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  • Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as Rape, Oilseed Rape, Rapa, Rapaseed and (one particular cultivar) Canola, is a bright yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family). The name is derived through Old English from a term for turnip, rapum. 
  • Canola is a “double-low” variety of the rapeseed plant (Brassica napus or Brassica campestris) that was developed by traditional plant
    breeding methods in the 1970’s.
  • The rapeseed is the valuable, harvested component of the crop. The crop is also grown as a winter-cover crop. It provides good coverage of the soil in winter, and limits nitrogen run-off. The plant is ploughed back in the soil or used as bedding. On some ecological or organic operations, livestock such as sheep or cattle are allowed to graze on the plants.
  • Canola oil is derived from the seed of the canola plant. It is widely used in salad dressings, margarines and shortenings and can also be used as a cooking oil. The canola seed meal that remains after oil extraction is used in animal feed, but is not used for human consumption.
  • Seed preparation is the first step in any oilseed processing plant regardless of the oilseed feedstock. Seed preparation may include cleaning, de-hulling, cracking, rolling, flaking, de-shelling, or some combination of these processes.
  • Two main types of processes are used to separate oil from an oilseed. The first process is mechanical extrusion, in which the seed is mechanically pressed, allowing the oil to be separated from the meal. The second process is solvent extraction, which is often used in conjunction with some form of mechanical extrusion.
  • The production of animal feed, vegetable oil for human consumption, and biodiesel; leading producers include the European Union, Canada, the United States, Australia, China and India. 
  • Rape has been an important crop to India for a long period of time. At an average India produces around 5 million tones of raped annually. It stands at the 3rd position in the list of rape producing countries contributing around 11% of the world’s total production. Also it is the third largest producer of rape oil in the world. Rajasthan is the leading rape producing state in India. 
  • Rapeseed and its related oils are the backbone of the vegetable oil world. Edible uses for the oils with low erucic acid ( less than 2% ) are in cooking and vegetable oils, which include salad dressing oils, shortening and margarine. Oils with a higher erucic acid content are used in different venues. They have industrial applications such as lubricants, rubber additives, commercial waxes, nylon, diesel fuels and pesticides. Rapeseed oil can also be used to control grain dust. Dust concentrations can be reduced about eighty percent with the addition of 0.05% rapeseed oil.
  • Rapeseed oil is used in the manufacture of biodiesel for powering motor vehicles. Biodiesel may be used in pure form in newer engines without engine damage, and is frequently combined with standard diesel in ratios varying from 2% to 20% biodiesel. Formerly, due to the costs of growing, crushing, and refining rapeseed biodiesel, rapeseed derived biodiesel cost more to produce than standard diesel fuel.
  • The demand for the consumption of mustard/rape seed comes mainly from eastern and northern areas of the country. The arrival of this crop in the markets is in its peak period during March to May. The major centers of consumption of its oil are Kolkata, Bihar, Jharkhand and the northeastern areas like Assam, Tripura, Sikkim etc. 
  • Canola oil is very inexpensive compared to most other vegetable oils. As a cooking oil, it is much cheaper than olive oil and peanut oil and similar in price to soybean and corn oil. Canola oil is also much cheaper than other “nutraceutical” oils like flaxseed and hempseed oil.
  • In India, it is grown on 13% of cropped land. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, rapeseed was the third leading source of vegetable oil in the world in 2000, after soybean and oil palm, and also the world's second leading source of protein meal, although only one-fifth of the production of the leading soybean meal.
  • World production is growing rapidly, with FAO reporting that 36 million tonnes of rapeseed was produced in the 2003-4 season, and 46 million tonnes in 2004-5. In Europe, rapeseed is primarily cultivated for animal feed[citation needed] (due to its very high lipid and medium protein content[citation needed]), and is a leading option for Europeans to avoid importation of GMO products. 
General Information
  • Rapeseed
  • Canola Info
  • Canola Oil
  • Rapeseed as a Crop
  • Energy Balance and Co2 Balance
  • Rapeseed Facts
  • Specifications for Crude Rape Seed Oil
  • Specifications for Rape Seed Oil Refined


  • Growth Habits
  • Cultural and Environmental Requirements
  • Description of Rapeseed
  • Post Harvest Profile Of Mustard - Rapeseed
  • Experience in Oil Seed Rape Harvesting
  • Evaluation of a Rice Reaper Used for Rapeseed Harvesting

Extraction and Processing

  • Oilseed Processing: An Overview
  • Oil Seed Processing
  • Processing Canola
  • Oilseed Extraction - Rapeseed Oil
  • Solvent Extraction
  • Prepress Processing
  • Schematic of prepress solvent extraction process
  • Traditional and Modern Oil Processing Methods
  • Canola Biodiesel Manufacturing 
  • Rapeseed Processing


