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  • The sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is a common and widespread roadside weed. It is common in open sites in many different habitats throughout North America, southern Canada, and Mexico at elevations below 1900 m.
  • Sunflower can be planted at a wide range of dates, as most cultivars are earlier in maturity than the length of growing season in most areas. In areas of the world with no winters, sunflower has been planted at any month of the year to obtain satisfactory yields.
  • The sunflower is a native domesticated crop. During the last 3,000 years, Indians increased the seed size approximately 1,000 percent. They gradually changed the genetic composition of the plant by repeatedly selecting the largest seeds. 
  • Producing sunflower seeds involves the basic process of growing and harvesting the plants, separating the seeds, roasting them and then packaging.
  • The meal is a very valuable animal feed. and hulls can be used as a roughage.  Seeds are also consumed as nuts with the non-oil varieties for human food and feeding birds.
  • Sunflowers can also be used as a silage crop and can be double cropped in areas with small grains or vegetables and where the season is too short to produce mature corn for silage.
  • There are several techniques for removing oil from oilseeds, including the wet process, the dry process, and solvent extractions.
  • They are used in Industries like Agricultural, Medicinal, Horticultural . Sunflower stalks have been used as fuel, fodder for livestock, food for poultry, and ensilage. It is also used as edible oil, Meal, Non oil seed, forage.
  • Sunflower is a seed crop grown on 398,000 acres with an average 278,000 tons of production. About 42,000 tons of oil is extracted from the seeds annually for edible purpose.
  • Three of the bigger sunflower birdseed buyers are Pennington Seed in southwest Missouri (phone 417-637-5979), Buchheit Corp. in southeast Missouri (phone 573-547-4569) and Keller and Sons near northeast Missouri (Quincy, IL, phone 217-228-6700). 
  • In recent years, the production of sunflowers for cooking oil, confectionary (e.g., food), and birdseed has increased throughout the United States.
  • The three largest exporters of sunflowers are Russia (25 percent of world exports), European Union (24 percent) and Ukraine (24 percent).
  • The economics of growing sunflowers for birdseed are fairly similar to growing soybeans. Seed cost on sunflowers is about $15 per acre and weed control costs should be similar to soybeans .
  • Past production studies have shown average yields of around 2000 pounds per acre for full season sunflower, and 1500 pounds per acre for double crop sunflower. Yield potential for both types of production is as much as 25-35% higher than these averages, when soils and rainfall are not limiting.
General Information

Growth And Cultivation

Extraction And Processing


Company Profiles

Plant Details

Equipment Suppliers

Manufacturers And Suppliers


Patent And Technology

Application And Uses


Project And Investment

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