Growth And Cultivation, Species And Its Characteristics, Processing, Production Management, Standards

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  • The pistachio is a broad, bushy, deciduous tree which grows slowly to a height and spread of 25 to 30 feet, with one or several trunks. The trees are inclined to spread and droop, and may initially need staking.
  • The reddish, wrinkled fruits are borne in heavy clusters somewhat like grapes. Although known as a nut, the fruit of the pistachio is botanically a drupe, the edible portion of which is the seed. Pistachio nuts are rich in oil, with an average content of about 55%. 
  • The pistachio is usually propagated in California by budding or grafting selected scions onto seedling stocks of P. atlantica, P. terebinthus and P. integerrima. These rootstock species are used because of their vigor and resistance to nematodes and soil borne fungi. 
  • The pistachio is unique in the nut trade due to its semi-split shell which enables the processor to roast and salt the kernel without removing the shell, and which at the same time serves as a convenient form of packaging. About 90% of California pistachios are consumed as in-shell snacks. Shelled pistachios are utilized commercially in confectionery, ice cream, candies, sausages, bakery goods and flavoring for puddings. They can also be added to dressings, casseroles and other dishes. 
  • In California some 13 cultivars have been tested, including Kerman, Ibrahmim, Owhadi, Safeed, Shasti and Wahedi (largest nuts of any cultivars). Turkish and California pistachios are generally the only varieties available to us in the United States. Greece, Italy and Syria produce too few nuts to export.
  • Currently, Australian production is replacing imports. More than 90% of production is sold as dried, roasted and salted nuts.The Australian consumption of pistachios has grown from around 500 t in the last 15 years. Currently, after processing and packing, net farmgate returns are around $4,750-4,900/t. These prices are determined by the world price for the nuts. 
  • Japan, Canada, and Israel account for almost 80 percent of exports of the shelled pistachio nuts.
  • Consumers are also increasing their consumption of pistachios because of the health benefits attributed to nuts. Research has found that pistachio nuts are rich in calcium, Vitamin B-6, thiamin, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, copper, and fiber. 

Content Headlines on CD ROM

  • Pistachio
  • Pistachio Fruit Facts
  • Pistachio Nuts
  • Endocarp Dehiscence in Pistachio
  • The Pistachio Nut Opener
  • Pistachios in Otago
  • Healthy Heart Treat
  • Histology Of Somatic Embryogenesis in Cultured Leaf Explants Of Pistachio


  • Calories In California Pistachios
  • California Pistachios For Nutrients
  • Minerals And Nutrients
  • Nutrient Profile
  • Nutrient Facts
Growth And Cultivation
  • Homegrown
  • Pruning Mature Bearing Trees
  • Growth, Yield And Periodicity
  • Task List For Pistachio
  • Short notes on Growth
  • Evaluating Existing Pistachio Varieties
  • Growth and Bloom Rating Data sheet
  • Effect of Glyphosate and Herbicide Combinations
  • Effects of Paclobutrazol Applications on inflorescence in male Pistachio trees
  • Irrigation management strategies of Pistachio Orchards
Species And Its Characteristics
  • Three Pistachio Species
  • Pistacia chinensis
  • Pistacia Lentiscus
  • Pistacia mexicana
  • Pistacia terebinthus
  • Phylogeny of the genus Pistachio
  • Conserving And Increasing the Use of neglected and underutilized crop Species
  • Ecophysiological Characteristics of two Pistachio Species
  • Salinity Tolerance Of Pistachio Rootstocks
  • California Pistachio Rootstock Trails
  • Product Information
  • Sorting, Roasting And Packing
  • Processing Flow
  • Processing The Raw Pistachios
  • Harvest And Processing
  • California Pistachio Processing Plant Flow Chart

Production Management

  • Assessment & Improvement of Water Penetration
  • Adequate Irrigation In August Important For Shell Splitting In Pistachio
  • Large Bugs Damage Pistachio Nuts
  • Multiresidue Determination of Diazinon And Ethion In Pistachio Nuts
Applications in Food Products
  • Recipes
  • Pistachio Catalog
  • Recipes With Nuts
  • Pistachio Recipes
  • Fooday
  • Pistachio Pancakes
  • Pistachio - Cardamom Cake
  • Chef Don's Kitchen
  • Pistachio Macaroons
  • Futters Nut Butters
  • Party Mix with Pistachios
  • Christmas Ribbon Bars
  • Coconut Pistachio Sweetmeat
Company Profiles
  • Australian Pioneer Pistachio Company
  • Gallovidian Fresh Foods Ltd
  • Germack Pistachio Company
  • Tavazo Corporation
  • Viraman Co
  • Aria Pistachio Industrial Mills
  • Arizona Pistachio Company


  • Iran Pistachio Suppliers
  • Suppliers in Tradekey
  • Turkey Suppliers
  • Product suppliers
  • Exporters Of Pistachio
  • Nurseries
  • Processors/Suppliers
  • Pistachio Kernels And Peeled Pistachio Kernels
  • United States Standards For Grades Of Pistachio Nuts
  • United States Standards For Grades of Shelled Pistachio Nuts
  • Production History
  • Agricultural Marketing Service
  • Pistachios Specifications


  • Pistachio Buyers
  • Importers
  • Online Buyers
  • Trade leads
  • Polish Egyptian Trade House Ltd
  • New Federal Marketing
  • Global Pistachio production And Marketing challenges
  • World Pistachio Situation & Outlook
  • US Pistachio Nut Industry
  • Determining Production And Export potential of Pistachio in Turkey
  • Pistachio industry moves ahead to bigger crops
  • Market overview
  • Latest news from AHT
  • Pistachio Timeline
  • Woodland Report
  • Pistachio Annual report 2004
  • Afghan Recovery Report
  • California Commission
  • September 2006 Report
  • Objective Measurement report
  • Weekly report
  • First report of Botrytis cinerea causing shoot blight of Pistachio

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