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Project @ a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • Gluconic acid is an organic compound with molecular formula C6H12O7 and condensed structural formula HOCH2(CHOH)4COOH.
  • In aqueous solution at neutral pH, gluconic acid forms the gluconate ion.
  • The salts of gluconic acid are known as "gluconates". Gluconic acid and gluconate salts occur widely in nature because such species arise from
    the oxidation of glucose.
  • Gluconate esters can also be formed, such as quinine gluconate which is used for intramuscular injection in the treatment of malaria.
  • Gluconic acid is a polyhydroxycarboxylic acid with six carbon length. It is derived from glucose by oxidation of the aldehyde group on the C-1 to a carboxyl group.
  • In aqueous solution, gluconic acid exists in equilibrium with the cyclic ester Glucono delta lactone.
  • Gluconic acid is a noncorrosive, nonvolatile, nontoxic, mild organic acid. It imparts a refreshing sour taste in many food items such as wine,
    fruit juices, etc.
  • Sodium gluconate as a high sequestering power.
  • Aqueous solutions of sodium gluconate are resistant to oxidation and reduction at high temperatures. It is an efficient plasticizer and a highly efficient set retarder.
  • There are different approaches available for the production of gluconic acid, namely, chemical, electrochemical, biochemical and bioelectrochemical.
  • Commercially the physiological d-form gluconic acid is prepared by fermentation process.
  • Glucose is generally used as carbon source for microbial production of gluconic acid.
  • Gluconic acid is produced from glucose through a simple dehydrogenation reaction catalysed by glucose oxidase.
  • Gluconic acid production is an extremely oxygen- consuming process with a high oxygen demand for the bioconversion reaction, which is strongly influenced by the dissolved oxygen concentration.
  • Production of gluconic acid is directly linked with the glucose oxidase activity. Depending on the application, the fermentation broths containing sodium gluconate or calcium gluconate are produced by the addition of solutions of sodium hydroxide or calcium carbonate
    respectively, for neutralisation.
  • Gluconic acid is a mild organic acid, which finds applications in the food industry.
  • It is used in meat and dairy products, particularly in baked goods as a component of leavening agent for preleavened products.
  • It is used as a flavouring agent and it also finds application in reducing fat absorption in doughnuts and cones.
  • Gluconic Acid
  • Gluconic Acid Product Identification
  • Gluconic Acid Solution

Production and Properties

  • Continuous gluconic acid production by Aureobasidium pullulans with and without biomass retention
  • A Hybrid neural model for the production of sorbitol and gluconic acid using immobilized Zymomonas mobilis cells
  • A Kinetic Model for Gluconic Acid Production by Aspergillus niger
  • Gluconic Acid: Properties, Applications and Microbial Production
  • Organic Acid Production by Filamentous Fungi
  • The production of Gluconic acid by the Penicillium Luteum-Purpurogenum GroupI
  • The Metabolism of Gluconic Acid


  • Polarimetric determination of Gluconic Acid
  • Extraction of Gluconic Acid with Organic Solutions of Alamine 336
  • Formation of Arabinose, Ribulose and Tartronic Acid from 2-Keto-D-gluconic Acid
  • Synthesis of L-( )-Tartaric Acid from L-Ascorbic Acid via 5-Keto-D-Gluconic Acid in Grapes
  • Glucose oxidation over supported gold catalysts
  • Reaction products from ozonation of dissolved carbohydrates
  • Redox enzyme glucose oxidase initiated synthesis of polypyrrole

Company Profiles

  • Company in Denmark
  • Company in USA
  • Company in Basel
  • Company in Gujarat
  • Another Company in Gujarat


  • Enzymatic production of gluconic acid or its salts
  • Gluconic Acid Production
  • Process for gluconic acid production
  • Process for the production of gluconic acid with a strain of Aureobasidium pullulans (de bary) Arnaud
  • Electrodialysis methods for purification and recovery of gluconic acid derivatives
  • Process for obtaining sorbitol and gluconic acid or gluconate
  • Process for the conversion of glucose into gluconic acid
  • Method of using gluconic acid or gluconolactone for treating wrinkles
  • Bioconversion of waste office paper to gluconic acid in a turbine
  • Argonne and partners help biorefineries compete with oil refineries
  • Modelling Design of Multiphase Bubble-Bed Reactors for Advanced Food-Industry Applications
  • Glucose Biosensor: Operation and Fabrication
  • Technology: Gluconic Acid
Products and Applications
  • D-Gluconic Acid
  • D-Gluconic acid sodium salt 
  • Gluconic Acid Uses
  • Stimulation of Butyrate Production by Gluconic Acid in Batch Culture of Pig
    Cecal Digesta and Identification of Butyrate-Producing Bacteria
  • Effect of gluconic acid on piglet growth performance, intestinal microflora, and intestinal wall morphology

Project and Consultants
  • Gluconic Acid Project
  • Manufacturing and usage of DNA microarrays for the investigation of the carbon metabolism and its regulation in Gluconobacter oxydans
  • Expert in Fermentation, Biotechnology, and Fine Chemical Products - Production and Purification
  • Consultants in California

Material Safety Data Sheet
  • Gluconic Acid (50% in H2O)
  • Calcium Gluconate Gel
  • Gluconic Acid 50%
  • D-Gluconic Acid Kit
  • Glucono-delta-lactone
  • Dial Surgical Scrub
  • D-Gluconic Acid Hemimagnesium

  • CSM sells US gluconic acid business
  • Changes in gluconic acid, polyols and major volatile compounds in sherry wine during aging with submerged flor yeast cultures
  • Gluconic Acid and Derivatives
  • SIDS Initial Assessment Profile

  • Gluconic Acid Suppliers of India
  • Exporters of Gluconic Acid
  • Gluconic Acid Suppliers
  • Gluconic acid Worldwide Suppliers

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