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Project at a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • Clay is a naturally occurring material composed primarily of fine-grained minerals, which show plasticity through a variable range of  water content, and which can be hardened when dried and/or fired.
  • Clay deposits are typically associated with very low energy depositional environments such as large lake and marine deposits.
  • Clays are distinguished from other fine-grained soils by various differences in composition.
  • The term clay refers to a number of earthy materials that are composed of minerals rich in alumina, silica and water.
  • Clays can also contain other materials such as iron oxide (rust), silica, and rock fragments.
  • Geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) represent a relatively new technology (developed in 1986) currently gaining acceptance as a barrier system in municipal solid waste landfill applications.
  • The technology of clays in the field of ceramics, therefor, includes consideration of both the room-temperature properties and the behavior at elevated temperatures.
  • Most domestic clay is mined by open-pit methods using various types of equipment, including draglines, power shovels, front-end loaders, backhoes, scraper-loaders, and shale planers.
  • Processing generally begins with primary crushing and stockpiling. The material then is ground and screened.
  • Clays usually are transported by truck from the mine to the processing plants, many of which are located at or near the mine.
  • Clays are used in the ceramics industries largely because of their contribution to the moulding and drying properties of the wares
    being produced; many clays, such as the flint clays, are used because of favorable behavior during firing or because they produce favorable properties in fired ware.
  • The major sources of imported clay were Brazil (kaolin), Greece (bentonite), Mexico (activated clay), and the United Kingdom (kaolin).
  • Major markets for exported clays, by descending order of tonnage, were Canada (bentonite and kaolin), Japan (bentonite and kaolin), Mexico (kaolin), Finland (kaolin), the Netherlands (bentonite and kaolin), China (kaolin), and Taiwan (kaolin)
  • China Clay
  • Clay as indicator of sediment plume movement in deep-sea environment
  • Clay
  • Clay Mineralogy
  • Clay - Info


  • Method of Making Bleaching Clay
  • Clay Processing
  • Clay Composition and their use in Paper Making
  • Clay Grease Manufacturing Process
  • Polybenzoxazine Nanocomposites of Clay and Method for Making Same
  • Processing Additives for Clay Production
  • Silane Treated Clay Production Method, Silane - Treated Clay and Composition Containing Same
  • Synthetic Clay for Ceramics and Process for Production thereof


  • Clay Technology in Ceramics
  • Control Technology
  • Geosynthetic Clay Liners Used in Municipal Solid Waste Landfills
  • Asset Pricing with a Putty-Clay Technology Thesis Proposal
  • Wetted clay does not make bricks - or plastics on its own

Clay Processing

  • Composts of Wood Industry Wastes for Clay Soil Conditioning.
  • Processing Clay the Easy Way
  • The History of Pottery & The making of Clay
  • Clay Processing
  • Production Process
  • Clay Processing - Report


  • Production in the year 2000
  • Production in the year 2001
  • Production in the year 2002
  • Production in the year 2003
  • Production in the year 2004
  • Production in the year 2005
  • Production in the year 2006


  • Medicine Hat Clay Industries
  • Clays and clay minerals in Africa
  • Novel Clay-Polymer Nanocomposites Using Diversity-Discovery Methods
  • Determination of the shape, size and size distribution of nano-filler particles
  • Clay Mineral and Zeolite Separation
Commodity Profiles
  • 2002 Profile
  • 2003 Profile
  • 2004 Profile
  • 2005 Profile
  • 2006 Profile
  • 2007 Profile
  • 2008 Profile


  • Clay  in an Esker
  • The domestic market for geosynthetic clay liners
  • Some Applications of Clay Mineralogy to Reservoir Description
  • Porcelain manufacturing an old craft
  • Clay for cleaner production of solvent
  • Uniaxial compressive stress–strain model for clay brick masonry
  • Materials used in the manufacture of Ceramics

Company Profiles

  • Company from California
  • Company from Indiana
  • Company from Kentucky
  • Company Profile
  • Consultant from India

Consultants, Machinery Providers and Turnkey Providers

  • Experts
  • Consultant from India
  • Turnkey Provider from Europe
  • Machinery Supplier from California
  • New Clay Production Line


  • Ashapura sets up new geosynthetic clay liners plant in Bhuj
  • Processing and Analyzing Advanced Hyperspectral Imagery Data for Identifying Clay Minerals
  • Clay mineralogical studies of sediments and strontium isotope analyses on calcretes at the prehistoric site of Attirampakkam
  • Clay processing plant coming up in city
  • Tropical dryland agroforestry on clay soils


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