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Project at a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • Phenols and Phenolic compounds are a class of chemicals consisting of a hydroxyl group attached to an aromatic hydrocarbon group. They are found widely in nature as well as being synthetically created. These compounds are widely used in industry.
  • A number of phenols are subject to regulation as air and water pollutants around the world. In the US, eleven phenols are listed as priority pollutants by the EPA, five phenols are regulated as hazardous pollutants under the Clean Air Act, and pentachlorophenol is regulated under the National Primary Drinking Water Regulation.
  • Phenols are chemicals found in basically all foods. The "phenol" category contains quite a few subgroups, both food and non-food. For example, salicylate is a subgroup of phenol. There are other chemicals found in foods that can cause similar symptoms as phenols, including amines, even tho they are not technically "phenol".
  • Sources of Phenol : from cumene (isopropylbenzene) by hydrolysis of its hydroperozide; byproduct is acetone, from benzenesulfonic acid by fusion with NaOH, above 300oC, then acidification, from chlorobenzene by high T, P reaction with NaOH, then acidification Laboratory Preparations, from the aryl diazonium salt by hydrolysis (water, 100oC); from the aniline, from the nitroaromatic.
  • Phenol was first isolated from coal tar in the coking of coal, but the first commercial process was the sulphonation of benzene and subsequent fusion with caustic soda. Most phenol today is synthesized under an indirect three-step process (called the cumene method).
  • The Sunoco/UOP Phenol process fills that need with commercially proven technology for the cumene route to phenol and acetone, backed up by continuing improvements and service. Cumene peroxidation is the preferred route to phenol, accounting for more than 90% of world production.
  • High phenol and acetone product qualities are achieved through a combination of minimizing impurity formation and efficient purification techniques. Phenol is found naturally in decaying dead organic matter like rotting vegetables and in coal.
  • The use for phenol includes an intermediate stage in the process of producing caprolactam, which is used in nylon and many other man-made fibres. Phenol is also a powerful disinfectant and bacteria killer. This is ideal for not only an air freshener but also other products like medicinal ointments and lotions.
  • One of the early uses for phenol was as an antiseptic. New uses for phenol in the synthesis of dyes, aspirin, and one of the first high explosives, picric acid. Phenol is also used to make chemical intermediates for a wide range of other applications, ranging from plastics to pharmaceuticals and agricultural chemicals.
  • Soy flour/phenol-formaldehyde technology has been developed that provided homogenous alkaline solutions with stability equal to or better than that of a typical phe-nol-formaldehyde resin.
  • The main use for phenol is to make Bispenol A for polycarbonate resins. The leading buyers of phenol for this purpose are GE Plastics and Bayer, each using more than 500,000 t/y in plants throughout the world. Almost one million t/y of phenol is used to make phenolic resins. Borden Chemical buys more than one third, 350,000 t/y. Georgia Pacific and Dynea each buy about 200,000 t/y.
  • The world market for phenol is 10.7 million t/y. Japan, Korea, Taiwan and China consume about 35% and the US and Canada use about 30%. The largest use is for the automobile, consumer and electronics industries. The second largest use in the US is for phenolic resins for oriented strand board. Worldwide growth in phenol is forecast at 4.5% over the next 5 years mainly in China.
  • Phenol prices follow raw material costs and oil prices fairly closely. The average annual growth of the phenolic resin output reached 33.7% from 2001 to 2006. The production capacity of phenolic resin in China was around 370 thousand t/a in 2006. The demand of phenolic resin in various downstream sectors is increasing constantly.
  • In 2001 total world production of phenol comprised approximately 8 mln ton. Among the key-players in the market are such worldwide known companies are Shell Chemical, Mobile, Mitsubishy Chemicals, Enichem and more than 40 other large companies.
General Information
  • Phenol Information
  • Phenols
  • Phenol Structure
  • Phenol - Synthesis
  • Reactions of Phenols
Products and MSDS
  • Acid Phenol : Chloroform MB Grade
  • Phenol, Liquified MSDS
  • UltraPure Buffer-Saturated Phenol
  • Phenol Product
  • Phenol red MSDS
  • Phenol MSDS
  • Phenol  Reagent
  • Safety data for phenol
  • Phenol Solution

Technology

  • New Catalyst Technology for the Selective Oxidation of Feedstock Aromatic Compounds to Commodity Chemicals
  • Dispersion Adhesives From Soy Flour And Phenol Formaldehyde
  • Development of New Bioremediation Technologies
  • Degradation of Phenol in Wastewater Using Anolyte Produced from Electrochemical Generation of Brine Solution
  • Phenol - Technology Profile
  • Toluene to Phenol process

