Butyl Lithium
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  • Butyl lithium may refer to one of three isomeric organolithium reagents used in chemical synthesis: n-Butyl lithium, sec-Butyl lithium, tert-Butyl lithium.
  • n-Butyllithium (abbreviated n-BuLi) is an organolithium reagent. It is widely used as a polymerization initiator in the production of elastomers such as polybutadiene or styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS).
  • Butyllithium is commercially available as solutions (15%, 25%, 2 M, 2.5 M, 10 M, etc.) in alkanes such as pentane, hexanes, and heptanes. Solutions in diethyl ether and THF can be prepared, but are not stable enough for storage.
  • Although it is a colourless liquid, n-butyllithium is usually encountered as a pale yellow solution in alkanes.
  • n-BuLi exists as a cluster both in the solid state and in a solution. The tendency to aggregate is common for organolithium compounds. The aggregates are held together by delocalized covalent bonds between lithium and the terminal carbon of the butyl chain.
  • The standard preparation for n-BuLi is reaction of 1-bromobutane or 1-chlorobutane with Li metal.
  • If the lithium used for above reaction contains 1-3% sodium, the reaction proceeds more quickly than if pure lithium is used. Solvents used for this preparation include benzene, cyclohexane, and diethyl ether.
  • One of the most useful chemical properties of n-BuLi is its ability to deprotonate a wide range of weak Brønsted acids. t-Butyl lithium and s-butyl lithium are more basic.
  • Butyl lithium reacts with some organic bromides and iodides in an exchange reaction to form the corresponding organo lithium derivative.
  • sec-Butyl lithium is an organo metallic compound with the formula CH3CHLiCH2CH3, abbreviated sec-BuLi or s-BuLi. This chiral organo lithium reagent is used as a source of sec-butyl carbanion in organic synthesis.
  • sec-BuLi react with carbonyl compounds and esters to form alcohols. With copper(I) iodide sec-BuLi forms lithium di-sec-butylcuprates.
  • tert-Butyl lithium is a chemical compound with the formula (CH3)3CLi. As an organo metallic compound, it has applications in organic synthesis (see also Grignard reaction) since it is a sufficiently strong base to deprotonate many carbon acids, including benzene.
  • A common use of simple commercially available organolithium compounds (like n-BuLi, sec-BuLi, t-BuLi) is as very strong bases.
  • N-Butyl lithium.
  • Sec-Butyl lithium.
  • Tert-Butyl lithium.
  • Properties.
  • Overview.


  • N-Butyl lithium MSDS.
  • N-Butyl lithium in n-hexane MSDS.
  • MSDS of n-butyl lithium.
  • Material Safety Sheet of Butyl lithium.
  • Butyl lithium solution Safety Sheet.
  • BuLi soultion in Cyclohexane msds.
  • Safety Sheet of n-butyl lithium.
  • N-BuLi, 1.6M solution in hexanes.
  • N-Butyl lithium data sheet.
  • MSDS of n-butyl lithium in hexane.
  • Sec-butyl lithium 12% in hexane.
  • Sec-BuLi, 1.3 M in cyclohexane.
  • MSDS of sec-BuLi Solution.
  • Safety Sheet of t-butyl lithium in heptane.


  • N-Butyl lithium in heptane(24% solution).
  • N-Butyl lithium (15%/23% W/W in hexane).
  • Sec-Butyl lithium in Cyclohexane.
  • Tert-Butyl lithium in heptane.


  • Tert-butyl lithium fatality.
  • Risk Assessment Form.
  • Procedures for safe use of pyrophoric reagents.
  • Butyl lithium.
  • Toxicity of butyl lithium.
  • Handling guide of butyl lithium.


  • An Efficient Method for Synthesis of PEO-based macromonomer.
  • Tert-butyl lithium in organic synthesis.
  • Organolithium Reagents Titration.
  • Process of  Organolithium reagents.


  • Preparation of aryl lithium compounds by metalation.
  • Hydrocarbon solvent solutions of complexes of n-butyl lithium.
  • Production of alkyl lithium compounds by using reduced pressure.
  • Process & catalyst for the block copolymerization of polar monomers.
  • Preparation of 2-substituted pyridines.
  • Method for producing high-vinyl diene rubbers and use thereof to produce high-vinyl diene rubbers.
  • Stable lithium diisoproptlamide and method of preparation.
  • Trimethylsilyl acetylene compounds and their use in the preparation of daunomycinone derivatives.
  • Suppliers from India.
  • China Suppliers.
  • Suppliers from Japan.
  • Germany suppliers.
  • Suppliers from USA.

Raw material suppliers

  • Lithium.
  • 1-Chlorobutane.
  • 1-Bromobutane.

Company profiles

  • Company1 profile from China.
  • Company2 profile from China.
  • Company3 profile from China.
  • Company4 profile from China.
  • Company1 from India.
  • Company2 from India.
  • Company3 from India.


  • Consultancy from California.
  • Consultancy from Canada.
  • Consultancy from Singapore.
  • Consultancy from UK.


  • Asymmetric anionic ring-opening polymerization of Octadecyl Lipoate with n-Butyl lithium.
  • Analysis of an asymmetric addition with a 2-1 mixed lithium.
  • Preparation of organolithium reagents and intermediates.
  • Selective monolithiation of 2,5-dibromopyridine with butyl lithium.
  • N-Butyllithium mediated ortholithiatins of aryl oxazolines.
  • Synthesis of base-catalyzed phenyl modified copolymers.
  • Chemistry of marine furanocembranoids and related natural products.


  • N-butyl lithium as a powerful and selective reducing agent.
  • Lithiation of 2-(chloroaryl)-2-aryl-1,3-dioxolanes with butyl lithium.
  • Lithium atom exchange in solid tert-butyl lithium.
  • Monomer-selective living copolymerization of butyl acrylate.
  • Preparation of (z)-2-lithio-ortho-styryllithium via on ortho-directed lithiation.
  • Structure of n-butyl lithium in mixtures of ethers and diamines.
  • A study of t-butyl lithium initiated polymerization of butadiene.

Market & Uses

  • Market Demands of Lithium.
  • Organolithium reagent uses.

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