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Information @ a Glance

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  • Peat is vegetable matter which has been partially carbonized due to the way in which it decomposes.
  • Moss is one of the primary components of peat, although it may also contain other plant matter such as grasses and shrubs.
  • Peat forms in wetlands or peatlands, variously called bogs, moors, muskegs, pocosins, mires, and peat swamp forests.
  • Peatlands are classified into two categories: bogs and fens.
    Peat material is either fibric, hemic, or sapric.
  • Phragmites peat is one composed of reed grass, Phragmites australis, and other grasses.
  • Peat is a soft, fibrous material with moisture content in its natural state of over 90%.
  • The life cycle of peat moss is comprised of two distinct generations, the gametophyte and the sporophyte.At the gametophyte stage, the plant bears leaves, synthesizes chlorophyll, and is able to reproduce sexually. The sporophyte generation consists mainly of a capsule that encloses the spores.
  • When peat is harvested, it is cut out of the bog in long strips which are compressed and dried.
  • The formation and localization of peat is a dynamic, continuous process, influenced by a number of factors, including climate and topography.
  • Peat formation at Twin Cays has occurred primarily through deposition and slow turnover of mangrove roots, rather than above-ground tissues that are either less abundant (woody twigs) or more readily removed (leaves).
  • Peat landslides represent one end of a spectrum of natural processes of peat degradation.
  • The term 'peat slide' is generally used to describe slab-like shallow translational failures with a shear failure mechanism operating within a discrete shear plane at the peat-substrate interface, below this interface, or more rarely within the peat body.
  • There are a number of uses for peat, although the two primary uses are as a type of fuel and as a fertilizer.
  • Peat has been used as a source of fuel for domestic heating for centuries in Ireland. Peat is used in various forms for heating Irish hearths and hearts.
  • Peat can also be used to make paper, pad livestock beds, or pack products for shipment.
    Peat fires are used to dry malted barley for use in Scotch whisky distillation.
  • Peat is also an important raw material in horticulture, and it is used in medicine and balneology to produce filters, textiles etc.
  • The vegetable transplant industry in Florida relies entirely on soilless media (predominantly peat moss) as a substrate for plant production.
  • Formation of ombrogenous peat is a geogenic process that results in the accumulation of plant debris in an environment that slows down the natural breakdown of the organic materials.
  • Halogens are strongly enriched in peat and peatlands and such they are one of their largest active terrestrial reservoir.
  • The prevalent low-technology method of obtaining peat thickness estimates involves probing with a rod.
  • It is felt that the use of digital processing techniques and possibly the use of image analysis techniques as used in the remote sensing analysis of imagery could be methods whereby the peat radar signals could be enhanced and analyzed, resulting in stratification information.
  • Open planting was found to be the best technique for rehabilitating highly degraded peat swamp forests (PSF).
  • Restrictions on mining of peat moss in foreign countries coupled with the growing demand for a natural substitute to it could pave the way for largescale export of coir pith from India.
  • The world demand for coir pith is growing at the rate of 15 per cent per annum and over 75 per cent of the supply to the world market is currently emanating from Sri Lanka.
  • According to a report, out of the 77 coir-pith processing units in the country, 73 are in Tamil Nadu and hence there is ample scope for setting up of such processing units in other coir producing States.
General Information
  • Peat and climate: on words, facts, and choices
  • Peat-Identification
  • Peat land along the coast of West Aceh
  • Peat and Wetlands
  • Peat
  • What is Peat?

Company Profile

  • Company from Canada
  • Company from Columbia
  • Company from Florida
  • Company from Lithuania
  • Company from Ukraine
  • Company from USA

Commodity Report

  • Peat Commodity Report in 2003
  • Peat Commodity Report in 2004
  • Peat Commodity Report in 2005
  • Peat Commodity Report in 2006
  • Peat Commodity Report in 2007
  • Peat Commodity Report in 2008


  • Peat Production in 2002
  • Peat Production in 2003
  • Peat Production in 2004
  • Peat Production in 2005
  • Peat Production in 2006
  • Peat Production

Peat Deposits

  • Peat Deposits and Thick-billed Murre Colonies in Hudson Strait and Northern Hudson Bay: Clues to Post-Glacial Colonization of the Area by Seabirds

  • Peat Forming Environment of Permian coal seams from the Faxinal Coalfield in Southern brazil, based on palynology and palaeobotany

  • Late Quaternary peat deposits from Vembanad Lake (lagoon), Kerala, SW coast of India

  • Subsidence of Peat Soils the Tidal Swamplands of Barambai, South Kalimantan

  • Precipitation of silica and formation of chert–mudstone–peat association in Miocene coastal environments at the opening of the Sea of Japan

