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Project @ a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • The term stone fruit can be a synonym for "drupe" or, more typically, it can mean just the fruit of the Prunus species. Many stone fruits contain sorbitol, which can exacerbate conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome and fructose malabsorption.
  • Peaches, nectarines, plums, apricots and cherries are called stone fruits because they have a hard, stony pit. They can be eaten fresh, or saved for future enjoyment by canning, preserving, freezing, or drying. Sour cherries are most often used in pies.
  • A drupe is a type of fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a shell (the pit or stone) of hardened endocarp with a seed inside. These fruits develop from a single carpel, and mostly from flowers with superior ovaries. The definitive characteristic of a drupe is that the hard, lignified stone (or pit) is derived from the ovary wall of the flower.
  • Stone fruit production in selected countries in 1998 is estimated at about 13.8 million tons, 2 percent below the 1997 output. Smaller stone fruit crops in 1998 in the United States, Spain, France, Argentina, and Chile offset larger stone fruit crops in China and Italy. Japan produced 20,800 metric tons of sweet cherries in 2006, of
    which the majority was a reddish-yellow type, similar to the U.S. grown Rainier variety.
  • Generally there are two types of apricot, namely, sweet kernel type and bitter kernel type. The USA variety Nugget is self-fruitful and bears sweet and attractive colored fruits. Many cultivars of sweet cherry have been introduced from Europe, USSR and British Columbia.
  • Peach is normally grafted on wild peach seedlings, plum and even on apricot. Wild peach produced healthy and high-yielding plants. For controlling tree size, apricot rootstocks which impart dwarfing may be used. For harvesting peach at the right time, the proper color development in fruits and pit browning are considered as reliable guides.
  • Low winter temperatures hamper the growing of stone fruits in Northern States. Some fruit buds of peaches, nectarines, and Japanese plums are usually killed by temperatures below 0F and a reduced crop results. Lower temperatures damage or may kill the trees. European and native plums, cherries and apricots are hardier in fruit bud and wood than peaches or Japanese plums.
  • Stone fruit trees should not be planted in a low or frosty location, where frost damage to blossoms and young fruits is probable. Moderately elevated ground or a slope will provide the necessary air drainage. Temperatures below 30F will kill most fruits.
  • In the Southern Hemisphere, Chile is the major exporter of stone fruit. Of all selected country stone fruit exports in 1998, peach and nectarine shipments comprise more than a 70 percent share, by volume, followed by plums and prunes at 17 percent. France, the United States, Italy, and Brazil are major stone fruit importers, accounting for more than 60 percent of selected country imports in 1998.
 General Information
  • Drupe
  • Stone Fruit
  • Stone Fruit Varieties for Milder Climates
  • Apples

Growing Conditions

  • Growing Fruit Trees
  • Growth Stages in Fruit Trees
  • Fruit and Shoot Growth
  • Growing Stone Fruits in Minnesota Home Gardens
  • Storage Temperatures for Stone Fruits
  • Clonal and Sanitary Selection
  • Climate Puts Limits on What You Can Raise
  • Dry Season Information

Production of Stone Fruits

  • Stone Fruit Production in the Home Garden
  • Deciduous Fruit Production in India
  • The Stone Fruit Industry in the Mediterranean Region
  • Deciduous Fruit Production in Asia and the Pacific
  • Leaf Analysis for Quality in Stone fruit

Pests Affecting Stone Fruits

  • Green June Beetle
  • Green stink bug
  • Plum Curculio
  • Japanese beetles
  • Oriental Fruit Moth
  • Stethorus Punctum
  • Tarnished Plant Bug
  • Western Flower Thrips
  • Stone Fruit Insects

Diseases affecting Stone Fruits

  • Black Knot of Stone Fruits
  • Common Diseases of Stone Fruit
  • Rust of stone fruit
  • Plum Pox Potyvirus Disease of Stone Fruits
  • Apple Fruit Diseases Appearing at Harvest 
  • Brown rot of Stone Fruits
  • Phytophthora Root and Crown Rots

Control Management

  • Strategies to Control Virus and Virus-like Diseases
  • Avoiding Armillaria Root Rot
  • Nematode Management
  • Chemical Control of Weeds
  • Insect control for stone fruits in the home orchard 

Company Profiles

  • Direct Produce Supplies PLC
  • Omega Ingredients
  • Australian Pure Fruits
  • Whole Foods Market


  • Index of Accredited Consultant 'Qualified Persons'
  • Expert Witness
  • Consultants List
  • Australian Culinary Consultants
  • Hugh Campbell


  • Process for Preparing Powdered Fruit
  • Postharvest Biological Control of Stone Fruit Brown Rot by Bacillus Subtilis
  • Method for Decontaminating a Drupe
  • Destoning and Simultaneously Filling a Drupe
  • Process for Inhibiting Browning of Fruit
  • Process for the Production of Fruit Polyphenols from Unripe Rosaceae Fruit


  • Molecular Diagnostic Techniques and their Potential Role in Stone Fruit
  • Stone Fruit Situation and Outlook in Selected Countries
  • Postharvest Quality in fresh Market Stone Fruits
  • The U.S. and World Situation: Stone Fruits
  • Contribution of Developing Countries to World Trade
  • Stone Fruit Production by State
  • Tasmanian Stone Fruit Industry
  • Hong Kong Stone Fruit Market Overview
  • Evolving Global Marketplace For Fruits and Vegetables


  • Chile Annual Report
  • Stone Fruits Report
  • China, Peoples Republic of Stone Fruit Annual Report
  • Japan Annual Report
  • Pest Risk Analysis for Stone Fruit from New Zealand into Western Australia 
  • Cornell Releases Four New Stone Fruits
  • Korea Fresh Stone Fruit Report


  • Growing Cherries on Dwarfing Rootstocks, Plums and Peaches as Alternate Crops
  • Deciduous Fruit Improvement And Protection From Disease Pests
  • Producing and Delivering Stone Fruits with High Consumer Acceptance
  • Verticillium wilt in tree species

Suppliers and Buyers

  • Frash World International LLC
  • Fresh Fruits Company
  • Grupo Nuevos Mercados
  • Rup International
  • Stargrow Nursery
  • Peach Buyers List
  • Cherry Buyers List
  • Apple Buyers List


  • Growing Minor Stone Fruit in Montana
  • Fresh Market Stone Fruits
  • Tree Fruit Production Guide
  • Orchard Spray Guide
  • Tree Fruit & Berry Pathology

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