Ammonium Chloride
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  • Ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) is, in its pure form, a clear white water-soluble crystalline salt of ammonia.
  • Ammonium chloride is prepared commercially by reacting ammonia (NH3) with hydrogen chloride
  • In nature, the substance occurs in volcanic regions, forming on volcanic rocks near fume-releasing vents.
  • Ammonium chloride is obtained as a by-product in different chemical processes, particularly  for production of sodium carbonate from sodium chloride, ammonia, carbon dioxide and water. Another easily available raw material is ammonium sulfate.
  • Ammonium chloride, NH4Cl, also known as oronain, is a byproduct in co-production of soda ash as well as a quick-acting physiological acidic nitrogen fertilizer with a normal nitrogen content of 22%~25%.
  • By far the largest share of ammonium chloride made for use as fertilizer is produced in  plants modified for soda production. After separating the sodium bicarbonate, ammonium chloride is crystallized out of the remaining solution by additional process stages, thus obviating the need for the usual ammonia recovery with its attendant yield of relatively useless calcium chloride, and instead ammonium chloride fertilizer is obtained as a by-product.
  • Ammonium chloride is used as an expectorant, diuretic and systemic acidifying agent. It is used in the treatment of severe metabolic alkalosis, to maintain the urine at an acid pH in the treatment of some urinary-tract disorders or in forced acid diuresis.
  • Ammonium chloride is used in etching in manufacture of printed circuits, as a fire extinguisher, an explosive in mineral winning and as a curing agent in formaldehyde-based adhesives.
  • Other uses include a feed supplement for cattle, in hair shampoo, in textile printing, in the glue that bonds plywood, as an ingredient in nutritive media for yeast, in cleaning products, and as cough medicine.
  • In modern times it found use as an electrolyte for dry-cell batteries and as a fertilizer for use when growing rice.
  • It is also sold in blocks at hardware stores for use in cleaning the tip of a soldering iron and can also be included in solder as flux.
  • Ammonium chloride is mainly applied in pharmaceutical, dry cell, textile, printing and dyeing, fertilizer, tannage, detergent electroplating,  and some other industries.
  • India exported recently ammonium chloride worth USD 28 millions with total quantity of 16000 tons. United States is the largest buyer of ammonium chloride accounting followed by Netherlands and Belgium
Basics
  • Ammonium Chloride Project profile
Process
  • Process in Details
  • Soda Ash - production process
  • Analysis of Ammonium Chloride production process
  • Production process outline
  • Diffusion of gases ammonia and hydrogen chloride
  • Urea, Soda & Ammonium Chloride
Standards
  • International codex standard
  • Indian standard - fertilizer grade
  • Fertilizer grade analysis
  • Product specification
Company Information
  • Chinese company - Major player
  • Company in China - Financials
  • Chinese company - financial results
  • Company profile - Hyderabad
  • Large company - China
  • Company in China - with technology
  • Technology Company in China
  • Chinese company - annual report - 2011
  • Chinese company - annual report - 2014
  • Company - Chinese performance
  • Chinese company profile
  • Chinese Company - Production data
  • Company profile
  • Company profile
  • Company profile
  • Company profile
  • US Company - profile
  • Fertilizer production companies - USA
  • Company in Tamil Nadu
  • Russian Company - annual report - 2012
  • Company - India
Sources of Technology 
  • Project engineering consultant - India
  • Equipment & Technology provider - China
  • Research Institute - China
Prices & Products
  • Company Catalogue, products, prices & guide
  • Chinese price watch
  • Price List - India
  • Company catalogue - price list
  • Company prices - Netherlands
  • Consultant - cost analysis
  • Consultant - Market place
Packaging
  • Ammonium chloride storage Tank
  • Ammonium Chloride properties & Baging
  • MSDS - Handling storage
  • MSDS - Label elements, safety, exposure
  • MSDS - Handling, storage & transportation
  • Product data sheet
Exports & Imports  - (Volume, Prices & Destinations)
  • Recent Detailed export data from India
  • Imports into India
  • Indian Exports - 2016
  • Analysis of exports
  • Imports data - 2016
  • Detailed Import Data of ammonium chloride industry grade
  • Imports - Industry grade
Consultants
  • Consultant -
     Environment & Corrosion
  • Consultant - market reports
  • Consultant - Chinese Ammonium chloride Industry
  • Market research consultant
  • Consultant - Project reports
Environment Aspects
  • SIDS Initial Assessment Report - Japanese company
  • Reregistration Eligibility Decision for Alkyl Dimethyl Benzyl Ammonium Chloride
  • Environment assessment - Switzerland company
  • Environment impact assessment - Gujarat company
  • Environment Impact Authority
  • Environment Impact study report - company in Gujarat
  • Environment complaisance report - company in Bhopal
  • Ammonium chloride Fume - Hazard
  • Environment issues - Deepwater Oil & Gas Operations

Applications & Market Scenario

  • Soda Ash - Growth Prospects
  • Ammonia Production capacity - China
  • Environmental
    Assessment for
    International Agreements
  • Techno-economic Analysis

Equipments & Turnkey Providers

  • Project Contractor - China
  • Domestic and international EPC-LSTK / EPCM projects Contractor - India
  • Flash dryer
  • Know-how & Turnkey offer
  • Chinese chemical plants
  • USA Plants
  • Powder Plants
Suppliers and Buyers
  • Company in India - distributor
  • Australian Distributor
  • Safety data - company in USA
  • Supplier - Canada
  • Distributor - USA
  • Links about Exporter
  • List of buyers
  • List of suppliers

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