a factor of 1,000 to 10,000 the amount of astaxanthin found in the flesh of various species of salmon.
  • Haematococcus pluvialis is believed to accumulate the highest levels of ASTAXANTHIN in nature. Commercially grown Haematococcus pluvialis can accumulate more than 40 g of ASTAXANTHIN per kilo of dry biomass.
  • Today, essentially all commercial ASTAXANTHIN for aquaculture is produced synthetically from petrochemical sources, with an annual turnover of over $200 million, and a selling price of ~$2000 per kilo of pure ASTAXANTHIN.
    Other developing applications for synthetic ASTAXANTHIN include poultry and egg production.
  • ASTAXANTHIN producers have conducted several studies in recent years to demonstrate the safety of natural ASTAXANTHIN derived from Haematococcus.
  • The Hawaiian companies Cyanotech Corporation and Mera Pharmaceuticals cultivate the algae using an open pond system for the "Red Stage." The Japanese company Fuji Chemicals operates an indoor facility in Sweden and its "dome-shaped" bioreactors in Hawaii.
  • Frost & Sullivan estimates that astaxanthin is now one of the fastest growing carotenoids in Europe.
  • An expanding carotenoids market is witnessing a face-off between synthetic and natural carotenoids as customers become increasingly conscious about food content. With Europeans' diet beginning to include greater amounts of fortified foods, the natural segment has begun to gain on the synthetic one. While cheaper synthetic imports from China and India are threatening the profits of European manufacturers, natural carotenoids are likely to generate greater revenues as they are nearly four times more expensive than their synthetic equivalents. Increasing promotion of natural carotenoids and their growing demand in the developing dietary supplements market are driving the natural segment further.


  • Astaxanthin
  • Astaxanthin responsibility
  • Astaxanthin - a superb natural antioxidant
  • Astaxanthin for Antioxidant Health  
  • Astaxanthin's Mechanism of Action
  • Astaxanthin Biomedical properties
  • Overview
  • Algatech FAQ
  • FAQ


  • Effects of dietary Astaxanthin
  • Effect of Feeding Methods on the Astaxanthin
  • Effect of Antioxidants on Stability of Astaxanthin Pigment
  • Effects of Synthetic Astaxanthin
  • Astaxanthin safety
  • Depletion of Tocopherol and Astaxanthin
  • Effects of Astaxanthin on Lipopolysaccharide
  • Natural Astaxanthin as a Carotenoid and Vitamin
  • Pigments in Salmon Aquaculture
  • Improving skin colour in farmer snapper
  • Astaxanthin and Health and Wellness in Animals
  • The role of astaxanthin
    in shrimp pigmentation
  • Salmonid Pigmentation guide


  • Products from body kind
  • Bioprawns
  • DSM products
  • Antarctic krill oil
  • Encapsulations
  • Astaxanthin products
  • Astareal
  • Natural Astaxanthin Extract
  • Milking of Microalgae
  • Accumulation of astaxanthin in flagellated cells
  • Astaxanthin extract from Haematococcus pluvialis
  • Aquatic food product technology
  • Extraction of Astaxanthin
  • High level production of Astaxanthin
  • Astaxanthin from Phaffia rhodozyma
  • Manufacturing process
  • Production Standards
  • Extraction and its partial characterization of pigments from shrimp shell
  • Optimization of biomass, total carotenoids and
    astaxanthin production
  • Yamaha Motor Expands Its Biotechnology Business


  • Haematococcus pluvialis
  • Krill
  • Acetone
  • Raw materials
  • Pandalus borealis
  • Antarctic Krill
  • Northern Shrimp
  • Phaffia rhodozyma


  • Mortar & Pestle Sets suppliers
  • Analytical balance suppliers
  • HPLC Analysis
  • Centrifuge tubes suppliers
  • Coffee grinder suppliers
  • Desiccators suppliers
  • Drying oven suppliers
  • Drying pan suppliers
  • Mortar and pestle suppliers
  • Vortexer suppliers
  • Fisheries Consulting
  • Linuhonnon Engineering
  • Consultants
  • Feed technology update
  • A novel method for pigment production from seafood industry waste
  • Development of microalgal pigments for aquaculture


  • Israel grows red algae in the desert to fight disease
  • AstaFacto Technical Report
  • A Natural Colorant for the Aquaculture Industry
  • Investment
  • Department of health and human sciences
  • Astaxanthin during ontogenetic
  • Cyanotech counts on China for astaxanthin expansion
  • Astaxanthin market set to expand in Europe
  • Astaxanthin - Market Status & Opportunities
  • Opinion of the Scientific Committee
  • Pioneering Astaxanthin
  • Roche - Corporate Media News
  • Development of microalgal pigments for aquaculture


  • Fuji astaxanthin Patents
  • United States patent
  • US Patent and Trademark office


  • Yamaha
  • Buyers guide
  • Haorui
  • Producers of Natural Astaxanthin
  • Selling Leads
  • Worldwide Astaxanthin suppliers

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