Litchi

Cultivation, Harvesting, Pests, Diseases, Standards, Reports, Recipes, Market Details

Primary Information Services

Home . Ordering Information . Contact

Information Profile at a Glance

Content Headlines on CD ROM

  • Litchi (Litchi chinensis) a native of China, is grown in India since 18th century. 
  • Litchi is subtropical fruit and requires specific cliamte for growth, flowering, fruiting and quality, with area under its cultivation.
  • It is known for its attractive colour, delicious and juicy fruits with high nutritive value as
    well as lot of export potential.
  • India is probably the second largest producer of litchi. Depending on the variety and health of the tree, the yield varies from 80 kg to 150 kg per tree, according to experts.
  • Peeled, seeded lychees are canned in sugar sirup in India and China and have been exported from China for many years.
  • Browning, or pink discoloration, of the flesh is prevented by the addition of 4% tartaric acid solution, or by using 30 Brix sirup containing 0.1% to 0.15% citric acid to achieve a pH of about 4.5, processing for a maximum of 10 minutes in boiling water, and chilling immediately.
  • The fruits can be stored in good condition to last for 3 to 4 weeks.
  • The average maximum temperature in the litchi-producing areas of South Africa should be at least 23 C during October and 24 C during November, with a relative humidity of 50 % and higher.
  • Lychees dehydrate naturally. The skin loses its original color, becomes cinnamon-brown, and turns brittle. 
  • The flesh turns dark-brown to nearly black as it shrivels and becomes very much like a raisin.
  • Major litchi producing states are Bihar Jharkhand, Tripura, West Bengal, Uttaranchal, Assam and Punjab with an area of 53600 Ha with a total production of 4.2 lakh tonnes.
  • Fruits are grown in an area of over 3.83 million ha in India, contributing to an annual production of around 46.04 million tonnes.
  • Cultivated over an area of 56,400 ha, the fruits production in the country has been increasing at over nine per cent annually. 
  • Litchi is in demand both in fresh as well as in processed form.
  • Estimates show that, annually over 100,000 tonnes of litchi is traded internationally.
  • Australia produces about 5000 tonnes of these crops annually, returning about $22 million.
  • The Australian market is oversupplied at 4000 tonnes for the season. 
  • Markets such as the US, Holland and France are known to pay as much as US$14 per kg for Chinese lychees.
General
  • Litchi - Description
  • Varieties
  • Litchi - Data Sheet
  • Litchi Chinensis
  • Treatment of litchi trees
  • Maturity Standard - Pericarp Browning
  • Canopy Management
  • Lychee in Florida
  • Lychee in Japan
  • Lychee - Facts
  • Rejuvenation - Orchard
  • Lychee Nut
  • Varieties
  • Sulfur Free Litchi Treatment

Cultivation & Harvesting

  • Lychee Orchard - Australia
  • Cultivation - Kangra
  • Pruning
  • Improved post - harvest handling 
  • Postharvest Biology and Technology
  • Litchi - Planting
  • Area under Cultivation
  • Cultivation - New Territories
  • Growing Lychee - Hawaii
  • Litchi - Irrigation
  • Litchi - Harvesting
  • Intercultural Operations
  • Manuring & Fertilization
  • Propagation
  • Soil & Climate
  • Gardening
  • Amateur Litchi grower - India
  • Drip Irrigation System
  • Cultivation
  • Propagation
  • Pollination

Standards

  • CODEX Standard
  • Health Standard - Caledonia
  • Health Standard - Thailand

Pests & Diseases

  • Litchi - Disorders
  • Litchi - Diseases
  • Elephant Beetles
  • Flower caterpillars
  • Fruitpiercing moths
  • Fruitspotting Bugs
  • Green Shield Scale
  • Litchi - Pests
  • Loopers in Lychees
  • Lychee erinoe mite
  • Pepper Spot
  • Macadamia Nutborer
  • Red-shouldered leaf beetle
  • Soft Brown Scales in Lychees
  • Stem-girdlers and Borers in Lychees
  • Swarming Leaf Beetles

 

 

Recipes
  • Lychee Sandesh
  • Lychee Icecream, Kulfi
  • Recipe List
Studies & Reports
  • Water Saving Potentials
  • Technical Assistance - Mozambican Litchi Growers 
  • In vitro regeneration of lychee
  • Green Fluorescent Protein Gene
  • Dynamics and Diversity of Insect Populations
  • Descriptors for Litchi
  • Fatty acid diversity
  • New Options for Farmers
  • Country Reports
  • Lychee - Tips, Articles & Information
Market  / Industry Analysis
  • Australian Industry - Overview
  • Annual Industry Report
  • Litchi Processing Plant
  • Lychee Growers Association
  • Strategic Plan - Lychee Industry
  • Growing, Packaging & Marketing
  • Production & Market
  • Production - Asia - Pacific Region
  • Trade Adjustment Assistance
  • World Trade in Litchi
  • Sustainable Production System - PRISM
  • Post Harvest Handling for Export
  • Production & Export
  • World Trade
  • Import Risk Analysis
  • Improve Profitability - 6 ways
Market Details
  • Tropical Fruit Suppliers - Florida
  • Lychee - Suppliers
  • Canned Fruit Lychee - Suppliers & Manufacturers.
  • Lychee Honey Juicy Stick Supplier
  • Canned Lychee - Supplier
  • Lychee Trade Lead
  • Canned Litchi- China
  • Marketing of Litchi in India
  • China Export to America
  • Uttranchal - Export
  • Litchi EU Market
  • Florida Lychee - Payment Rate
  • Lychee - Import
    Order the CD ROM Today

Primary Information Services
 21 Murugappan St, SwamyNagar Ext2, 
Ullagaram, Chennai - 600091, India.
 
Phone: 91 44 22421080  Email : informer@eth.net
Mobile number: 9444008898  Fax : 91 44 22423753