Milk Thistle                                                                           Production and Management, Functions, Applications, Patent, Consultants, Company Profiles, Reports, Market                                           Primary Information Services                                                   Home. Ordering Information. Contact

Project @ a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a unique liver protectant. It is one of the few herbs that has no equal in the world of conventional medicine. 
  • Milk thistle is sometimes called silymarin, which is actually a mixture of  the herb's active components, including silybinin (also called silibinin or silybin).
  • Milk thistle is native to the Mediterranean, but is now widespread throughout the world. This stout thistle usually grows in dry, sunny areas. The stem branches at the top, and reaches a height of 4 to 10 feet. The leaves are wide, with white blotches or veins. The flowers are red-purple. The small, hard-skinned fruit is brown, spotted, and shiny. Milk thistle is easy to grow, and it matures quickly, in less than a year. 
  • Milk thistle has long been used in Europe as a food. De-spined leaves were used in salads, while stalks, roots and flowers were cooked. Seeds were used as coffee substitute. It has been used as a medicine for over 2,000 years as milk stimulant, for liver, kidney and spleen problems, for jaundice, gall stones, and menstrual pain.
  • In 1997, milk thistle ranked 12th among the top selling herb supplements in the U.S. mass market, with sales of over US$3 million. Prices in 1997 ranged from US$2.50 to $5.00/lb.
  • Milk thistle is not bothered by many pests, and no diseases have been noted. Milk thistle is very drought resistant and should not require irrigation unless severe conditions arise.
  • Milk thistle is native to western and central Europe and northern India, but has become naturalized by escaping from cultivation in southern Europe, Africa, India, China, Australia, South America, and in many parts 
    of North America. Much of the current commercial seed production for the 
    European market comes from Argentina, while cultivation in Texas supplies some of the U.S. market.
  • Milk thistle is very drought tolerant and prefers dry well drained soil in full sun. It is found along roadsides, in fields and waste places. Milk thistle seeds  historically has been used for mild digestive complaints, especially those centered on liver function.
  • Depending on the intended use of a milk thistle product, one consumer may choose to use a well manufactured, but not standardized, tincture as a digestive aid, whereas anyone with a diagnosed liver disease would prefer a standardized product concentrated to 80% silymarin.
  • The seed is used as supportive treatment in Germany for many forms of chronic inflammatory liver disorders that vary from hepatitis to severe Amanita mushroom poisoning. Milk thistle products vary in their claimed “standardized” marker content from 30 to 80 percent silymarin or silybin.
  • One of the special qualities of Milk Thistle is that it cleanses and detoxifies an overburdened and stagnant liver while also being able to strengthen and tonify a weak liver.
 General Information
  • Milk Thistle - A Glance
  • Milk thistle- Introduction
  • Silyarin
  • Milk Thistle Herb Information
  • Carduus marianus
  • Silybum marianum - Plant for a Future

Production and Management

  • Milk thistle production in Saskatchewan
  • Milk Thistle Production
  • Influence of Biocontrol Insects on Canada Thistle 
  • Callus culture for biomass production of milk thistle
  • Biological control of Musk Thistle
  • Assessing the Extent of Damage in the Cultivation of Milk thistle
  • Milk Thistle Threats
  • Integrated Pest Management
Properties and Functions
  • Milk Thistle's Liver-Protective Properties
  • Effect of Milk Thistle on the Pharmacokinetics of Irinotecan
  • Anticarcinogenic Effect of Milk thistle 
  • Effect of Milk thistle on Digoxin Pharmacokinetics in Humans
  • Isolation and characterization of silybins and isosilybins from milk  thistle
  • Functions of Milk Thistle
  • Cisplatin Nephrotoxicity and Protection by Milk Thistle Extract in Rats
  • Milk Thistle Toxicology

Company Profiles

  • IREL, Spol.s.r.o
  • Dosic
  • Hongjiu Biotech
  • Skye Herbals
  • Fraken Biochem


  • Liver Function Improvement Formulation
  • Prevention, Treatment and Repair of Liver Damage
  • Compositions containing minoxidil and saw palmetto for treating baldness
  • Dietary supplements for each specific blood type
  • Use of milk thistle extract in skin care compositions


  • LIMARIN® Capsules
  • Milk Thistle High Strength
  • Liver Cleanse Product
  • Milk Thistle Extract for pets
  • Herbal Plus® Milk Thistle
  • Detox Foot Patch - Milk Thistle Liver Support
  • Milk Thistle Capsule Product List
  • Milk Thistle Products
  • TruNature® Milk Thistle
  • Solgar Milk Thistle Herb Extract
  • Cellu-Smooth
  • Pet Products

Projects and Consultants

  • Rajesh Agarwal
  • David J.Kroll
  • C. Lindsay DeVane
  • Sharon Ann Meyer
  • Dennis Leppanen
  • Experts Opinions Regarding Milk Thistle AND Maximum Milk Thistle
  • Manitoba Project
  • CRISP Project
  • Approved Projects

Benefits and Medicinal Applications

  • Historical and Popular Uses
  • Medicinal Action and Uses
  • Milk Thistle For Liver Detoxification
  • Lady's Thistle Remedies
  • Modern Medicinal Use
  • Natural Remedies
  • Pharmacology and Therapeutic Uses
  • Health Wellness
  • Uses and Effectiveness
  • Modern Applications
  • Benefits of Milk Thistle
  • Traditional Uses of Milk Thistle
  • Liver's Bodyguard  

Market and Report

  • The Milk Thistle
  • An Exploration of Current Issues in Botanical Quality
  • Milk thistle extract could help diabetes control
  • Economics and Marketing
  • Export Market Opportunities in the USA 
  • Milk Thistle Not An Effective Cure For Liver Disease
  • Milk thistle compound could protect against lung cancer
  • Milk thistle "does not" lower mortality
  • Improved agronomic practices for milk thistle

Suppliers and Buyers

  • Milk Thistle China Suppliers
  • Selling Leads
  • Trade Leads of Milk Thistle
  • Exporters of Milk Thistle
  • Suppliers of Milk Thistle Extract
  • Hangzhou New Asia International
  • Manufacturers of Milk Thistle
  • Milk Thistle Buyer

Safety and Hazards 

  • Warning about Milk Thistle and Drug Interactions
  • Milk Thistle & Amanita muscaria Poisoning
  • Material Safety Data Sheet
  • Benefits and Safety Dietary Supplements


  • Milk Thistle- Growers Guide
  • FAQ About Milk Thistle
  • Milk Thistle - Supplement Guide
  • Useful Link
  • Drug Guide

    Order the CD ROM Today

Primary Information Services
 21 Murugappan St, SwamyNagar Ext2, 
Ullagaram, Chennai - 600091, India.
 Phone: 91 44 22421080 
Email :
Mobile numbers:9940043898, 9444008898  Fax : 91 44 22423753