Biotech Fish Farm
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Project @ a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • Fish farming is the world’s fastest growing sector of agricultural business. Consumer demand for fish products is increasing. At the same time, wild fish stocks are rapidly declining, mainly because of over - fishing. Aquaculture contributes more than 16 million tones of fish and shellfish annually to the world food supply.
  • Biotechnology is used in several different ways in aquaculture. Researchers use transgenic to introduce desirable genetic traits into the fish, thereby creating hardier stock. Transgenic involves the transfer of genes from one species into another species, in this case, fish.
  • There are two main techniques which researchers use to transfer genetic material in fish. One is called microinjection, in which the genetic material is injected into newly fertilized fish eggs. However, this method is time consuming, so researchers may prefer to use electroporation. This involves transferring the genetic material, or DNA, into fish embryos through the use of an electrical current.
  • Transgenic technology provides a means by which such a quantum leap in production is possible. The identification, isolation and reconstruction of genes responsible for desirable traits, and their transfer to broodstock, offer powerful methods of genetic/phenotypic improvement that would be difficult, if not impossible to achieve using traditional selection and breeding techniques.
  • A project was undertaken on enhancing livelihood of SC/ST people in Orissa and Tamil Nadu by MS Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai for introducing various aquaculture enterprises to 250 participants in backyard ornamental fish culture and carp seed production.
    A project on utilization of integrated marine living resources by SC youth from Tuticorin region of Tamil Nadu was undertaken by College of Fisheries, Tuticorin. Lobster fattening and crab culture techniques were standardized and demonstrated to the beneficiaries, who have grown lobsters in cages for about 4 months and produced 250-350gms size for marketing. 
  • The public health hazards related to antimicrobial use in aquaculture include the development and spread of antimicrobial resistant bacteria and resistance genes, and the occurrence of antimicrobial residues in products of aquaculture. The greatest potential risk to public health associated with antimicrobial use in aquaculture is thought to be the development of a reservoir of transferable resistance genes in bacteria in aquatic environments from which such genes can be disseminated by horizontal gene transfer to other bacteria and ultimately reach human pathogens. However, a quantitative risk assessment on antimicrobial resistance in aquaculture is difficult to perform owing to lack of data and the many different and complex pathways of gene flow. Prevention and control of bacterial diseases in aquatic animals is essential to minimize the use of antimicrobials and avoid the negative impact of antimicrobial resistance. 
  • The Indian inland aquaculture sector in general, is growing at an annual rate of 5.8% and currently produces around 1.6 million tonnes of fish, shellfish and molluscs from tanks and ponds, reservoirs, brackish waters, rivers and canals. In India, the role of fish in the diet is most important in the east and south of India. Correspondingly, the states of eastern India, covered by the project account for more than half the inland fish production of the top ten states. West Bengal alone produces c.38% of the total production.
  • The Common Fisheries Policy shall ensure exploitation of living aquatic resources that provides sustainable economic, environmental and social conditions. For this purpose, the Community shall apply the precautionary approach in taking measures designed to protect and conserve living aquatic resources, to provide for their sustainable exploitation and to minimize the impact of fishing activities on marine ecosystems.

About Aquaculture

  • Aquaculture
  • Getting Started in Aquaculture
  • Fish farming
  • History of Aquaculture
  • Introduction to Aquaculture
  • Brackish water aquaculture
  • Reproductive Biology in Aquaculture
  • Links on Aquaculture
  • Fish Farm Sitting and Operations

Gene Delivery Methods

  • Efficient expression of transgenes in adult zebrafish by electroporation
  • Transfer of a foreign gene to Japanese abalone by direct testis-injection
  • Genetically Modified Organisms and Aquaculture
  • Gene Transfer in Shrimp
  • Application of Gene Transfer Technology for Genetic Improvement of Fish

Company Profiles

  • Aquaculture Production Technology
  • AquaBiotech Group
  • The Council of Agriculture
  • DAN Fish Farms
  • Igene Biotechnology


  • Pioneer Aquaculture Consultants
  • Pacific Aquaculture Caucus
  • Aquaculture Technology
  • Fisheries Technology Associates Inc
  • Talon Nigeria Limited
  • The Virtual Consulting Group


