Propylene oxide                                                                   
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  • Propylene oxide is a volatile, clear, colorless, extremely flammable liquid with an ether-like odor.
  • Propylene oxide is a highly toxic flammable chemical compound. It is an epoxide having a molecular formula C3H6O.
  • Propylene oxide is obtained through propylene hydro chlorination. It is soluble in water and miscible with acetone, benzene, carbon tetrachloride, diethyl ether, and ethanol.
  • Propylene oxide (PPO) is a liquid fumigant under normal temperature pressure (NTP) with a low boiling point (35°C) and a noticeable ether odour.
  • Propylene Oxide is produced via the established chlorohydrin process, in which propylene and chlorine react in the presence of water to form the intermediate propylene chlorohydrin.
  • The hydroperoxide process is another costly method for producing propylene oxide (PO). This process uses ethylbenzene with oxygen to produce an organic-hydroperoxide.
  • The hydroperoxide is used to oxidize propylene to PO, which is then purified. This process results in a large quantity of by-product, phenylmethylcarbinol, which is dehydrated to styrene, another useful chemical.
  • At present there are two major industrial processes used for the synthesis of propylene oxide: The chlorohydrin and peroxide processes.
  • The new propylene oxide cumene process is considered as one of the Green Processes since it gives higher yields then the conventional processes with only small amont of by products produced.
  • In previous year, about half of the world production was through chlorohydrin technology, one third from PO/SM technology, and the other from PO/TBA technology. The above technologies create additional side products.
  • Propylene oxide is also used in the production of propylene glycol, polypropylene glycol, propylene glycols ethers and propylene carbonate.
  • Its major industrial application is as a monomer for the production of polyether polyols for use in making polyurethane plastics.
  • Propylene oxide may be used in fumigation chambers for the sterilization of packaged foods and as a pesticide.
  • Propylene oxide is a key raw material for various kinds of products such as polypropylene glycol, propylene glycol, and surfactants, which have a broad range of applications including polyurethane foams, elastomers, paints, adhesives, and unsaturated polyesters.
  • Propylene oxide is used primarily as a building block for the manufacture of a versatile range of derivative products.
  • Propylene oxide (Po) is normally used in the gaseous form to prevent microbial spoilage in food products.
  • Propylene oxide (PPO) is a registered fumigant in the US for reduction of bacteria, yeasts, and mold on raw nut meats, etc., and PPO fumigation has been used by the nut industry for insect and microbial control for decades.
  • The total production capacity of propylene oxide in Japan is approximately 350 thousand tons at present, including the 170 thousand tons of Nihon Oxirane.
  • There are a number of known technologies to produce propylene oxide but Shell chemicals companies and their joint ventures employ the Shell proprietary SM/PO technology.
  • During the past 10 years, propylene oxide grew at a nearly 4 percent annual rate. Propylene oxides's growth should moderate to about 3 percent in the present decade because most of its applications are maturing.
  • Commercial production is from propylene and chlorine in a chlorohydrin process, or from peroxidation of propylene and another petrochemical reactant that results in PO plus an additional co-product.
  • Propylene oxide is a major industrial product with production of more than 6 million tons per year world wide. Approximately 70% of it is used as polypropylene glycol in the raw materials for urethane, and the remainder is used as propylene glycol in the raw materials for unsaturated polyesters, food product additives and cosmetics.
General
  • About propylene oxide
  • Information about propylene oxide

Process

  • Propylene Oxide Polymerization Using Strapped Salph Co(III) Catalysts
  • Using Catalysts to Directly Oxidize Propylene to Propylene Oxide
  • An Intense Green Propylene Oxide Process that Operates Under Mild
    Conditions
  • Propylene Oxide
  • Development of new propylene oxide process
  • Ring-Opening Polymerizations of Propylene Oxide by Double Metal Cyanide Catalysts Prepared with ZnX2
  • Propylene oxide production
  • Quantum chemical study on anionic polymerization mechanism of propylene oxide
  • Development of membrane reactor for epoxidation of propylene to propylene oxide in a single step process

Patent

  • Propylene oxide purification and recovery
  • Process for producing propylene oxide
  • Propylene oxide production
  • Propylene oxide purification
  • Use of propylene oxide as an acid scavenger in peptide synthesis
  • Propylene oxide process
  • Process for the preparation of styrene and propylene oxide
  • Integrated method for synthesis propylene oxide
  • Process for direct oxidation of propylene to propylene oxide and large particle size titanium silicalite catalysts for use therein

