Oil & Gas Storage Tank Protection
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Information  at a Glance Contents on the CD ROM
  • Oil and gas storage sites are part of the landscape in many communities and an important component of vast system of oil and gas exploration and production
  • Safer design features used in the downstream, refining sector would likely prevent tank
    explosions at sites. These include the use of vents fitted with pressure-vacuum devices,
    flame arrestors, vapor recovery systems, floating roofs or an equivalent alternative.
  • An underground storage tank (UST) system is a tank (or a combination of tanks) and connected underground piping having at least 10 percent of their combined volume underground. The tank system includes the tank, underground connected piping, underground ancillary equipment, and any containment system. The federal UST regulations apply only to UST systems storing either petroleum or certain hazardous substances.
  • Natural gas is most commonly stored in underground facilities under pressure. These facilities are depleted aquifers, salt caverns and oil or gas fields or both. In above ground facilities, natural gas is stored in gas or liquid form.
  •  For tank storage firms, the risk of a lightning-induced fire event is too potentially damaging to bear. Floating tank storage facilities that have millions of dollars’ worth of product can be destroyed with a single spark. Even worse is the downtime such an event will cause: a possibly lengthy period of investigation and reconstruction that impacts a storage facility’s ability to deliver product to market and generate revenue
  • Corrosion Is One Of The Biggest Problems In The Oil And Gas Industry Worldwide
  • Cathodic protection is an electrochemical means of corrosion prevention technique which uses the electrochemical properties of metals to
    insure that the structure to be protected becomes the cathode of an electrolytic cell
  • Carbon steel tanks, used to store flammable liquids, can with withstand with low and high temperature without melting or cracking and offer better strength than others.
  • FRP tank oil storage market segment is likely to be worth over 3 billion in 2025. It offers corrosion resistance, high strength to weight ration and light weight. Steel tank segment would witness growth . It is mainly used to store petroleum products.
  • Market research analysts predict that the global oil and gas storage service market will grow steadily during the next four years and post an impressive revenue of more than USD 13 billion by 2020
  • Increasing crude production coupled with declining price will drive the oil storage market in the near future. U.S., Asia Pacific China and India have planned over USD 35 billion investments to build storage capacity.
  • U.S. oil storage market share was valued at 62.8 Million cubic meters and in terms of revenue, is predicted to witness a gain by 4.5% in 2025
  • The government of India is planning to set up three 5 MMT strategic crude oil reserves in Mangalore, Padur and Visakhapatnam to ensure energy security which may boost the demand for storage tanks. According to National Bureau of Statistics, Asia had nearly 191 million barrel of crude in its strategic petroleum reserves as of 2015.
  • Oil storage is used by private companies or particular governments to store crude inventories to maintain national security and safeguard the economy during energy crisis. Increasing production rate will favour growth.
  • About Tank Safety
  • The System Integrity of the over-fill protection
  • Storage Tanks - Types & Classification

About Storage Tank Protection Scenario

  • Cathodic Protection of Storage Tank
  • Hydrogen Gas Storage
  • Heat and Mass Transfer - LPG Storage
  • Modular LNG Tanks
  • Oil & Gas supply chain
  • Breathing losses from low-pressure storage tanks
  • Direct Lightning Strikes
  • Accidents due to lightning strike
  • Lightning Protection
  • Lightning Risk and Storage Tank Protection
  • Pressure Relief - atmospheric or low-pressure storage tank
  • Fire Exposure
  • Ammonia Storage Tank
  • Pressure Relief Devices - Sizing
  • Piping & Equipment protection
  • Protection of Fixed Roof Storage Tanks
  • LPG Storage Tanks
  • Reactive Chemicals Storage Tank
  • Protecting atmospheric storage tanks against vacuum collapse
  • Storage tanks contaminated by flammable residues
  • Large-scale crude oil tanks
  • Large Scale Floating Roof Tanks
  • Emergency Venting

Codes - 650 - several editions, year to year

  • Welded steel tanks for oil storage
  • Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage
  • Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage
  • Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage
  • Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage
  • Welded Steel Tanks for
    Oil Storage
  • Comparison of API650-2008 provisions with FEM analyses

Codes API 520 & API 521

  • Sizing, Selection of Pressure-relieving devices in Refineries
  • Installation of Pressure-relieving devices in Refineries
  • API RP 521 - Corrections

Codes - 620

  • Design and construction of Large, welded, Low-pressure Storage Tanks

Codes - 2000

  • Venting Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks
    Non-refrigerated and Refrigerated
  • Venting Atmospheric and Low-pressure Storage Tanks
  • Venting Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks: Update
  • Sizing tank blanketing regulators
  • Sizing Tank Blanketing Regulators Using the Latest API 2000
  • Pressure Relief Considerations

Project Information

  • Guidelines for Cost estimates
  • Institute for Storage Tank Management
  • Equipment for supplementary spill fire protection
  • Environmental Protection Standards at Petrol Stations
  • Tank Coating Service provider
  • Links to resources

Case Studies

  • The low-impedance path to complete tank safety with Consilium and Lightning Eliminators
  • The Passive Fire Protection
  • Rim Seal Fire
  • Tank Base Protection

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