  • Draft of Biotechnology Policy - 2005
  • Policy-relevant issues in Aquaculture & Fisheries
  • Madhya Pradesh Biotechnology Policy
  • Biotech Promotion Policy and Technology Transfer Issues
  • A Review of Aquaculture Policy and Institutional Capacity in the BCLME Region with Recommended Regional Policy Options
  • Government of Tamil Nadu - Biotechnology Policy


  • The Bangkok Declaration and Strategy for Aquaculture Development Beyond 2000 and Philippine Aquaculture
  • National Biotechnology Development Strategy
  • Canadian Biotechnology Strategy
  • Transgenic Fish Coming
  • A rising tide - Biotechnology: A Resourceful Gene
  • Status of Genetically Modified Fish
  • Isolation, Characterization and Expression of Growth Hormane/ Insulin - Like Growth Factor in Mouse Garoupa
  • Embryonic and genetic manipulation in fish
  • Transgenic fish 21st century solution to decreased fish farming productivity


  • Expressing Mammalian Protein Complexes in Fish
  • Inducing Sterlity in Fish by Disrupting the Development of the GNRH System
  • Transgenic Salmond Fish Expressing Exogenous Salmond Growth Hormone
  • Aquaculture system and methods for using the same
  • Growing marine fish in fresh water
  • Methods for raising pre-adult anadromous fish

Training course

  • V International Master of Science in Aquaculture
  • AquaTT
  • Central Institute of Fisheries Education
  • Krishi Vignan Kendra
  • CIBA Training Calender: 2007 - 2008
  • Development of transgenic fish for ornamental and bioreactor by strong expression of fluorescent proteins in the skeletal muscle
  • Recirculation Aquaculture Tank Production Systems
  • Biotechnology in the Livestock Industry
  • Transgenic Salmon for Culture and Consumption 
  • Genetics & Biotechnology in Aquaculture: Status, Promises & Issues
  • Emerging Fisheries Technologies
  • The Industrialisation of Fish Farming and the Drive Towards GM Technologies in Salmon Production


  • Biotechnology in Aquaculture: The Future of Fish Farming
  • The Status of Aquaculture in India With Special Reference to Eastern India
  • Community-Based Aquaculture in India- Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats
  • Biotechnology in Animal Agriculture: Status and Current Issues
  • Transgenic fish: is a new policy framework necessary for a new technology?
  • Aquaculture, Fish Farming, Fishing, Fishery Subsidy in India


  • Antimicrobial Use in Aquaculture and Antimicrobial Resistance
  • Aquaculture in Australia
  • Fish Farming
  • The Important Role of Biotechnology in Aquaculture
  • Aquaculture Best Management Practices Rule
  • Sustainable Marine Aquaculture: Fulfilling the Promise ; Managing the Risks
  • Genetically Engineered Fish - New threats to the Environment
  • Biotechnology - solution or problem?
  • Fisheries Research and Development
  • Aquatic Species Conservation & Management
Economics of biotech fish farms
  • The Commercialization of Biotechnology in Alberta
  • A Receptor Industry - Status of Canada’s Aquaculture Sector
  • Norway Marine Biotechnology
  • Beyond the Information Revolution
  • Aqua Bounty Technologies, Inc Completion of £20 million placing


  • Innovative Fish Farming Project For HIV-Affected African Families Doubles Incomes And Boosts Household Nutrition In Malawi
  • All you need to implement a fish farming project

Safety and Guides

  • Careful risk assessment needed to evaluate transgenic fish
  • Genetically modified fish and their effects on food quality and human health and nutrition
  • Biotech Economy
  • Guidelines on: the care and use of fish in research, teaching and testing
  • Ecological Criteria Used to Help Site Fish Farms in Fjords
  • Guidelines for Fish Farming: Predicted Levels of Nutrient Enhancement and Benthic Impact
  • Guidelines for Fin Fish Farming, Marine Aquaculture Experiments and Pilot Projects in SA
  • Eco-Friendly Fish Farm Management and Production of Safe Aquaculture Foods in the Philippines
  • Guidelines for research and utilization of genetically modified fish

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