Patent

  • Phenolic resin compositions with improved impact resistance
  • Compositions enriched in phenolic compounds and methods for producing the same
  • Efficient method for producing compositions enriched in total phenols
  • Process for preparing phenols
  • Production and purification of phenol: hydroxyacetone removal by hydrotalcite
  • Removal of salts in the manufacture of phenolic compound
  • Phenol novolak resin, production process thereof, and positive photoresist composition
  • Method of separating phenol from highly concentrated phenol solution
  • Use of a phenol oxidizing enzyme in the treatment of tobacco
Raw Materials
  • Benzene Sulphonic Acid Suppliers
  • Chlorobenzene Suppliers
  • Cumene Suppliers
Production and Manufacturing Process
  • Phenol Production
  • Production Process
  • Nitration Of Phenols Under Mild And Heterogeneous Conditions
  • Sunoco/UOP Phenol Process
  • Preparations of Phenol
  • Phenol Production and Manufacturing Process
  • A New, Environmentally-friendly Phenol Production Method
  • Phenol Preparation
  • Process - Flow Chart
Project Details
  • Baseline Monitoring Project
  • A new technology of phenol production based on solid catalyst
  • Cumene/Phenol Project
  • Insulating company with phenol and oil contamination
  • Nonyl phenol
  • Phenol project
Plant Details
  • Plant in China
  • Rein In Your Reactor Temperatures
  • Plant in Mantova
  • Phenol Plant Equipment
    Liquidation
  • Phenol recovery pilot plant
  • Plant in USA
  • Risk Reduction Support System of the Phenol Recovery Plant

Market

  • Market News
  • Global Phenol Demand
  • Phenol Outlook
  • Phenol Market
  • Phenol Uses and Market Data
  • Production , Import/ Export, Use and Disposal
  • Phenolic resin sector enters new stage
Company Profiles
  • Company in Maharashtra
  • Company in Georgia
  • Company in Florida
  • Manufacturing Company
  • Company in India
  • Company in Delhi

Suppliers

  • Suppliers List
  • Phenol - Selling Leads
  • Supplier
  • Phenol Manufacturers & Suppliers
  • Exporter
  • Maharashtra Directory
  • Phenol Supplier
  • Phenol Sellers

Buyers

  • Buyers List - 1
  • Buyers List - 2
  • Buyers List - 3
  • Buyers List - 4
  • Buyers List - 5
  • Buyers List - 6
  • Buyers List - 7
  • Importers

Applications

  • Microwave mediated solvent-free acetylation of deactivated and hindered phenols
  • The use of Hot Phenol In Preparing DNA
  • Phenol Biodegradation Using a Repeated Batch Culture of Candida tropicalis in a Multistage Bubble Column
  • Phthalate and alkyl phenol concentrations in soil following applications of inorganic fertiliser or sewage sludge to pasture and potential rates of ingestion by grazing ruminants
  • Phenol Use
  • Uses of Phenol
  • Use of Phenol in Anaesthetizing the Eardrum
Consultants
  • Consultant in Pakistan
  • Consultant in Mumbai
  • International Consultant
  • Phenol Consultant
  • Consultant in Europe
  • Consultant in Singapore
  • Project Consultant
  • Consultant in India

Report

  • Cumene
  • Conference
  • Collation of Toxicological Data and Intake Values for Humans
  • Isolation of a Lipid a Bound Polypeptide Responsible for "LPS - Initiated \' Mitogenesis of C3H/HeJ Spleen Cells
  • Evidence on the Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity of Phenol
  • Priority Substances List Assessment Report
  • Soil Guideline Values For Phenol Contamination
Health Hazards and Pollution Control
  • Determination of Phenols in Drinking and Bottled Mineral Waters Using Online Solid-Phase Extraction Followed by HPLC with UV Detection
  • Phenol Health Effects
  • Health Hazard Information
  • Toxicology and Clinical Effects
  • HPA Compendium of Chemical Hazards
  • Pollution Prevention Opportunities for PBT Chemicals
  • Ontario Air Standards For Phenol
  • Risk Assessment

Guidelines

  • Emergency Procedures for Phenol/Chloroform
  • Regulations and Guidelines Applicable to Phenol
  • Safe Method of Use for Hazardous Substances of Higher Risk 3 Concentrated Phenol
  • Phenol Health and Safety Guide
  • Ambient Working Water Quality Guidelines for Phenols Prepared
  • Proposed Acute Exposure Guideline Levels

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