Prunes

Cultivation, Plant Diseases, Recipes & Prune Juice, Reports, Grades & Standards, Market Details,
Importers & Exporters

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  • Botanically speaking, a prune is a plum, but not all plums can become prunes. 
  • A fresh plum variety, known as the prune - plum, is one of the few plum varieties that can be dried without severe fermentation, according to Sunsweet.
  • Technically, only dried plums are called prunes, though the term is commonly applied to fresh plums that can be dried successfully.
  • French prune, is the principal variety produced in California. Despite its name the French prune originated in Western Asia.
  • But it was from France that the first prunes were introduced into California in 1856. 
  • Harvested fresh prunes are delivered by the grower to dehydrators where the fruit is mechanically spread on 3-foot by 6-foot wooden drying trays and stacked 26 trays high on small rail cars. 
  • These are rolled into 40-foot long concrete tunnels where the fruit is exposed to hot circulating air to dry. 
  • It takes about 18 hours at 185F to remove about 80 percent of the moisture in prunes.
  • Skins of these fruits can be red, purple, blue-black, green or yellow, and their flesh can be yellow, green, pink or orange.  Prunes are rich in iron and potassium. 
  • They are high in fiber and contain modest amounts of vitamin A, vitamin B3 and vitamin B6.
  • Prunes are a valuable food for anyone suffering from high blood pressure and make an ideal laxative.
  • Wash and pierce skins several times with a fork. No pretreatment is necessary. Drying time is approximately 24 to 36 hours.
  • The test for dryness is the fruit should be pliable and leathery. 
  • The market for prunes can be volatile in both price and demand. Growers do not have control over either of these market components.
  • Market value is estimated price of $800 per dry ton or $0.40 per pound of French prunes is used in this study so that a ranging analysis for different yields and price can be calculated.
  • South American producers have demonstrated $700-900 / dry ton creates planting incentives.
General
  • Commodity Foods
  • Cover Crops for Prunes
  • Plum Fruit
  • Prunes and Plums
  • Prunes - Botanical Details
  • Plum to Prune
  • Crop Profile 
  • Prunes

Cultivation Details

  • Growing Prunes
  • Modified Atmosphere
  • Plum & Prune Trees
  • Prune Orchard - Sample Cost 1997
  • Prune Orchard - Sample Cost 1998
  • Cultivation & Uses
  • Prunus Domestica
  • Plums
  • Annual Checklist
  • Prune Orchard - Fertilization

Plant Diseases

  • Black Knot
  • Pesticides Database
  • Pest Management Strategic Plan
  • Pesticide Data Program - Commodity Fact Sheet

Recipes & Prune Juice

  • Budji Werri Prunes
  • Pork Rolles Prunes
  • Prune in Roast Goose
  • Prunes - Orange Yogurt Scones
  • Stuffed Prune
  • Prune Juice - Characterization
  • Prune Juice -Potassium
  • Prune Juice Concentrate
  • Flavor
Reports
  • California - Dried Fruits
  • California Prune Board - Evaluation
  • Chile - Dried Fruit Gain Report 2005
  • Argentina - Dried Fruit Gain Report
  • France - Dried Fruit Gain Report
  • Commodity Fact Sheet
  • NASA News
  • Post Harvest - QM Guide
  • Commodity Profile - Nov 2003
  • Commodity Profile - Dec 2005
  • Technical Bulletin

Equipments
  • Dehydrators
  • Sunsweet Dryers
   

Grades & Standards
  • US std - Dried Prunes
  • US std - Fresh Plus & Prunes - 2004
  • UNECE std - Quality Control
  • US std - Fresh Plums & Prunes - 1973
Companies 
  • British Prune Industries
  • Sunsweet Prunes
  • National Raisin Company
  • Sunsweet Products

Market Details
  • Production & Price
  • Price Increase
  • Price Schedule - Dried Prunes
  • Export - California Fresh Prunes
  • California Commodity Data
  • Commodity Data Sheet 1997
  • Commodity Data Sheet 1998
  • World Market Outlook
  • Cutting Cost in Production
  • Import Statistics of Prunes
  • Statistics - Plums & Prunes
  • Washington Market Price
  • US & World Situation
  • Price Schedules
  • Import Requirements - Prune
  • Prune Outlook
  • German Market Study

Importers & Exporters
  • Trade Leads
  • Selling Prune - Sunsweet
  • Exporters of Dried Plums
  • Top Dried Plum Exporters & Importers - 1997 - 2004
  • Top Dried Plum Exporters & Importers - 1997 - 2002
  • Trade Leads - Dried Prunes
  • Importers - Exporters
  • Buyers - Prunes
  • Buyers
  • Selling Leads, Buyers
  • Prune Fruit - Price List
  • Dried Prune - Price List

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