Clay Bricks & Tiles
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  • A brick is a block of ceramic material used in masonry construction and sized to be layed with one hand using mortar. Bricks may be made from clay, shale, soft slate, calcium silicate, concrete, or shaped from quarried stone. Clay is the most common material, with modern clay bricks formed in one of three processes - soft mud, dry press, or wire cut.
  • The soft mud method is the most common, as it is the most economical. It starts with the raw clay preferably in a mix with 25-30% sand to reduce shrinkage. The clay is first ground and mixed with water to the desired consistency for forming in a mould. The clay is pressed into steel moulds with a hydraulic press. The shaped clay is then fired ("burned") at 900-1000C to achieve strength.
  • In Pakistan and India, brick making is still typically a manual process. The most common type of brick kiln in use there are Bull's Trench Kiln (BTK), based on a design developed by British engineer W. Bull in the late 1800s.
  • The fired colour of bricks is significantly influenced by the chemical and mineral content of raw materials, the firing temperature and the atmosphere in the kiln. For example pink coloured bricks are the result of a high iron content, white or yellow bricks have a higher lime content. Most bricks burn to various red hues, if the temperature is increased the colour moves through dark red, purple and then to brown or grey at around 1300C. Calcium silicate bricks have a wider range of shades and colours.
  • appearance of clay bricks.
  • A fully indigenous brick making machine has been developed which brings in semi mechanisation within the reach of a common brick manufacturer. Within the reach of a common brick manufacturer. With the use of this extrusion machine, a small scale unit can produce 2,500 wire cut bricks of 225* 112.5* 75 mm size in an hr. It can also produce other forms of clay units useful for flooring and roofing purpose. An automatic reel type cutter and a high draught brick kiln is used in conjunction with this machine.
  • Redmud improves the quality of bricks made from inferior soils deficient in clay content. Red mud compositions give bricks of pale brown, orange or golden yellowcolour depending upon composition of raw material and firing temperature. They have therefore good architectural value as facing bricks. The presence of 4-5 % of alkali in redmud provides a fluxing action resulting into good plasticity and a better bond in the bricks. These can be used for all types of construction.
  • Although the basic principles of manufacture are fairly uniform, individual manufacturing plants tailor their production to fit their particular raw materials and operation. Essentially, brick are produced by mixing ground clay with water, forming the clay into the desired shape, and drying and firing. In ancient times, all molding was performed by hand. The manufacturing process has six general phases: 1) mining and storage of raw materials, 2) preparing raw materials, 3) forming the brick, 4) drying, 5) firing and cooling and 6) de-hacking and storing finished products.
  • The demand for bricks is expected to be about 100 billion per year by the turn of the century. Even if only 50% of the estimated demand of 100 billion bricks per year, is met from fly ash for productive use saving alternate resources, and reducing environmental hazard to that extent. In addition, it would save thousands of hectares of land from being used as ponding area.
 General Information
  • Brick
  • Brick making History
  • Brickwork
  • Conditions needed for brick making
  • Bricks structure and general considerations on use Cases
  • Coloring objects built from bricks

About raw materials

  • Building materials, components and systems
  • Overview of raw materials for construction
  • Mission materials
  • Embodied energy computations in buildings
  • Recycled glass as a ceramic raw material
  • Mixing and provenance of raw materials in the bricks

Manufacturing process

  • Brick manufacture
  • Manufacturing process of clay bricks
  • ABCs of making Adobe bricks
  • Manufacture of DUP bricks
  • Manufacturing of bricks
  • Background and manufacturing steps of bricks
  • Manufacturing and selection of bricks
  • Glen-Gery brick manufacturing process
  • Steps for manufacturing bricks
  • Setting and drying of bricks
  • Sustainable clay brick production
  • Water-permeable paving brick production process

Company Profiles

  • The Belden Brick company
  • Boral Bricks Inc.
  • Capital group
  • Foress International
  • Gavin Historical Bricks
  • Ibstock Brick Limited
  • Monier Bricks
  • PGH Bricks &  Pavers
  • Yankee Hill Brick & Tile
  • Austral Bricks Pvt. Ltd.
  • EH Smith

Case studies and Projects

  • Medium size brick & tile plant in RWANDA
  • New clay preparation line for Nelissen brickworks
  • The FaL-G brick project in India
  • Compacting fly ash to make bricks
  • Improving Kiln Efficiency for the brick industry
  • Bowral bricks-Architectural projects
  • FaL-G brick and block: Micro industrial plants
  • Brick production from coal fly ashes
  • A low cost housing construction project
  • Tapestry brick production
  • Bricks technology projects

Material Safety Data Sheet

  • Brick
  • Concrete Masonry Blocks, pavers, retaining walls and roof tiles
  • Fire clay products
  • Manganese brick
  • Nelson fire brick
  • Platinum brick
  • Standard brick
  • Refractory insulating bricks for max. temperature of 900 C

Plants & Machinery

  • Brick making machinery suppliers
  • Clay Preparation Machinery
  • Clay Bricks, Tiles Machinery supplier
  • Italian Machinery
  • Human powered machine for the manufacture of  lime-fly ash-sand bricks
  • Machines for the production of cost-effective building components
  • General shale ultramodern brick plant
  • Model 46 brick press brick plant
  • Fly-ash brick manufacturing plant
  • Medora brick plant
  • Spanish mobile machines to produce bricks
  • Data Base of Machinery Suppliers
  • American Machinery
  • Adobe Building Systems, LLC
  • Michael Blacker
  • Naldehra Building Centre
  • Resume of Consultants


  • Brick
  • Bricks
  • Building brick
  • Illuminating brick
  • Masonry brick
  • Brick panel
  • Brick dehacker
  • Wooden brick
  • Ceramic brick
  • Production of bricks
  • Brick walls
  • Constructional brick
  • Red brick and method for manufacturing the same


  • VSBK- for cleaner brick production
  • Manufacturing commercial bricks with Illinois coal fly ash
  • High performance bricks from fly ash
  • Comprehensive monitoring of channel kiln and vertical shaft brick kiln
  • The use of polystyrene in lightweight brick production
  • Adaptation of vertical shaft brick kiln technology for Indian brick industry
  • Vertical shaft Brick Kiln Technology
  • Fly ash in buildings
  • Sustainable building technologies


  • Overview of brick making market
  • Energy efficiency for sustainable development of small industry clusters
  • Ceramitec 2006- Trade fair
  • Bricks evolve as form factors, Architectures and digital control technologies shift
  • Improving freezing and Thawing properties of fly ash bricks
  • Techno- market survey on fly ash bricks


  • Status and development issues of the brick industry in Asia
  • Living conditions of women in brick kilns industry of India
  • Fired bricks evaluation report
  • Clay brick manufacturing in Australia
  • Production of bricks made of 100% fly ash
  • Sustainable livelihoods from small-scale brick production
  • Accelerating information dissemination in small-scale brick kiln units through local support and local NGO's

Manufacturers, Suppliers , suppliers and Buyers

  • Selling leads of artificial bricks
  • Brick suppliers
  • Suppliers of bricks and pavers
  • Manufacturers of bricks
  • Brick manufacturers and suppliers
  • Solid bricks supplier
  • UK Brick suppliers
  • Vietnam suppliers of bricks
  • Low Cost Housing International
  • Poonam Industries
  • Bricks buyers list


  • Behaviour of brick masonry walls during earthquakes
  • Guide for brick selection
  • The Northwest Masonry guide for bricks
  • Improvement of resource efficiency and environmental performance

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