Material Safety Data Sheet

  • Propylene Oxide
  • Material safety data sheet for propylene oxide
  • Propylene oxide safety data sheet
  • Safety data for propylene oxide
  • MSDS on propylene oxide
  • Propylene oxide material safety data sheet
  • Propylene Oxide msds details
  • Information on material safety data sheet for propylene oxide

Company Profiles & Plant

  • Company from Mexico
  • Company from UK
  • Company from USA
  • Company from Maryland
  • Company from Mumbai
  • Plant from Germany
  • Plant from Texas
  • Plant from UK

Consultants & Project

  • Consultant from California
  • Another consultant from California
  • Consultant from Minnesota
  • Consultant from UK
  • Consultant from Washington
  • Oxidative Reactions with Nonaqueous Enzymes

Functions & Properties

  • Note on tile action of ammonia on propylene oxide
  • DNA adducts of propylene oxide and acrylonitrile epoxide: hydrolytic deamination of 3-alkyl-dcyd to 3-alkyl-durd
  • Effects of inhalation exposure to propylene oxide on respiratory tract, reproduction and development in rats
  • Structure and Dynamics of Propylene Oxide and Trimethylene Oxide Clathrate Hydrates
  • Evaluation of a novel propylene oxide–treated collagen material as a dural substitute
  • The chemical modification of giant lpil-lpil wood with propylene oxide, its properties and decay resistance
  • Mutagenic activity of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide under XPG proficient and deficient conditions in relation to N-7-(2-hydroxyalkyl)guanine levels in Drosophila

Technology

  • Technology Innovation & Sustainability
  • PERP Program- Hydrogen peroxide-Based propylene oxide
  • Selective Oxidation of Propylene to Propylene Oxide Using Combinatorial Methodologies
  • Determination of Propylene Oxide in Polymers
Turnkey
  • Turnkey from Germany
  • Turnkey from India
  • Turnkey from Mumbai

Applications

  • Propylene Oxide as Sterilizing Agent
  • On condensation products of propylene oxide and of glycidol
  • Production of propylene oxide from propylene glycol
  • Propylene Oxide as a Potential Quarantine Fumigant for Insect Disinfestation of Nuts
  • Propylene oxide: a fumigant for quarantine purposes as a potential alternative to methyl bromide
  • Synthesis of propylene carbonate from carbon dioxide and propylene oxide using ionic liquids
  • Almond Pasteurization Using Propylene Oxide (PPO) Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)
  • Plastics technology

Product

  • Propylene Oxide technical grade
  • Propylene oxide
  • (±)-Propylene oxide ReagentPlus®, ≥99%
  • Propylene oxide technical sheet

Market

  • Propylene oxide
  • Propylene oxide production capacity
  • Production of propylene oxide from hydrogen peroxide

Report

  • Propylene oxide
  • Methyloxirane (propylene oxide)
  • Sumitomo Chemical to Commercialize Its Novel Propylene Oxide Manufacturing Process
  • Cycloaddition between propylene oxide and CO2 over metal oxide supported KI
  • Cycloaddition of carbon dioxide to propylene oxide catalyzed by ionic liquids
  • The Use of Wet Oxidation and PACT® for the Treatment of Propylene
    Oxide/Styrene Monomer (PO/SM) Industrial Wastewaters at the Repsol
    PO/SM Plant in Tarragona, Spain
  • PERP program - new report alert
  • Propylene oxide Product Stewardship Summary

Safety & Hazards

  • Propylene Oxide
  • Propylene oxide safety information
  • Bulk storage of propylene oxide
  • Hazard summary of propylene oxide
  • International programme on chemical safety on propylene oxide

Toxicity

  • Human health effects of propylene oxide
  • In uence of Temperature on Toxicity of Propylene Oxide at Low Pressure Against Tribolium castaneum
  • Propylene Oxide Chemical Backgrounder
  • Propylene oxide
  • Chronic toxicity summary propylene oxide

Raw Material Suppliers

  • Chlorine suppliers
  • Selling leads of chlorine
  • Hydrogen Peroxide suppliers
  • Hydrogen peroxide exporters
  • Selling leads of hydrogen peroxide
  • Propylene suppliers
  • Propylene exporters

Equipment Suppliers

  • Air Sampling Pump suppliers
  • The AirChek 2000 suppliers
  • Propylene oxide
  • Supplier of Air flow calibrators
  • Pocket pump series
  • Sorbent Tube Sampling Works
  • Aircheck XR5000

Suppliers

  • Suppliers of propylene oxide
  • Selling leads of propylene oxide
  • Exporters of propylene oxide

Guides

  • Guidelines for Validation of Propylene Oxide Treatment for In-shell Almonds
  • Guidelines for the distribution of
    Propylene Oxide
  • Occupational health guideline for propylene oxide

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