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Project at a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • Terminalia is a genus of large trees of the flowering plant family, Combretaceae, comprising around 100 species distributed in tropical regions of the world. This genus gets it name from Latin terminus, referring to the fact that the leaves appear at the very tips of the shoots.
  • Trees of this genus are known especially as a source of secondary metabolites, e.g. cyclic triterpenes and their derivatives, flavonoids, tannins, and other aromatics. Some of these substances have antifungal, antibacterial, anti-cancer and hepatoprotective indications.
  • Arjuna bark has been used in Indian medicine for at least 3000 years as a remedy for heart ailments. T.chebula also has been used by this culture as a digestive aid. This species, referred to as "King of Medicine" by Tibetans, is often depicted in the extended palm of Buddha.The E. officinalis/T. chebula/T. belerica herbal combination product is said to have been formulated by Ayurvedic physicians thousands of years ago .
  • T. arjuna's traditional use as a cardiotonic has been confirmed by tlodem research. It also has been used as an aphrodisiac, diuretic, and for earaches. It may play a role as an anti-atherogenic, and has reduced cholesterol. T. belerica has been used in treating liver disorders and as a primary treatment for digestive and respiratory (eg, cough, sore throat) problems. Other uses include the following: as an astringent, laxative,lotion for sore eyes,and retroviral reverse transcriptase inhibitory activity in murine leukemia enzymes. T. chebula is used in Indian medicine to treat digestive problems.
  • Medicinal herbs have been in use in one form or another, under indigenous systems of medicine like Ayurveda,
    Sidha and Unani. India, with its traditional background, needs to increase its share in the world market. But unlike China, India has not been able to capitalize on this herbal wealth by promoting its use in the developed world, despite their renewed interest in herbal medicines.
  • Limba was one of the first species commercially exploited in Congo. It declined in importance
  • Some of the Leading Ayurvedic Medicine Suppliers are Dabur India Ltd., Sri Baidyanath Ayurvedic Bhawan Ltd., Zandu Pharmaceutical Works , The Himalaya Drug Company, Charak Pharmaceuticals , Vicco Laboratories, The Emami Group, Aimil Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
  • Exports of Ayurvedic medicines have reached a value of 100 million dollars a year (about 10% the value of the entire Ayurvedic industry in India). About 60% of this is crude herbs (to be manufactured into products outside India), about 30% is finished product shipped abroad for direct sales to consumers, and the remaining 10% is partially prepared products to be finished in the foreign countries

General Information
  • Asia’s useful trees and plants
  • Brown Terminalia
  • Terminalia arjuna
  • Monogram
  • Terminalia catappa Tropical-Almond
  • Terminalia muelleri Muellers Terminalia
  • Terminalia (plant)


  • Terminalia Products
  • Morpheme Arjuna
  • Terminalia Arjuna Extract
  • Terminalia Arjuna for Heart Support
  • Terminalia bellerica Supplements & Products
  • Haritaki
  • Pankajakasthuri
  • Arjuna Pure Herb Extract


  • Terminalia Species
  • Terminalia Names
  • Terminalia alata
  • Terminalia amazonia
  • Terminalia chebula: An update

Patent and Technology

  • Herbal compositions
  • Use of an Extract of the plant Terminalia Catappa
  • Antioxidant Effects of Aqueous Extract of Terminalia chebula in Vivo and in Vitro
  • Attraction of Female Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, to Terminalia catappa Fruit Extract
  • Cosmetic , Dermatological and Pharmaceutical Use of an Extract of Terminalia Catappa
  • Red herbal dentifrice

Plantation and Propagation

  • Terminalia arjuna Propagation
  • Notes on the Roots of Terminalia Arjuna
  • Terminalia catappa  Propagation
  • Terminalia richii Propagation
  • Silver terminalia

Extraction Process

  • Antidiabetic activity of Terminalia catappa Linn fruits
  • Possible mechanisms of hypotension produced 70% alcoholic extract of Terminalia arjuna (L.) in anaesthetized dogs
  • A standardized protocol for genomic DNA isolation from Terminalia arjuna
  • A simple method for isolation of genomic DNA from fresh and dry leaves of Terminalia arjuna
  • The diversity of antifungal compounds of six South African Terminalia species
  • Antihyperglycemic Effect of Water Extract of Dry Fruits of Terminalia Chebula
  • Extraction methods
  • Assessment of biological value of Terminalia catappa seed meal-based diet in rats
Projects and Consultants
  • ACIAR Project
  • Vanaspathi Van Project
  • Ch. Devi Lal Herbal Nature Park
  • Okomu Reserve Forestry Project
  • Terminalia catappa L. leaves on lung cancer cells
  • B C Meikap
  • Maharashtra Forest Seed Centre

Company Profiles

  • Unani Herbalist
  • Phyto Concentrates
  • Mother Herbs
  • Sewaram Jagdish Chander
  • SSS Biotech
  • Surya Herbal Limited


  • Global promotion of herbal medicine: India’s opportunity
  • Market Economy of Medicinal Plants in  Kerala
  • Current Market Prices
  • Trade
  • The Ayurvedic Medicine Industry in India


  • Arjunolic acid: A promising new building block for nanochemistry
  • Drug Development for Cardiovascular Diseases
    from Ayurvedic Plants
  • Two New Oleanane Triterpene Glycosides from the Bark of Terminalia arjuna
  • Clinical Applications
  • Nutritional Potential of the Nut of Tropical Almond
  • Terminalia Uses
  • Terminalia Applications
  • Uses
  • Treatment of Throat and Voice Disorders with Chinese Medicine


  • Antimicrobial Activity of Terminalia Bellerica
  • Influence of host plant (Terminalia arjuna)
    defences on the evolution of feeding behaviour
    in the tasar silkworm
  • Assessment of Tree Resources
  • The Role of Indigenous Knowledge in Forest Management
  • Genetic diversity of the tropical tree Terminalia amazonia
  • Non-timber forest products’ marketing in Nigeria
  • Terminalia ferdinandiana


  • Terminalia Directory
  • Apex International
  • Indian Suppliers
  • Floral Seed Company
  • Gokul International
  • Indo World Trading Corporation
  • Jaysree Herbal Exporters
  • Parker India Group
  • Protek India Herbals
  • Exporters


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