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Project @ a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • Peel, also known as rind or skin, is the outer protective layer of a fruit or vegetable. Botanically, it is referred to as the exocarp, but this term also includes the hard cases of nuts, which are not considered to be peels.
  • Depending on the thickness and taste, fruit peel is sometimes eaten as part of the fruit, such as with apples. In some cases the peel is unpleasant or inedible, in which case it is removed and discarded, such as with bananas or grapefruits.
  • The peel of the citrus fruit has numerous glands that contain oil that is typically recovered as a major by-product. Each type of citrus fruit has its own characteristic set of compounds that comprise the oil and that are responsible for its flavor and aroma.
  • In the Peel Drying process just described citrus peel, which starts at about 82% moisture, is dried down to 10 to 12% moisture. As a final step the dried peel is pelletized in order to reduce its bulk. This is done in order to minimize transportation and storage costs.
  • With the increase in production of processed fruit products, the amount of fruit wastes generated is increasing enormously. Large amount of these wastes poses the problem of disposal without causing environmental pollution. These wastes can be effectively disposed by manufacturing useful byproducts from them.
  • Fruit peels or rind are usually treated as a throwaway but sometimes they could be use as raw material for some food products. One such example is the watermelon ring. The peels of the different fruits had similar composition but were considerable lower in DM, crude protein and ash content compared with the pawpaw leaves. Growth performance was adequate on all the fruit peels but was best with ripe pawpaw peel, which gave results comparable to the control diet of pawpaw leaves.
  • Vegetable and fruit peels were mainly used as addition to animal feed, in preparation of vermi- compost while few respondents use selected fruit peels as of oranges, lemon and pomegranate for preparing face pack and medicines.
  • Gas chromatography or “GC” technique is also sometimes referred to as gas-liquid chromatography (GLC), or vapor-phase chromatography (VPC). In GC, a mixture is vaporized and moved through a long thin tube with a carrier gas. In this experiment we will utilize GC to separate, identify, and quantify a component found in several citrus fruit peels.
  • The technologies recommended for waste management for rural areas are vermi-composting, bio-gas, mushroom cultivation and durrie making. Waste generated ‘daily’ included vegetable peels, animal dung and urine, ‘frequently’ polythene bags, fruit peels, tins, bottles, old clothes, dried twigs and weeds, ‘occasionally’ but in larger quantity was agri-waste in the form of stalk and straw.
  • The growth of the citrus juice industry in Florida over the past 50 years has driven the large-scale processing of citrus that is common today. The average annual production of Florida oranges has been about 240 million boxes over the past few years, with 1 box equaling 90 pounds of fruit. Pectin has been extracted from the peels of citrus where the United States imported more than 5,300 tons of pectin worth more than $56 million. 
  • The latent demand for glace, candied, and crystallized fruits, fruit peels, nuts, and other vegetable substances is not actual or historic sales.In fact, latent demand can be lower either lower or higher than actual sales if a market is inefficient.
  • Peel (fruit)
  • Introduction to the Fruit Basket


  • ACB Lemon Peel Extract
  • Process Optimization for Supercritical Concentration of Orange Peel oil
  • Major By-Products of the Florida Citrus Processing Industry 
  • Pectin Extraction From Citrus and Sugar Beets 
  • Characterization of Pectin Extracted from Different Fruit Wastes
  • Optimising Quality of a Mature-Green Golden Apple (Spondias cytherea) Drink Using Amyloglucosidase Treatment 
  • Gibberellic Acid Sprays for Improving Fruit Peel Quality and Increasing Juice Yield of Processing Oranges
  • Peel Disposal For Small Size Citrus Processor
  • How to Prepare Fresh Citrus Fruit Peel
  • Frozen Concentrated Orange Juice From Florida Oranges


  • Biomechanics and Anatomy of Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit Peels and Enzyme Treated Samples
  • Antimicrobial activity of wax and hexane extracts from Citrus spp. peels 
  • Antioxidant Properties of Different Fruit Seeds and Peels
  • Purification and properties of polyphenoloxidase of mango peel
  • Joint effects of citrus peel use and black tea intake on the risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin 

