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Project at a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • Citrus Pulp is the dried residue of peel, pulp and seeds of oranges, grapefruit and other citrus fruit. As with most feeds, citrus pulp is dried to a moisture content of approximately 10%.
  • The Citrus Pulp consumed in Brazil is used mainly to make baits for ant killer, with excellent results to combat the sauba ant. The citrus pulp is traditionally a great choice for animal nutrition with excellent tasteful and digestibility, mainly to ruminants, and for this characteristics is one of the main components (till 30%) to formulate the animal food rations (mainly cattle - for milk and slaughter) in Europe and United States.
  • Citrus pulp should be limited to 50% or less of the total daily intake. It is high in calcium and low in protein and phosphorus. Additional protein and phosphorus need to be added to the diet when higher levels are fed.
  • Citrus pulp pellets are used as a filler in beef or milk cattle feed . Its use should not exceed 30% of dry matter for each adult cow. As citrus pulp pellets absorb humidity it is vital that this feedstuff is kept in dry and ventilated storage facilities for no more than 60 days in order to avoid fermentation or mold.
  • Citrus by-product technology was driven by the concurrent need for disposing of processing waste as  well as obtaining all possible value from the fruit.
  • The majority of the solid waste product from processing plants is the citrus fruit peel and the membranes from inside the fruit. This material amounts to about 40 to 50% of the entire mass of the incoming fruit, and is the material from which cattle feed is produced. The use of citrus residue for dried citrus pulp pellets (CPP) for cattle feed has been utilized since the 1920s, when nutritional studies with livestock were performed with grapefruit residue at
    the University of Florida.
  • Citrus (mainly oranges) is the most produced fruit in the world, with 22,5% of all fruits produced in Brazil. It is the major orange producer. the production was about 22,744 million tons, representing 34,4% of the world production, followed by the United States, with 11,896 million tons (18,0%). Almost 72% of its oranges are crushed on to juice. It is also the world’s largest producer (47% of total production) and exporter of FCOJ (Frozen Concentrated Orange Juice), with 83% of total exports.
  • Dried citrus pulp is available from the citrus industry and approximately 600,000 ton are produced annually in Florida. About 90 percent is pelleted and approximately 70 percent of total production is marketed outside the United States. Other countries also produce high levels of citrus pulp as well.
General Information
  • Citrus Pulp Pellets
  • Citrus Pellets
  • Citrus Pulp
  • Feeding Citrus Pulp to Beef Cattle
  • The Vitamin A Content of Dried Citrus Pulp


  • Carrs Billington range of Feed products
  • Diaque
  • Commodities Brasil
  • Citrus Pulp

Projects and Consultants

  • Fuel Ethanol Production from Citrus Waste Biomass
  • Effect of Feeding Mixed Forage Diets on Milk Production
  • ICARDA's Research Portfolio
  • Report of the Research Project
  • Local Feed Resources for Animal Feeding
  • Consultant from Belgium
  • Consultant from Nevada


  • Major By-Products of the Florida Citrus Processing Industry
  • Processed citrus products
  • Citrus pellets
  • Fermentative and Microbiological Profile of Marandu - Grass Ensiled with Citrus Pulp Pellets
  • Citrus by-products for animal feed
  • Orange By-products
  • Orange Processing
  • Processing
  • Orange Processing Industry
  • Energy Self-sufficiency: Using Citrus Peel as Fuel
  • Producing Pectin Peel


  • Apparatus for Extracting Pulp from Citrus Fruits
  • Citrus Fruit Pulp Cutter
  • System and Method for Removing Defects from Citrus Pulp
  • Method for Producing Dried Citrus Pulp
  • Citrus Products Incorporating pulp Processing
  • Citrus Pulp Litter for Pet Animals
  • Method for Separating and Taking Out Pulp from Citrus Fruit
  • Citrus peel processing system
  • Method for Peeling Citrus Fruit
  • Debittered Citrus Pulp and processing
Processing Companies
  • Company from Florida
  • Company from Brazil
  • Company from Georgia
  • Company from Bailieboro
  • Another Company from Brazil
  • Company from Zeeland


  • Effects of carbohydrates from citrus pulp and hominy feed on microbial fermentation in continuous culture
  • Use of commodity ingredients for dairy cattle
  • Effect of Physical Form and Amount of Citrus Pulp on Utilization of Complete Feeds for Dairy Cattle
  • Effect of Beet Pulp and Citrus Pulp On Rumination Activity
  • The Energy Value for and Influence of citrus Pulp in Finishing diet for Swine
  • Feed Supplements come in Several Different Forms
  • Effect of Bran and Citrus Pulp
  • Effects of Citrus Pulp in High Urea Rations for Steers
  • Use of Agro-Industrial by-Products As Animal Feeds in Korea


  • Brazilian Citrus Production
  • Citrus Fruits
  • The Orange Network in Brazil
  • Market Report
  • Feed Markets
  • Report


  • Using By-Product Feeds in Beef Supplementation Programs
  • Sanitary and phytosanitary issues and the SPS Agreement
  • A Health Professional
    Consensus View
  • EU Seeks Tests on Brazil Citrus Pulp, Imports Due
  • European Science Foundation Workshop on Dioxin Food Contamination Bayreuth
  • Brazilian Authorities point To Solvay As Source Of Dioxin Contamination
  • Regulatory Impact Assessment
  • Short report of the meeting of the standing committee for animal nutrition
  • Feed Ingredient Markets


  • Citrus Pulp Suppliers
  • Exporter
  • Directory

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Primary Information Services
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