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Project at a Glance Contents on the CD ROM
  • 1,4-Butanediol colorless viscous liquid is derived from butane by placement of alcohol groups at each end of the chain. It is one of four stable isomers of butanediol.
  • 1,4-Butanediol is used industrially as a solvent and in the manufacture of some types of plastics, elastic fibers and polyurethanes.
  • 1,4-butanediol is used for the synthesis of γ-butyrolactone (GBL).
  • At about 200 C in the presence of soluble rutheniumcatalysts, the diol undergoes dehydrogenation to form butyrolactone.
  • World production of 1,4-butanediol is about one million metric tons per year and market price is about 2,000 USD (1,600 EUR) per ton (2005). Almost half of it is dehydrated to tetrahydrofuranto make fibers such as Spandex.The largest producer is BASF.
  • It is also used as a recreational drug known by some users as "One Comma Four", "One Four Bee" or "One Four B-D-O". It exerts effects similar to γ-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), which is a metabolic product of 1,4-butanediol.
  • They Are Used In The Application Of Adhesives
    Agricultural, Coatings, Pharmaceuticals, Plasticizers
  • They Are Used In The Manufacture Of Polyurethanes,
  • The main applications for butanediol are the production of cellular plastics, thermoplastic polyesters And hot-melt adhesives.
  • In the textile industry, 1,4-butanediol is an additive in sizes and finishing baths. Similar to glycerol, it acts as a plasticizer for water-soluble binders. Plasticized products are less tacky in a humid atmosphere than those treated with glycerol because 1,4-butanediol is not as hygroscopic.
  • 1,4-Butanediol is a colorless and almost odorless liquid. This hygroscopic diol is soluble in water, alcohols, esters, ketones, glycol ethers and glycol ether acetates; immiscible in aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons and diethylether.
  • 1,4-Butanediol is not a skin irritant, but may be irritating to mucous membranes or the respiratory tract.
  • Vapors may irritate the eyes. If severe, iritis, conjunctivitis or diffuse corneal opacity may result. Proper respiratory
    and protective eyewear are recommended
  • Butanediol is the ethynylation product of acetylene and formaldehyde; a bifunctional, primary alcohol.
General Information
  • Introduction Of Biobutanediol
  • Chemical Book For Biobutanediol
  • Is Bio-Butanediol Here To Stay?


  • Data Sheet Index
  • Product Data Sheet
  • Product Information


  • Msds For 1,4-Butanediol
  • Msds For 1,4-Dithioerythritol
  • Msds For 1.4-Butanediol
  • Msds For DTT (Dithiothreitol)
  • Msds For ERISYS* GE-21
  • Msds For Fino Resin PR Modelling plastics


  • Separation Of Mixture Of Polyhydric Alcohols
  • Production Of 1,4 Butanediol In A Microorganism
  • Production Of Butanediol By Anaerobic Microbial Fermentation
  • Process For Obtaining Butanediols
  • Synthesis Of Mixtures Of Butanediols
  • Process For The Production Of Butanediol

Company Profiles

  • Company From China
  • Company From Quincy
  • Company From Saudi Arabia
  • Company From USA
  • Company From Shanghai,China
  • Company From Hong Kong


  • Manufacturers Of Butanediol
  • Suppliers Of Butanediol
  • Butanediol Suppliers
  • Suppliers Of 1,2-Butanediol
  • Importers Of Butanediol
  • Manufacturers Of Butanediol


  • Fermentation of Xylan, Corn Fiber,or Sugars to Acetoin
    and Butanediol by Bacillus polymyxa Strains
  • Biodegradable products by lipase biocatalysis
  • Bulk chemicals from biomass
  • Study of Monomeric 2,3-Butanediols by Matrix-Isolation Infrared Spectroscopy and DFT
  • Recent Developments in Bio-Energy Recovery Through Fermentation
  • Sustainable production of industrial chemicals
    from sugars


  • Technology From Quincy,MA



  • 2,3-Butanediol
  • 2,3-Butanediol Synthesis and the Emergence of the Vibrio cholerae El Tor Biotype
  • Effect of Dietary 1,3-Butanediol on in vitro Fatty Acid Synthesis and Malic Enzyme Activity in
    Rat Liver and Adipose Tissue
  • Effect of 1,3-Butcmediol on Hepatic Fatty Acid Synthesis and Metabolite Levels in the Rat
  • Perspective of downstream processing of biologically produced 1,3-propanediol and 2,3-butanediol


  • Hazard Assessments
  • Hazardous Materials
  • Hazardous Substances
  • Health Hazards
  • Risk Assessment

Turnkey Service providers

  • Turnkey Service Providers From Pasternik Street
  • Turnkey Service Providers From San Franscisco


  • 2R,3R-Butanediol, a Bacterial Volatile Produced by Pseudomonas chlororaphis O6
  • Biotechnological production of 1,3-propanediol from crude glycerol
  • Metabolic engineering of Escherichia coli for production of 1,4-butanediol
  • Deletion of lactate dehydrogenase in Enterobacter aerogenes to enhance 2,3-butanediol production
  • Production of 2,3-butanediol from acid hydrolysates of Jatropha hulls
  • Microbial production of 2,3-butanediol by a mutagenized strain of Serratia marcescens H30
  • Production of 2,3-butanediol, ethanol and hydrogen with a Klebsiella sp. strain isolated from sewage sludge


  • 1,4-Butanediol
  • Biofilm reactors for industrial bioconversion processes
  • Butanediol THF
  • Hemicellulose bioconversion
  • Development of Biosurfactant-mediated oil recovery in Model
    Porous Systems and Computer Simulations
  • Aqueous two-phase extraction of 2,3-butanediol from fermentation broths by isopropanol/ammonium
    sulfate system

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