Clove Oil
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 Information Profile @ a Glance 


  • Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. And Perry (Syn. Eugenia caryophyllus)
  • The clove tree is an evergreen that grows to about 8 to 12 m in height.
  • The Tree thrives in all situations ranging from Sea Level upto altitude of 900 m
  • Cloves vary in length from about 1/2 to 3/4 inch (13 to 19 mm).
  • Three essential oils are available from this spice: clove bud oil, clove stem oil and clove leaf oil.
  • Clove bud oil, the most expensive and the best quality product, contains eugenol (80 - 90%), eugenol acetate (15%) and beta caryophyllene (5 - 12%).
  • The clove oil is used to prepare microscopic slides for viewing and is also a local anesthetic for toothaches.
  • It is a strong antiseptic and preservative. It is used to treat flatulence, colic, indigestion and nausea. Eugenol is used in germicides,
    perfumes and mouthwashes, in the synthesis of vanillin, and as a sweetener or intensifier
  • The island of Zanzibar, which is part of Tanzania, is the world's largest producer of cloves.
  • Madagascar, Indonesia, Penang, Reunion Island, Seyshelles, Mauritius, Jamaica, Sri Lanka & India are smaller producers.
  • In India, it is cultivated in Tamil Nadu & Kerala
  • Standards:
    US Government Standards and American Spice Trade Association Standards
    Moisture % (wet basis) <8
    Extraneous matter % (by weight) <1
    Mouldy buds % <1
  • Description, Cultivation, Medicinal and Other Use.
  • Syzygium aromaticum
  • History, Habitat, Morphology Description, Principal Constituents, Pharmacology, Toxicology & Clinical Studies
  • Mollucas - Spice Island, Spice Garden - Tamil Nadu, Climate and Soil, Varieties, Selection & Planting, Manuring & Protection.
  • Crimson Clover, White Clover, Annual & Perennial Clovers
  • Garlic Clove Orientation study, Effects on Plant Emergence & Bulb Diameter and Weight
  • Sweet Clover
  • Clove Images
  • Beta-caryophyllene
 Cultivation & Processing
  • Growing Cloves & Processing
  • Cultural Practices, Diseases, Cultural Control and Chemical Control.
  • Cultivation of Cloves, Findings, Judgings
  • Cloves Harvesting - Images
  • Separation of Clove Oil, Acetyleugenol, Eugenol from Cloves.
  • Extraction with CO2
  • Isolation of Eugenol from Clove Oil, Test for Unsaturation.
  • Agricultural and Botanical Aspects, Harvesting, Drying, Winnowing, Uses & Standards
  • Arrival from Villages, Processing
  • Small Scale Production, Categories, Solar Dryer, Methods of Oil Collection, Distillation & Extraction
  • Supercritical Extraction of Solid Matrices by Mathematical Modeling
  • Composition of  Essential Oil from Devil's Claw Plant (Proboscidea Louisianica)
  • Identify Eugenol by Infrared Spectroscopy and Thin Layer Chromatography.
  • Cloves in Packages


 Project Information

  • Commercial Production of Clove Leaf Oil, Industrial Investment and Technology Project.
  • Processing Cloves & Producing Oils
  • Purpose, Description, Target Market, Total Investment



  • Guidelines, National Clove Agency.
  • Oil Industry
  • Producers & Exporters
  • General Description, Environmental Requirements, Uses, Species & Pests
  • Efficiency of Clove Oil as an Anesthetic for Zebra Fish - Methods & Materials
  • Policies at the National and Regional Level - South  Asia, Spices and Beverages.
  • Urban Land Development, Oman Sultan Introduced Cultivation of Cloves
  • Traditional Indian Remedy for Diarrhea & Toothache


Information Sources

  • Clove Oil as Fish Anesthetic
  • Clove Oil as an Anaesthetic for Adult Sockeye Salmon -Materials & Methods.
  • Effects of Clove Oil Anaesthesia on Onchorhynchus Mykiss, Methods and Materials.
  • Ethanolic extract of Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. &
  • Most Noxious Cigarettes and it's Effects.
  • Pemban Economy, Beekeepers, Hive Types, Honey and Wax Processing & Marketing
  • Status of Clove Oil and Eugenol Oil for Anesthesia of Fish.
  • Review of Food Engineering & Processing Technology
  • Cloves in Pepper Products
  • Food Preservation
  • Receipes
  • Suppliers of Organic Pesticides
  • Organic Potatoes
  • Clove Mead
  • Fresh Cosmetics
  • Home Care
  • Cherries

Regulatory Issues

  • Clove Oil and the FDA.
  • Standards
Products & Company Profiles
  • Private Sector Companies
  • Material Safety Data Sheet, Clove Leaf Redistillation
  • Material Safety Data Sheet - Oil of Clove, Hule de Clove.
  • Clove Oil Company

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