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Contents on the CD Rom

  • A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a patentee for a fixed period of time in exchange for a disclosure of an invention.
  • The procedure for granting patents, the requirements placed on the patentee and the extent of the exclusive rights vary widely between countries according to national laws and international agreements.
  • The term "patent" usually refers to a right granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof.
  • A patent is obtained by filing a written application at the relevant patent office. The application contains a description of how to make and use the invention and, under some legislations, if not self evident, the usefulness of the invention. The patent application may or must also comprise "claims". Claims define the invention and embodiments for which that the applicant wants patent rights to.
  • Depending on the technical complexity of the subject, patent agents charge $600-$1,400 to prepare and process an application for a simple design or a straightforward mechanical device, such as a hand-operated kitchen utensil or a basic toy with few or no moving parts; $2,500-$4,500 for average complexity, such as a small electronic device or an innovative cog for an assembly line; and $3,500-$15,000 or more for complex projects such as chemical or biotechnological patents. Computer software patents can be simple, moderately complex or extremely complex, depending on the nature of the application. 
  • The Indian government has formed an advisory committee to recommend changes in the 1970 Indian Patents Act. A temporary ordinance for patent protection implementing the "mailbox" provisions of the WTO TRIPS agreement and providing for exclusive marketing rights was issued in December 1994. 
  • A trademark or trade mark is a distinctive sign or indicator of some kind which is used by an individual, business organization or other legal entity to uniquely identify the source of its products and/or services to consumers, and to distinguish its products or services from those of other entities.
  • Specialized types of trademark include certification marks, collective trademarks and defensive trademarks. A trademark which is popularly used to describe a product or service (rather than to distinguish the product or services from those of third parties) is sometimes known as a genericized trademark. If such a mark becomes synonymous with that product or service to the extent that the trademark owner can no longer enforce its proprietary rights, the mark has become generic.
  • Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. At its most general, it is literally "the right to copy" an original creation. In most cases, these rights are of limited duration. The symbol for copyright is "©", and in some jurisdictions may alternatively be written as either (c) or (C).
  • Copyright subsists for a variety of lengths in different jurisdictions, with different categories of works and the length it subsists for also depends on whether a work is published or unpublished. In most of the world the default length of copyright for many works is generally the life of the author plus either 50 or 70 years.
  • Intellectual property rights as a collective term includes the following independent IP rights which can be collectively used for protecting different aspects of an inventive work for multiple protection:- Patents, Copyrights, Trademarks, Registered ( industrial) design, Protection of IC layout design, Geographical indications, and Protection of undisclosed information.
  • Patent
  • General information about patents
  • Patent Strategies
  • High Quality Patents - Getting Started

When and how to get Patent

  • When to Patent
  • Get Yourself a Patent
  • Patent Ownership: Why You Need to Get it Right the First Time
  • Why get a Patent?
  • Steps for Getting a Patent for Your Invention

Filling of Patent Application 

  • Patent application
  • Continuing patent application
  • Application Filling
  • Provisional or Non-provisional Patent Application
  • Provisional Application for Patent
  • ICAR Guidelines for Filing Patent Application

Patent Institutions and Companies

  • Patent Facilitating Centre
  • National Informatics Centre
  • IBM Intellectual Property and Licensing
  • Danish Patent and Trademark Office
  • IP Institutes
  • Kyrgyz Patent and Trademark Bureau
  • India Trademark Registration
  • Kan and Krishme Intellectual Property
  • Shri Vile Parle Kelavani Mandal
  • Taj Trademark Pvt Ltd
  • Asian Trademark Company

Patent Laws and regime

  • Introduction to Patent Law
  • Argentina Patent Law
  • Consolidated Patent Laws
  • Global Patent Regime
  • Patent Law Lundgren and Limits
  • Lithuania Patent Law
  • Ministry of Commerce and Industry
  • Product Patent Regime In India

Intellectual Property Rights

  • Intellectual property rights: Himalayan context
  • Food Security and Intellectual Property Rights in Developing Countries
  • Intellectual property rights in India
  • Embassy of India
  • Intellectual Property Rights: Patents in Biotechnology Indian Scene
  • Current Science: Intellectual Property Rights
  • Management of Intellectual Property Rights in India
  • Intellectual Property Rights: Tsunami related patent

Country Patent Office

  • Canada Intellectual Property Office
  • Eurasian Patent Office
  • European Patent Office
  • Indian Patent Office
  • Japan Patent Office
  • UK Intellectual Property Office
  • United States Patent and Trademark Office


  • Cost and Benefits of Patents: Increasing Patent Use Through Licensing
  • Delaying Patent Prosecution Cost
  • The cost of a sample European patent - new estimates
  • PAC Charges and rules for filing the Patent Application in India & USA
  • The Cost of Obtaining a Patent
  • How Much Does a Patent Cost?
  • Year 2007 Schedule of Fees
  • What Does It Cost to Obtain a Patent
  • 20 Steps for Pricing a Patent
  • Patent Cost Sharing Agreement

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Patent Attorneys and Agents
  • Patent attorney
  • Asian Patent Attorneys Association
  • The Institute of Patent and Trade Mark Attorneys of Australia
  • The Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys
  • SACCO Associates
  • Raysan Patent & Trademark Agents
  • PMG Associates
  • Registered Patent Attorney and Agents Directory

Policy and procedures

  • AIST Patent Policy
  • Intellectual Property Policy of ASTM
  • Patent Policy in Early Modern England
  • Patent Law & Policy
  • Policy and Procedure


  • Chas. Hude A/S
  • Patent Consultants, Inc
  • Inventis Patent Consulting
  • Jiya and Associates
  • Nairís Worldwide IPR services
  • PARAGON Consultancy & Trade Incorporated
  • PATEX Research and Consulting Ltd
  • B.RAJ Corporate Services
  • M.Zuta & Co Patent Consultants
  • Patent & Trademark Services, Inc.
  • Parker & Parker Company


  • Drug Patents Under the Spotlight
  • Stem Cell Patents: European Patent Law and Ethics Report 

  • World Wide Database Coverage Report January 2007
  • Patents Pending: Patent Reform for the Innovation Economy

  • Patent Laws must be in the National Interest
  • Reforming U.S Patent Policy
  • Continuation Patent Applications Report
  • Report of the Technical Expert Group on Patent Law Issues

Copy Rights 

  • Copyright
  • Copyright Law of the United States of America
  • Office of Public Sector Information
  • Indian Copyright Act,1957
  • Eligibility for copyright protection
  • Copyright Policy

Patent Disputes

  • Patent Battles
  • Apple faces iPod patent dispute
  • Patent Litigation with Endogenous Disputes
  • Filing and Settlement of Patent Disputes in the Federal Court, 1995-2005

  • Novartis to approach Geneva disputes body for patent rights
  • Qualcomm and Broadcom Must Resolve Patent Dispute Quickly
  • Ranbaxy ends patent dispute
  • Strategies for Resolving Patent Disputes Over Nanoparticle Drug Delivery Systems


  • Trademark
  • CFA Institute faces trademark battle in India
  • Trade Marks Prosecution in India
  • Trademark registration in India

Links related to Patent

  • Addresses Of Indian Patent Design & Trademarks Offices
  • India Patent Links
  • Patent offices around the World
  • Copyright Links
  • Patent, Trademark and Copyright Links
  • Trademark Links
  • A Basic Guide and Index for Patent, Trademark and Copyright Information and Search


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