Formation Process

  • Organix converting dairy waste to peat moss
  • Floating Peat Islands and Patch Formation in the Northeastern Everglades

  • Degradation of mangrove tissues and implications for peat formation in Belizean island forests

  • Forest structure and regeneration process of peat swamp Alan forests (Shorea albida) in Brunei Darussalam

  • An overview of peat landslide mechanisms

  • The Reclamation Process of Peat Swamp Forest in Riau

  • Separating Coco Peat and Mixed Fiber From Coconut Husk

  • Life Cycle of Peat

  • Extraction of peat and the reduction of the concurrent impact on ground and surface water in the Viru-Peipsi sub-basin


  • Peat for Domestic Heating
  • Fertiliser application to conifer plantations on oligotrophic peat sites

  • Belarusian mire and peat soils contribution to formation of sources and fluxes of CO2 and CH4

  • Halogens in pore water of peat bogs – the role of peat decomposition and dissolved organic matter

  • Identification of Plant Fragments and Pollen from Peat Deposits in Rangitaiki Plains and Maketu Basins

  • Temperate Highland Peat Swamps on Sandstone

  • Ombrogenous Peat Swamps and Recommended Uses in Tropical Areas
  • Coconut Coir as an alternative to Peat media for Vegetable Transplant production


  • Depth profiling of peat deposits with impulse radar
  • Rehabilitation of Degraded Peat Swamp Forests
  • Restoration Techniques and Approaches
  • Application of Remote Sensing and GIS to survey and evaluate tropical peat
  • Analysis of Composition and Properties of Natural Peat by Near-infrared Spectroscopy

  • Temperature-Driven Adaptation of the Bacterial Community in Peat Measured by Using Thymidine and Leucine Incorporation

  • Ultimate resolution of the peat-based proxy climate record of the Holocene


  • Consultant from Minnesota
  • US Consultant from Missoula
  • Consultant from New York
  • Consultant from USA

  • Peat Bale Filtration Element
  • Peat Based Composition
  • Peat Fuel Slurry
  • Method for Peat Mining
  • Peat Pellets
  • Absorbent Peat Moss Board Product


  • Natural Moor Peat bath & body wrap
  • Ecofloâ
  • Nodulator®
  • Puraflo®
  • PeatSorb™

Material Safety Data Sheet

  • Global Peat
  • Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss
  • Peat Soil Products
  • Peat SorbTM
  • Sterile Peat


  • Peat Based Greywater System
  • Biogeochemical Processes in Peat
  • Hydrological Restoration in the Sebangau Peat Swamp Forest, Central Kalimantan
  • Reconciling Commercial Exploitation of Peat with Biodiversity in Peatland Ecosystem
  • Peat Resources Limited Proposed Peat Extraction Project
  • Shear Strength Improvement of Peat Soil due to Consolidation


  • Peat accumulation in kettle holes: bottom up or top down?
  • Effect of peat decomposition on the capillary rise in peat-moorsh soils from the Biebrza River Valley

  • Effect of Peat Grade, Irrigation System and Nutrition on the Production of Nursery Stock in Closed Systems

  • Effects of peat mining intensity on green frog (Rana clamitans) occurrence in bog ponds

  • Effect of Peat bog Reclamation on the physico-chemical Characteristics of the ground water in peat

  • The effect of peat moss particles on the physiology of the Eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica.


  • Chemical properties of peat in 7 mires with balneological potential in Estonia

  • Microwave dielectric properties of horticultural peat products
  • Engineering Properties of Stabilized Tropical Peat Soils

  • Measuring Hysteretic Hydraulic Properties of Peat and Pine Bark using a Transient Method

  • Important Physical Properties of Peat Materials

  • Water-air properties in peat, sand and their mixtures

Policy Standards

  • Fires on Drained Peat Soils of Russia – Causes and Effects
  • Agronomic Management of Oil Palms on Deep Peat

  • Permit Requirements for Peat Mining

  • Peat Mining Policy

  • Soil Fertility And Management Of Peat Soils

  • Sustainable Procurement Policy

  • The Use of Peat - Policies

Report & Market

  • The coastal Tripa peat swamps: report of site visit 17th – 18th April 2008

  • Chemical, Physical and Biological Characteristics of Peat Report

  • Peat and Peat Alternatives - Their Use in Commercial Horticulture in England and Wales

  • Report of the Working Group on Peat Extraction and Related Matters

  • Natural Revegetation of Peat Soil

  • Report on peat substrate test

  • Tropical Peat Bogs Stoke Global Warming - Report

  • Curbs on peat moss mining may buoy coir pith exports

  • Peat Resources


  • Selling Leads of Peat
  • Suppliers of Peat
  • Peat Exporters
  • Peat Manufacturer / Suppliers
  • Peat UK Suppliers


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