Cow Placenta Retention Problems

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Project at a Glance Contents on the CD ROM
  • The placenta is the membrane that connects the fetus with the dam. The button like structures of the placenta, connect with the caruncles of the uterus.
  • After a normal calving, the placenta will be expelled within 30minutes to 8 hours.
  • If the placenta has not been released after 12 hours, the cow will have a condition known as retained placenta.
  • The placenta is an active endocrine organ tat provides a site for nutrient exchange,
    facilitates waste removal from the fetus, and provides an immunological barrier to both the maternal immune system and potential pathogens.
  • The placenta is retained in up to 20% of the cows that abort and infertility may be a sequela. Some serovars can cause sudden decreased milk production.
  • Manual removal of the placenta is not advised. The uterine walls are thin and fragile, and manipulation of the uterus may cause harm.
  • Trimming out the placenta may decrease the dirt caught by the placenta, however the pulling force of the placenta's weight will be lost.
  • The placenta serves as the functional unit of exchange between the maternal and fetal systems.
  • If the placenta is dragging on the ground it should be cut off at the level of the hocks to prevent it from being stepped on by the cow and torn off.
  • The basic goal in any treatment of retained placentas is to return the cow's reproductive
    tract to a normal state as quick as possible.
  • There are generally two methods of managing retained placenta when no systemic involvements are present- manual removal and natural separation. Manual removal has long been a common practice but should not be used because of possible injury to the delicate lining of the uterus.
  • The use of Reprocine which is the latest treatment available in the UK. It contains the synthetic hormone carbetocin and is given to cows by injection. It stimulates uterine
    motility, contracting down the uterus and thereby helping to expel the retained
  • Based on recent research on retained placenta, the most common recommendation is to allow the placenta to separate naturally with or without the use of medication.
  •  Retained placenta or metritis requiring systematic therapy occurs in 11-18% of calvings.
  • Method for isolating and purifying immuno-modulating polypeptide from cow placenta, which is characterized by using steps of anion exchange chromatography, gel exclusion chromatography and reverse-phase high performance liquid chrom-atography to isolate and purify immunopolypeptide  identifying its activity of stimulating lymphocyte proliferation in vitro by MTT method.


  • Retained Placenta - Causes and Treatments.
  • Definition - Retained Placenta.
  • How much are retained placentas costing you?
  • Retained Placentas.
  • Placental Structure and Classification.
  • Animal Cloning: Problems and prospects.
  • An overview on placental retention in farm animals.

Product & Process

  • What is Placenta Cream?
  • A cow had retained placenta.
  • Removal of a Retained Placenta.


  • A prototype instrument as an aid in the manual removal of retained placenta in cows.


  • Method for isolating and purifying immuno-modulating polypeptide from cow placenta.
  • Method for placental exfoliation using oxo-arachidonic acid or the like.
  • Method for treatment of bovine retained placenta.
  • Method and compositions for preventing retention of placenta following induced parturition in cattle.


  • Causes of retained placenta in dairy cows.
  • Abortion in Cattle.
  • Cows that fail to clean.
  • Induced calving is useful tool if used carefully.
  • Troubleshooting infertility problems in dairy cattle.
  • Diseases affecting reproduction in beef cattle.


  • Transition Cow Reproductive Protocol.
  • Guidelines-responsible use of antimicrobials in dairy and beef cattle production.
  • Reproductive Management.


  • Comparison of three treatment procedure of retained placenta.
  • Fresh Cow Management.
  • Managing reproductive disorders in dairy cows.
  • Influence of different therapy approaches-with or without manual extraction of retained placenta.
  • Strategies to improve the therapy of retained fetal membranes in dairy cows.
  • Treating and preventing retained placenta in beef cattle.
  • Dry cow Therapy.
  • Treatment Protocols.
  • Therapy and prevention or retained foetal membranes in cattle.
  • Method of treatment for retained placenta.


  • Improving artificial breeding of cattle in Africa.
  • Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation.


  • List of Suppliers.


  • Effects of retained placenta on the fertility in treated dairy cows.
  • Efficacy study of HimROP VET LIQUID in the management of retained placenta.
  • Factors related to the Etiology of retained placenta in dairy cattle.
  • Localization of integrins in Bovine Placenta.
  • Major histocompatibility antigen expression on the bovine placenta.
  • Factors affecting retention of placenta.
  • Growth factors and steroidogenesis in the bovine placenta.
  • Some hormonal and biochemical blood indices in cows with retained placenta.
  • Transforming growth factor beta in Bovine Placentas.
  • Mutations of ovine and bovine placental lactogens change in different ways.


  • Managing Retained Placenta.
  • Retained Placenta.
  • Feeding and managing dry cows.
  • Do you know what ingredients are in the cosmetics you use?
  • Applied reproductive strategies in beef cattle.
  • Placental Insufficiencies in Cloned Animals.
  • Retained placentas in the dairy cow.
  • Calving - Short Report.

Market Demands

  • Dairy Beef Quality Assurance.


  • Concentrations of some minerals in cows with retained placenta.
  • Induced parturition and retained placenta in the cow.
  • Porcine based organ extracts guarantee full substitution of bovine extracts.
  • Use, Trade and Harvest of Livestock Sera.
  • Potential use of Ethnoveterinary medicine for retained placenta in cattle .
  • Use of placenta in Cosmetics.


  • Dairy Wage Survey - California Dairy Newsletter.
  • Veterinary first aid - retained placenta.
  • Calving Season Tips.
  • Herd Health News.







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