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Contents on the CD Rom

  • Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that can be introduced into the digestive system through food. Probiotics that are added to foods can be derived from a human, animal or vegetable source. They are also naturally normally present in the human intestine.
  • The two most common bacteria added in the production of Probiotic foods are lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. There are numerous species of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria; the main species thought to have Probiotic characteristics are L. casei, B.lactis, L.johnsonii, B. breve, L.bulgaricus, B.animalis, L. rhamnosus, B.infantis,  L.reuteri, B. longum, and L. acidophilus.
  • For a beneficial bacterium to be classified as a Probiotic it must be resistant to gastric, bile and pancreatic juices to reach the colon alive. The probiotics attach to the wall of the intestine where they increase the number of beneficial bacteria and fight against harmful bacteria thus maintaining a balance between the beneficial and harmful bacteria.
  • The use of probiotics has become widely accepted as a natural means to promote health for both humans and animals. Today, probiotics are used as health supplements in food and feeds and they are replacing the use of antibiotic growth promoters or chemical supplements.
  • The potential benefits of Probiotic foods include: prevention and treatment of diarrheoa caused by rotavirus, especially in children, immune system enhancement, reducing some allergic reactions, treating and preventing respiratory infections, especially in children, decreased faecal mutagenicity, decrease in the levels of pathogenic bacteria, decreased faecal bacterial enzyme activity, prevention of the recurrence of superficial bladder cancer, the restoration of the correct balance of natural microflora after stress, antibiotic treatment, alcohol use and chemotherapy.
  • Probiotics help to maintain a healthy digestive system by maintaining a balance between the harmful and beneficial bacteria in the gut. They are of benefit especially when taken during and after antibiotic treatment or when travelling abroad where the body encounters different types of bacteria than it is used to. 
  • Probiotics may be promising as treatments for a number of diseases and conditions including: lactose intolerance, diarrhea secondary to antibiotic use or E. coli infections, other gastrointestinal infections, vaginal candida  infections, and lactose malabsorption due to chemotherapy. Probiotics have cholesterol-lowering benefits, reduce the risk of cancer, produce vitamins, and reduce the risk of urogenital infections other than candida.
  •   The European market for spoonable probiotic yoghurts alone was worth US$1.6bn at retail in 2005, according to Euromonitor International. But scientists believe the bacteria must be alive on arrival in the gut in order to have a beneficial effect, which has posed limitations on their use in processes involving heat, humidity and other harsh conditions. 
  • An Introduction to Probiotics
  • Probiotics Basics
  • Probiotics and your health
  • Food-Friendly Bugs Do The Body Good
  • Prebiotics and Probiotics
  • Probiotics-Food-Friendly Organisms
  • Probiotics and Prebiotics
  • Functional Foods Fact Sheet
  • Probiotics, prebiotics and antioxidants as functional foods

Production and Processing

  • Microbial and Processing Criteria for Production of Probiotics
  • Probiotic bacteria in fermented foods
  • Probiotic Cheese Production Using Lactobacillus casei Cells Immobilized on Fruit Pieces
  • The Production of Yoghurt with Probiotic Bacteria Isolated from Infants in Jordan
  • Siderophore production and probiotic effect of Vibrio sp.associated with turbot larvae
  • Probiotics Stimulate Production of Natural Antibodies in Chickens


  • A New Probiotic Cheese with Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Activity
  • Nutrient Rich Dairy May Find New Role in Functional Foods
  • The Food, GI-Tract Functionality and Human Health Cluster
  • Technologies for Functional Dairy Foods
  • Emerging Trends in Probiotics Research For Human Health
  • Probiotics in foods not containing milk or milk constituents


  • Probiotic Bacteria
  • Method for improving the efficacy of a probiotic, preparation of food additives and animal feed containing same
  • Pet food Product Containing Probiotics
  • Powder for preparation of a Probiotic Yogurt Food
  • Preparation That contains Oligosaccharides and Probiotics
  • Probiotic Bifidobacterium Strain

Company Profiles

  • Medicon Valley
  • Maxgene Probiotics Pvt. Ltd
  • Alaron
  • BioGaia
  • Lifeway Foods
  • Probiomics Ltd
  • Encap
  • Bio-Ag
  • Dairy Foods
  • GreatDanelady
  • Intota
  • Mary Ellen Sanders
  • PortiaSun
  • Stratecon International Consultants
  • Nutrition and Consumer Protection


  • An evaluation of probiotic effects in the human gut
  • Demonstration Of Nutritional Functionality of Probiotic Foods
  • Nutritional enhancement of probiotics and prebiotics
  • The Dog Food Project
  • Inventory of Ongoing Federal Food Safety and Nutrition
Products and Analysis
  • Microbiological analysis of Probiotic-Containing Products
  • Culture-Independent Analysis of Probiotic Products by Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis
  • Quantum-Rx Probiotic Complex
  • Establishing Standards for Probiotic Products
  • Products with Probiotics
  • Development of Probiotics and Prebiotics


  • Potential use of probiotics
  • Bacterial Probiotic Modulation of Dendritic Cells
  • Probiotic bacterium prevents cytokine-induced apoptosis in intestinal epithelial cells
  • Probiotics in Pediatrics
  • Probiotics in Infant Nutrition
  • Evidence-Based Uses of Probiotics
  • New uses for probiotics

Health Benefits and Limitations

  • Health Benefits of Probiotics
  • Probiotics and Health: Towards Evidence-Based Health Effects
  • Implications for Human Health
  • Beneficial effects of probiotic strains
  • Friendly Bacteria with a Host of Benefits
  • Beneficial Intestinal Bacteria
  • Probiotics: A Beneficial Health Option
  • Probiotics for Gastrointestinal Infections
  • Specific Health Benefits of Cultured and Culture- Containing  Dairy foods
  • Risks Associated with Probiotic Treatment
  • Donít Let Probiotics Get Away
  • Effects on Human Health

Rules and Regulations

  • Regulating Pre- and Probiotics
  • Probiotics and immune regulation
  • Consideration of possible legislation within existing regulatory frameworks
  • Nutritional Claims and Functional Claims
  • Regulating the Safety of Probiotics


  • Culture companies air next generation probiotic foods
  • Probiotic Foods-Gutsy bacteria 
  • Indian probiotic yoghurt linked to slower diabetes development
  • Danone, Yakult choose India to expand jointly
  • Market potential for probiotics
  • Probiotics come of age with scientific backing
  • Suppliers identify solutions for new probiotic foods


  • International Research Conference Highlights Progress, New Directions
  • Probiotics - Global Strategic Business Report
  • Fermented Foods, Health Status and Social Well-being
  • India: Challenges and Opportunities
  • Institute of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods
  • Tailored Technologies for Future Foods


  • How Probiotics Keep Us Healthy
  • Guidelines for the Evaluation of Probiotics in Food 
  • Fact sheet
  • Guidelines for Probiotics in Food and Dietary Supplements
  • The Importance of Guidelines in the Development and Application of Probiotics

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