  • Rapeseed/Mustard: Area, Production and Yield
  • Alternative Crops with Potential Industrial Uses
  • Canola - Crop Production
  • Germany: Rapeseed Production Insufficient for Expanding Biodiesel Industry
  • Production of Rape/Mustard in India
  • Production of rapeseed
  • Oilseed; Rapeseed - Production, Consumption, Exports, and Imports Statistics
  • Production of rapeseed oil and ExPro meal  

Company Profiles

  • Bunge Oilseed Processing
  • Khavardasht Agro- Industry Company 
  • Shyam Industries
  • Sunora Foods Ltd


  • Oilex Engineers Pvt Ltd
  • Intota
  • Jannick H Schmidt
  • Management Solutions Business Planning Consultants
  • Vibrandt

Properties and Functions

  • The Digestibility of Rapeseed Oil in the Rat
  • Influence of Rapeseed Oil on the Fat Content of Carcass and The Fat acid Profile of the Carcass Fat in Rabbit
  • Canola Oil Sensory Properties
  • Performance Properties of Canola Oil
  • Physical and Chemical Properties

Quality and Standards

  • Canola Quality in Alaska
  • Quality Assurance for Rape-seed Oil as Vehicle Fuel

  • Quality Standard for Rapeseed Oil
  • National Standard for Rapeseed Oil

Products and Material Safety Data Sheet

  • BioArmor
  • Biodiesel
  • D-TAM™ High Erucic Acid Oil Base
  • Refined Rapeseed Oil 
  • Safety data for rapeseed oil
  • Blown oils
  • Cold-pressed rapeseed oil
  • Refined Rapeseed Oil


  • Canola Oil with Reduced Linolenic Acid
  • Non-Hydrogenated Canola Oil fro Food Applications
  • Protein Extraction from Canola Oil seed Meal
  • Brassica napus plants which produce non-hydrogenated canola oil for food applications
  • Flotation of Lead Sulfides Using Rapeseed Oil
  • Composition, Methods and Apparatus for Protecting Plants From Injury Caused by Frost or Freezing Temperatures
  • Method of Freezing Fishery Products


  • Biodiesel for Transportation
  • Edible oil and oil seeds Value Chain Intervention
  • Cooking Oil and Climate Change
  • Pure Plant Oil: Clean Engine Fuel Today & Tomorrow
  • Well oiled solutions
  • Clean Technologies


  • Biodiesel Production Potential from Industrial Rapeseed in the Southeastern U.S
  • Combustion of Rape-Seed Oil in Diesel Engine
  • High Performance 4-Cycle Lubricants from Canola
  • Life cycle analysis of lubricants from rape seed oil in comparison to conventional lubricants
  • Engineering New Oilseed Crops from Rapeseed
  • Rapeseed Oil as Fuel for Farm Tractors
  • Applicability of used rapeseed oil for production of biodiesel 

Canola Growers Associations

  • Canadian Canola Growers Association
  • Manitoba Canola Growers Association
  • Northern Canola Growers Association
  • Ontario Canola Growers Association
  • Saskatchewan Canola Growers Association


  • Canola, Canola Meal and DDGS Market Analysis Updates (Nov 2005) 

  • Canola: Good for the Heart, Engine & Planet 
  • Issues and Potential Market Impacts for Australia
  • Canola supply expected to double on health demand
  • Raisio completes potato sale; supplies rapeseed oil for Biofuel
  • Biofuel demand swells edible oil prices in China


  • Assessment of Biodiesel Feed stocks in Oregon
  • Oil Seed Rape by Oil Seed Rape Area Size Group (Hectares) & Region, County/Unitary Authority 2003 June Agricultural Census 
  • Supplies of rape and colza
  • Canola India Report
  • Rapeseed Oil Used as Fuel Causes Extremely High Cancer Risk
  • Canola Oil Report


  • Biodiesel Fuel Production from Rape Seed Oil in Mongolia

  • Canola Oil Fuel Cell Demonstration
  • Canola-based Motor Oils
  • Leaking Tank Experiments with Orimulsion™ and Canola Oil


  • Troika Solvent Extraction Plants
  • Aum Solvent Extraction Plants
  • Mechanical soybean and canola oil extraction plant and storage bins for meals
  • Crown/Schumacher


  • Ara Sales Company
  • Buchanan Trading Inc
  • Canola Oil Suppliers Directory
  • Exporters of Rapeseed Oil
  • Greenea
  • Rapeseed Oil Manufacturers
  • Rapeseed Oil Selling Leads


  • Rapeseed Oil Buyers List - 1
  • Rapeseed Oil Buyers List - 2
  • Rapeseed Oil Buyers List - 3
  • Rapeseed Oil Buyers List - 4
  • Foreign Importers & Buyers


  • Canola Oil - Optimal Breathing
  • Canola Oil Reactivity Hazards
  • Canola - Canada's Oil Spill Onto The American Market
  • False Claims About Canola Oil
  • Say "NO" to Canola Oil
  • The Dangers of Can-ugly Oil
  • Beware of Canola Oil


  • Rapeseed - Commodity Information Sheet
  • Canola Growers Manual
  • Production Guidelines

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