Synthetic Rutile                                                                             
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Project at a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • Synthetic rutile was first produced in 1948 and is sold under a variety of names.
  • Very pure synthetic rutile is transparent and almost colorless (slightly yellow) in large pieces.
  • Synthetic rutile can be made in a variety of colors by doping, although the purest material is almost colorless.
  • The chemical formula of synthetic rutile is TiO2, and it crystallizes in the tetragonal system in boules similar to those of synthetic
  • Synthetic rutile is manufactured through the upgrading of ilmenite ore to remove impurities and yield a feedstock for production of titanium tetrachloride through the chloride process.
  • Synthetic rutile concentrates are com posed of very fine crystals and are porous, whereas natural rutile grains a recomposed of single
  • The development of processes to produce synthetic rutile was necessitated by the small quantity of economic reserves of natural rutile
  • Rutile is seldom used in jewellary because it is not very hard (scratch-resistant), measuring only about 6 on the Mohs hardness scale.
  • Since 1977, Kerr-McGee Chemical Corp oration has produced synthetic rutile at its mobile, Alabama plant; it is the only U.S. producer of synthetic rutile today.
  • Synthetic rutile prices have risen more strongly, up by around 12%, and ilmenite prices have increased by around 8%.
  • Synthetic rutile is the starting material for the production of titanium tetrachloride, titanium metal and titanium dioxide.
  • Synthetic Rutile is used for chloride route Pigment production and also for the production of Titanium Sponge/Metal.
  • Indian Synthetic Rutile Plants are based on reduction roasting followed by acid leaching with or without generation of hydrochloric acid.
  • The CMRL, which began production at its 10,000 tpy synthetic rutile plant in Kerala in 1990, has gradually raised the production capacity to around 36,000 tpy in 2005-06 for exports.
  • Synthetic rutile is used for coating welding electrodes and for manufacture of titanium tetrachloride which in turn is used in making titanium sponge.
  • Synthetic rutile made from ilmenite can be substituted for natural rutile.
  • Synthetic rutile or slag is likely to be used as feed in increasing amount.
  • The process of converting ilmenite to synthetic rutile generates 0.7 tons of waste per ton of product, and the chloride process generates about 0.2 tons of waste per ton of TiO2 product using rutile as a feedstock.
  • Two commercial systems are in current use for production of the world's synthetic rutile, namely: The well-documented Becher process, as used extensively in Western Australia, and The Benilite process, used in India, Malaysia and the USA, which involves leaching treated ilmenite with hot hydrochloric acid under pressure.
  • Synthetic rutile is manufactured using ilmenite feed to create an upgraded titanium dioxide product.
  • Iluka is the world’s largest producer of synthetic rutile, accounting for approximately 66% of global production in past years.
  • Synthetic rutile or upgraded ilmenite, is a chemically modifi ed ilmenite that has had most of the ferrous, non-titanium components removed and is suitable for use in the chloride pigment process.
  • Ilmenite ores are also upgraded into “Synthetic Rutile” products containing 92-95wt.% TiO2 by processes consisting in the leaching of ilmenite ores with mineral acids.
General Information
  • About synthetic rutile
  • Synthetic Rutile general information

Process & Production

  • Mining and Processing
  • The Austpac ERMS and EARS Processes for the Manufacture of High-Grade Synthetic Rutile by the Hydrochloric Acid Leaching of Ilmenite
  • Technical considerations and viability of higher titania slag
    feedstock for the chloride process
  • Synthetic Rutile
  • Synthetic Rutile Generalized Process Description
  • Synthetic Rutile Production from Murray Basin Ilmenite by the Austpac ERMS Process
  • Activity of production of synthetic rutile
  • An overview on the production of pigment grade titania from titania-rich slag

Studies & Analysis

  • The Effect of Heat Treatment on Titania Slag
  • An experimental study of OH solubility in rutile at 500–900 °C, 0.5–2 GPa, and a range of
    oxygen fugacities
  • The structure and origin of Fe-bearing platelets in metamorphic rutile
  • Solubility of hydrogen and ferric iron in rutile and TiO2 (II): Implications for phase assemblages during ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism and for the stability of silica polymorphs in the lower mantle
  • Coupled substitution of H and minor elements in rutile and the implications of high OH contents in Nb- and Cr-rich rutile from the upper mantle
  • Green evaluation of microwave-assisted leaching process of high titanium slag on life cycle assessment
  • Hydrogen and minor element incorporation in synthetic rutile

Company Profiles

  • Company from Australia
  • Company from Cochin
  • Company from Europe
  • Company from India


  • Consultancy from Australia
  • Consultancy from Dubai
  • Consultancy from China
  • Consultancy from Canada
  • Consultancy from US
  • Consultancy from Finland
  • Consultancy from Australia
  • Consultancy from United Kingdom
  • Consultancy from Australia
  • Consultancy from bhubaneswar

Plant from Australia

  • Plant 1
  • Plant 2
  • Plant 3
  • Plant 4
  • Plant 5
  • Plant 6


  • Plant from Gujarat
  • Plant from Kerala
  • Plant from South Africa
  • Plant from US
  • Plant from Miami


  • Synthetic Rutile suppliers
  • Synthetic Rutile suppliers and manufacturers
  • Synthetic Rutile Selling Leads
  • Synthetic Rutile Exporters


  • Production of synthetic rutile
  • Production of synthetic rutile by continuous leaching
  • Method of preparing a synthetic rutile from a titaniferous slag containing magnesium values
  • Process for producing a synthetic rutile from ilmenite
  • Process for purifying a titanium-bearing material and upgrading ilmenite to synthetic rutile with sulfur trioxide
  • Process for the production of synthetic rutile
  • Process for enrichment of anatase mechanical concentrates in order to obtain synthetic rutile with low contents of rare earth and radioactive elements
  • Process of producing synthetic rutile from titaniferous product having a high reduced titanium oxide content
  • Synthetic rutile composition
  • Manufacture of Synthetic Rutile


  • Synthetic moissanite: A new man-made jewel
  • Synthetics and simulants
  • Titanium

Material Safety Data Sheet

  • Upgraded Beneficiated Ilmenite
  • Ilmenite Sand
  • Capel Synthetic Rutile Premium Grade
  • Ilmenite - Material Safety Data Sheet


  • Formation and properties of single crystals of synthetic rutile
  • Surface character and membranolytic activity of rutile and anatase: two titanium dioxide polymorphs
  • Characterization of Ilmenite from Kerala Coastline, India:
    Implications in the Production of Synthetic Rutile


  • Ilmenite & Rutile
  • Mineral Sands Industry Overview
  • Electro Smelting of ilmenite for production of Tio2 slag

Project & Report

  • Iluka resources limited - Synthetic Rutile Plant waste heat recovery power generation plant
  • Tiwest mineral sands development synthetic rutile plant project
  • Duplication of synthetic rutile capacity westralian sands capel
  • RRL, Trivandrum transfers major Environment- friendly
    Synthetic Rutile Technology to CMRL
  • Synthetic Rutile Plant Muchea
  • Quarterly production report
  • Proposed Synthetic rutile plant expansion
  • Synthetic Rutile Plant report
  • Ilmenite marketing
  • Synthetic Rutile plant at chandala

Raw Material  & Equipment Suppliers

  • Ilmenite ore Suppliers
  • Ilmenite ore Exporters
  • Measuring Moisture in synthetic rutile (titanium dioxide)
  • Filtration Equipment
  • Rutile Mineral Crusher

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Primary Information Services
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