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Information @ a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • Caraway or Persian cumin (Carum carvi) is a biennial plant in the family Apiaceae, native to Europe and western Asia. The plant is similar in appearance to a carrot plant, with finely divided, feathery leaves with thread-like divisions, growing on 2030 cm stems. The main flower stem is 4060 cm tall, with small white or pink flowers in umbels. Caraway fruits, (erroneously called seeds) are crescent-shaped achenes, around 2 mm long, with five pale ridges.
  • Caraway had been used since the ancient times to calm the digestive tract and expel gas. Caraway seeds have been found in prehistoric food remains from 3500 B.C. The ancient Greek physician Dioscorides mentioned the seeds to aid digestion, and herbals down through the ages have recommended them for indigestion, gas, and infant colic.
  • Caraway grows best in well-tilled, moderately light clay soil that is rich in humus. Tolerated pH range is 4.8 to 7.8. Caraway needs full sunlight and requires additional watering during dry spells.
  • Caraway fruits may contain 3% to 7% essential oil. The aroma of the oil is mostly dominated by carvone (50 to 85%) and limonene (20 to 30%); the other components carveol, dihydrocarveol, a- and -pinene, sabinene and perillyl alcohol are of much minor importance. Caraway is of some importance in the cuisines of North Africa, mostly in Tunisia.
  • Caraway seeds can hold their flavour for months stored in airtight containers and kept away from light. It is suggested to add seeds after a dish is cooked, as a long simmer may turn the flavour bitter. It has a sweet warm aroma with a flavour similar to aniseed and fennel. It figures prominently in the cuisines of Germany, Austria, eastern Europe and Scandinavia. It seems to have a special affinity for apples, pork and sausages.
  • The primary medical benefit of caraway is its effect on digestion. It is a carminative which means it helps with gas and digestion. It is helpful to chew caraway seeds after a heavy meal. It has been used for colic as it is a light sedative and it can be used to settle a queasy stomach (antispasmodic).
  • Afghan black cumin grows in the wild in various parts of Afghanistan, in Badakhshan in particular. It is often referred to as caraway52. About 1,600 MT were exported in 2003, to Pakistan and India mostly, accounting for about US $ 7 Mn.Afghanistan is a major player in the global cumin and caraway trade: Afghan products accounted for about 15% of the world exchanges of cumin and caraway in 2003.
  • Indian cumin is exported in its natural as well as powdered forms, besides as essential oils. exports are mostly to USA, Singapore, Japan, UK, and middle east countries. The world demand for cumin is in the range of 12,000-15,000 tonnes. Singapore, USA, UK. Netherlands etc. are the important markets for cumin. India's export of cumin is mainly to countries like UK, Singapore, Saudi Arabia and Japan.
  • The interest in caraway and other herb-like crops has been increasing as well. The cultivation area of caraway was the highest ever in the year 2003, consisting of about 7,000 hectares. These crops are used mainly for food production but there are many research projects surveying also the non-food applications.
 General Information
  • Caraway-Herb information
  • Overview of Caraway
  • Wild Caraway
  • Water-soluble constituents of Caraway
  • General information about Caraway
  • Foreign names of Caraway
  • Caraway spice description

Production and Cultivation

  • Production of herbs and spices
  • Growing: Caraway
  • Caraway Planting
  • Caraway production
  • Production and management of Biennial caraway
  • Caraway production in Saskatchewan
  • Production details of Caraway
  • Caraway cultivation
  • Wild Caraway production
  • Crop management and anthracnose development in caraway

Extraction and Technology

  • Extraction of Carvone from Caraway
  • Effect of essential oils of Caraway on greenhouse whitefly
  • Evaluation of the blood-glucose reducing effects of aqueous extracts of the selected umbelliferous fruits
  • Hormonal control of somatic embryo development from
    cultured cells of Caraway
  • Determination of essential oil content in caraway species by means of supercritical fluid extraction
  • Pharmaceutical prerequisites for a multi-target therapy
  • Pharmaceutical prerequisites for a multi-target therapy


  • Properties of herbal spices
  • Medicinal properties of herbal plants
  • Physical properties of spices
  • Therapeutic properties of the essential oils
  • Ex-situ stability of morphobiochemical properties of common caraway


  • Brin Herb Nursery
  • Frontier Natural Products Co-op
  • Nature Hills Nursery
  • Scott's Nursery Ltd.
  • The Fragrant Gardens
  • Nichols Garden Nursery
  • Victoriana Nursery Gardens

Consultants, Products and Diseases

  • Forecologia- organic farming consultor
  • Digest + Cleanse
  • Superior caraway aroma
  • Caraway seed capsules
  • List of caraway products
  • Blight disease of coriander and caraway in Saskatchewan
  • Yellow diseases of Echinacea, Monarda and Caraway

Material Safety Data Sheet

  • Caraway oil
  • Carum carvi essential oil
  • Oil caraway seed
  • Science lab- Caraway oil
  • Spectrum chemical mfg. corp.-Caraway oil
  • Caraway seed oil
  • Caraway factsheet
  • Caraway product information
  • Overview of uses of Caraway
  • Applications of caraway
  • General uses of Caraway
  • Common uses of Caraway
  • Medicinal benefits of Caraway seeds


  • Natural laxative
  • Method and product for promoting hair growth and treating skin conditions
  • Process for masking a cooked flavor in heated milk
  • Method for killing house dust mites in clothing and other soft materials
  • Polymeric packaging film comprising aromatic vegetable oil
  • Method and product for treating skin afflictions
  • Swine feed containing vitamin E and spice
  • Vegetable food pattie composition and process


  • Caraway oil market
  • Livelihoods in transition
  • Canadian spice crop on the up
  • Global market of Caraway
  • Market Opportunities and Strategic Directions for Specialty Herbs and Essential Oil Crops
  • Canada's Caraway Seed market
  • Market details of Jeera


  • Cold press technology for the production of extra virgin unrefined vegetable oils
  • Experiment on essential oils
  • Policy Influences on Technology for Agriculture
  • Pollination of Caraway using honey bees
  • Small scale study of yield and quality of oils from six herb species


  • Caraway seed production report
  • Caraway annual yield report
  • BASAN report
  • IENICA report
  • Current market report of caraway
  • Vigyan Prasar report

Manufacturers and Suppliers

  • Green Earth Products
  • Directory of caraway suppliers
  • Exporters of Caraway
  • Foreign exporters and manufacturers of caraway
  • Indian exporters and manufacturers of caraway
  • Trade leads of Caraway
  • Manufacturers of caraway
  • Suppliers of Caraway
  • Global suppliers of Caraway
  • Trade offers of Caraway
  • Sell trade leads of Caraway
  • Traders of Caraway


  • Buyers of Caraway
  • Foreign importers and buyers of Caraway
  • Indian importers and buyers of Caraway
  • Buy offer of Indian spices
  • Caraway buyers list

Safety and Guides

  • Crop planning guide
  • Medicinal herb production guide
  • Caraway gardening-Useful links
  • Growing and using Caraway
  • General safety considerations for essential oil use
  • FAQ about Caraway

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