Company Profiles and Plants 

  • Company in Germany
  • Company in Monash, SA
  • Company in Oelde (Germany)
  • Plant in New Zealand
  • Processing Plant at Khari Baoli, Delhi
  • Plant in Spain
  • Plant at Kala-Amb, Himachal Pradesh
  • Processing Plant in Brazil


  • Beverages obtained from alcoholic Treatment of Roasted Citrus Fruit Peels
  • Citrus Derived Cosmetic and Medicinal Compositions and Associated Methods
  • Hand Utensils Particularly Useful for Removing the Peel of Citrus Fruit
  • Method of Making Citrus Fruit Peel Extracts and Flour
  • Fruit Juice Extractor including Peel oil and Fruit Separation Filter and Associated Methods
  • Whole Fruit Peel oil Extractor
  • Method of making citrus fruit peel extracts and flour
  • Citrus peel processing system and method


  • Agro-industrial by-products as roughage source for beef cattle
  • Analysis of Essential Oils in Citrus Fruit Peels by Gas Chromatography
  • Optimizing the use of Hydrolytic Enzymes to Facilitate Peeling of Citrus Fruit
  • A Method for Isolation of Total RNA from Fruit Tissues of Banana 
  • Waste Generated and Adoption of Waste Management Practices among Rural Households in Haryana 
  • Efficient Peeling Technology
  • Citrus Peel Miner Marmara salictella Monitoring Techniques and Control Measures


  • Consulting Solutions in Canada
  • Consultant Dietitians Nutritional Counsellors
  • Consultant in Staten Island, NY
  • Consultants in New Delhi, India

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  • Orange A-peel: How Does a Fruit's Internal Ethanol Levels Affect External Rind Stress? 
  • The Aromatic Plant Project
  • Development of Essential Oils and Plant Extracts from the Family Rutaceae for Herbal Cosmetics and Perfumery
  • Management of post harvest diseases of sub-tropical and tropical fruit using their natural resistance mechanisms


  • Pectin
  • Making fruit spreads
  • Fruit Face Peel
  • Glycolic peels
  • Jams and Marmalad

Material Safety Data Sheet

  • Citrus Burst
  • NEUTRAZEN Natural Scents
  • Citrus limonum Essential Oil
  • Bergamot Oil
  • Mandarin Oil
  • Blood Orange Oil

Applications and Health benefits

  • Ethylene Production by Citrus Fruit Peel
  • Sensory Evaluation of Citrus Peel Essential Oils as Flavouring Agents in Various Food Products
  • Fibre concentrates from apple pomace and citrus peel as potential fibre sources for food enrichment 
  • Uses of Fruit Peel
  • The potential of peels of mango, plantain, cocoyam and pawpaw as diets for growing snails
  • Evaluation of the Nutritive Potential of the Peels of Some Citrus Fruit Varieties as Feedingstuffs in Livestock Production 
  • Phytonutrients in citrus fruit peel meal and nutritional implication for livestock production


  • Chiquita Peels Layers
  • Orange peel process may yield multi-million industry
  • Sizing up the Fruit Spreads Market
  • Peel off skin treatments ride fruit ingredient trend
  • The 2007-2012 World Outlook for Glace, Candied, and Crystallized Fruits, Fruit Peels, Nuts, and Other Vegetable Substances


  • Fifty Eight Citrus Processors and Subtropical Technology Conference
  • Consumption of Fruit Peel
  • Tangerine peel could help fight cancer, researchers say
  • New Disease Report
  • India: ′Guava peel can raise blood sugar
  • Fruit Peels Remove Heavy Metals
  • Tougher peel repels fruit flies
  • Xethanol Announces New Venture to Produce Ethanol from Waste Citrus Peels in Florida

Fruit Peel and Equipments Suppliers 

  • Fruit Peel Exporters
  • Fruit Peel Foreign Exporters & Manufacturers
  • Fruit Peel Selling Leads
  • Fruit Peel Indian Exporters & Manufacturers
  • Atlas Pacific Inc.
  • Odenberg Inc.
  • Peeler Suppliers


Primary Information Services
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