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  • The Almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus, or Amygdalus communis) is a small deciduous tree belonging to the subfamily Prunoideae of the family Rosaceae; an almond is also the fruit of this tree. The plant is classified with the peach in the subgenus Amygdalus within Prunus, distinguished from the other subgenera by the corrugated seed shell.
  • Almonds are members of the Rosaceae (rose) family, along with many other tree fruits such as peaches, apples, pears, plums, cherries, and apricots. Within the genus Prunus, almond is most closely related to the peach, and the two crops share the subgenus Amygdalus.
  • Almond flowers are nearly identical to peach and other Prunus flowers in structure, but light pink or white in color, and fragrant. Flowers have 5 petals and sepals, and many elongated stamens; the ovary is perigynous.
  • The wild form of domesticated almond grows in the Mediterranean region in parts of the Levant. Almonds must first have been taken into cultivation in this region. Before cultivation and domestication occurred, wild almonds were harvested as food and doubtless were processed by leaching or roasting to remove their toxicity.
  • As late as the early 20th century the oil was used internally in medicine, with the stipulation that it must not be adulterated with that of the bitter almond; it remains fairly popular in alternative medicine, particularly as a carrier oil in aromatherapy, but has fallen out of prescription among doctors.
  • Almonds can be processed into a milk substitute simply called almond milk; the nut's soft texture, mild flavour, and light colouring (when skinned) make for an efficient analog to dairy, and a soy-free choice, for lactose intolerant persons, vegans, and so on.
  • Almonds have long been an integral part of India’s cultural heritage, especially during festive periods and weddings. Traditionally, Indian parents feed their children almonds, believing that almond consumption promotes mental acuity. Indian consumers also commonly believe that almonds must be peeled and/or soaked prior to consumption, and often avoid eating almonds during the summer due to the belief that almonds heat up the body.
  • Global production of almonds is around 1.5 million tonnes, with a low of 1 million tonnes in 1995 and a peak of 1.85 million tonnes in 2002 according to Food and Agriculture Organization. Major producers include Greece, Iran, Italy, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Turkey, and the world's largest producer, the United States.
  • In Spain, numerous commercial cultivars of sweet almond are produced, most notably the Jordan almond (imported from Málaga) and the Valencia almond. In the United States, production is concentrated in California, with almonds being California's sixth leading agricultural product and its top agricultural export. California exported almonds valued at 1.08 billion dollars in 2003, about 70% of total California almond crop.
  • The EU accounts for about 31% of world total production. Spain is the main EU almond producer with 61.1% of EU almond production18. Italy is the second main European producer with 23.3%19 followed by Greece (12%) and Portugal (6.7%).
  • Asian markets represent significant marketing opportunities and growth potential for the promotion of almonds.China (including Hong Kong) is the tenth largest export market for California almonds and among the most promising in terms of long-term growth potential. India is the fourth largest export market for California almonds.
General Introduction
  • Almond Facts
  • Technical Information
  • Almond
  • Almonds FAQ
  • Prunus dulcis
  • Crop data
  • Almond Tree

Growth and Cultivation

  • Using Regulated Deficit Irrigation to Increase Almond Production and Water Productivity
  • Almond Cultivation
  • Almond Tree Planting
  • Can almond trees directly dictate their irrigation needs?
  • Recent advances in breeding for autogamy in almond
  • Fungicide Impacts on Almond Pollen Germination and Tube Elongation Through Pistils
  • An investigation on the bud take and shoot growth of different almond varieties at Harran Plain in nursery
  • Differential growth of almond pollen tubes in three environments
  • Almond growing in Bursa vicinity
  • Harvest Preparation For Almonds
  • Almond Tree Pruning


  • Almond Oil, Almond Incense
  • Almond Oil
  • Almond Products
  • Almond Paste
  • Terminalia catapa - Products
  • Food Products


  • Analysis of Nut Sector
  • Market Report
  • A Passage to the Indian Market Could Start With Horticultural Products
  • Almond imports to rise on low global prices
  • Market Prospects
  • Global Marketing
  • Future Outlook


  • Almonds Production
  • U.S. Almond Industry
  • Almond Industry Position Report
  • Economic advantages of high-density planting of almond orchards
  • World Almond Situation & Outlook
  • Almond production

Projects and Investment Required

  • Research Project
  • Profitability of drip irrigation investment in almond plantations in south-east Anatolia
  • Timbercorp increases stake in jointly owned almond business from 75% to 87.5%
  • Sample Cost for Establishing an Orchard and Produce Almonds
  • RFM Almond Fund
  • 2006 AIL Almond Orchard Project
  • Abbott PA--Ea Project Description
  • Production of Almond Beverages
  • Almond Project


  • Determination of Interrelationships Among Important Nut Quality Characteristics on Palaz and Sivri Hazelnut Cultivars by Path Analysis
  • Almond workers’ voices travel far
  • Food Processing
  • New $4m plant is just nuts
  • Nut processor plans new almond operation
  • Grades
  • Product Ruling
  • California almond harvest begins
  • Almond Releases Growth Planning Council's First Annual Report


  • Advisors
  • Specialist
  • Experts
  • Almond Experts
  • Almond Oil Experts
  • Guidelines for Almond Storage
  • Useful Links
  • Understanding and Maximizing Shelf Life of Almonds
  • Drug Information
  • UC Pest Management Guidelines
  • Water budgeting guidelines - almond


  • Almonds from Bloom to Market
  • Almond Processing
  • Extraction of Products from Almond Fruits
  • Dietary Fiber, Process for Preparing it , and Augmented Dietary Fiber From Almond Hulls
  • Almond Harvesting, Processing, and Microbial Flora
  • The Quick-Start Guide Introduction

Company Profiles and Plant Details

  • Blue Diamond
  • Central Valley Processing
  • Golden West Nuts, Inc
  • Mariani Nut Company
  • GMP and HACCP for Tree Nuts and Dried Fruit Processing Plants in Afghanistan
  • Hilltop Ranch, Inc.
  • Riverland Almonds


  • Apparatus and process for reducing microbial contamination of nuts
  • Irrigation Management for Almond Trees Under Drought Conditions
  • The Foundation for a Pest Management Strategic Plan in Almond Production
  • Effects of Deficit Irrigation on Hull Rot Disease of Almond Trees Caused by Monilinia fructicola and Rhizopus stolonifer
  • Almond growers rely on pest control advisers for integrated pest management

Suppliers and Buyers

  • Almond Handler and Trade Database
  • Handler List Export Contacts - China
  • Consumer Trade Source List
  • Handler List Export Contacts
  • Handler List Export Contacts - India
  • Handler List Export Contacts - Japan
  • Handler List Export Contacts - Russia
  • Suppliers
  • Almond Oil Manufacturers
  • Buyers List -1
  • Buyers List - 2
  • Buyers List - 3

Almond Products and Equipment Suppliers

  • Almond Kernels Manufacturers & Suppliers
  • Almond Cold Cream Manufacturers & Suppliers
  • Almond Product Suppliers
  • Almond Food Product Suppliers
  • Almond Oil Manufacturers
  • Decorticating Machine for Almond
  • Manufacturers & Exporters of oil expeller and oil expeller parts
  • Food Processing Machinery
  • Oilseed Processing for Small-Scale Producers


  • Almond Uses
  • Prunus dulcis edible uses
  • Prunus dulcis uses
  • Almond Medicinal Uses
  • Nutrition in Almond Nuts
  • Evaluation of a Washing Procedure in the Examination of Almonds for Escherichia coli
  • Potassium Boosts Almond Yields Via Irrigation
  • Health Benefits


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