Iron and Steel                            General, Process, Properties, Technology, Company Profiles, Consultants, Patent, Market, Reports                                             Primary Information Services                                                    
. Pig Iron . Iron Ore . Iron Ore Pellets . Iron Powder . Iron Oxide Pigments
Ordering Information. Contact

Project @ a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • Iron is a lustrous, silvery soft metal. It is one of the few ferromagnetic elements.
  • Iron and iron alloys are also the most common source of ferromagnetic materials in everyday use.
  • Iron is believed to be the sixth most abundant element in the universe, formed as the final act of nucleosynthesis by carbon burning in massive stars.
  • Steel is an alloy consisting mostly of iron, with a carbon content between 0.2 and 2.04% by weight, depending on grade.
  • The common ores of iron are both iron oxides, and these can be reduced to iron by heating them with carbon in the form of coke. Coke is produced by heating coal in the absence of air.
  • Steel is manufactured by the chemical reduction of iron ore, using an integrated steel manufacturing process or a direct reduction process.
  • In the conventional integrated steel manufacturing process, the iron from the blast furnace is converted to steel in a basic oxygen furnace (BOF).
  • Steel can also be made in an electric arc furnace (EAF) from scrap steel and, in some cases, from direct reduced iron.
  • BOF is typically used for high-tonnage production of carbon steels, while the EAF is used to produce carbon steels and low tonnage specialty steels. An emerging technology, direct steel manufacturing, produces steel directly from iron ore.
  • The smelting and refining process for iron and steel in the BF-BOF process involves the carbon reduction of iron ore (Fe2O3) in the BF to make molten iron, and decarburization of molten iron in the BOF to make molten steel.
  • In addition to the BF-BOF process, there is another process which utilizes mainly scrap as an iron source, with some direct reduced iron whenever necessary. The direct reduced iron is produced by reducing iron ore with reformed natural gas, whose principal components are hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and methane.
  • Advanced iron and steel technologies have seen substantial development over the past decade and are regularly incorporated into new designs and redesigns by all automakers.
  • The steel industry and component suppliers are investing heavily in innovation.
  • Lightweight steel techniques (among other technologies for lightweighting) have an ongoing potential to achieve multiple design objectives,
    including mass reduction for fuel economy improvement, safety improvements for both crashworthiness and compatibility, and other
    enhancements in vehicle performance and functionality.
  • India's ministry of mines has come out in support of iron ore producers who have criticised the ministry of finance's recent move to increase export duty on iron ore.
  • Iron ore production capacity and demand are expected to increase at high rates over the next couple of years, with a variety of factors likely
    to influence the demand/ supply balance, UNCTAD said.
  • Turkey is one of the major players in the international steel market. It was Europe’s fifth largest and the world’s 11th biggest steel producer
    with an estimated total production of 26 million tons, commanding 2 percent of global output.
  • HIsmelt is a direct iron making technology developed with the support of the Australian Government by a Rio Tinto led joint venture. HIsmelt steel is made by injecting iron ore fines and noncoking coal directly into a molten metal bath to create high quality pig iron.
  • The technology is potentially of great benefit to India as quality iron can be made using low priced, low quality metallurgical coal. HIsmelt uses much of the same equipment as a blast furnace so existing facilities can be easily upgraded.
  • Iron
  • Cast iron
  • Iron: the essentials
  • Steel


  • Blast Furnace Ironmaking Process Using Pre-reduced Iron Ore
  • The Catalan process for the direct production of malleable iron and its spread to Europe and the Americas
  • Converting Raw Materials to Steel Product Forms
  • Iron and Steel Manufacturing
  • Iron and Steel Production
  • Direct Iron Ore Smelting Reduction Process
  • Statistical Process control in iron ponder production and new product development
  • Extracting iron from iron ore using a Blast Furnace
  • Manufacturing process of Iron and Steel
  • Mining Procedures
  • Production process
  • Sponge Iron - Manufacturing Process
  • Bessemer process


  • Chemical Properties
  • The Influence of Grain Size on the Mechanical Properties of Steel
  • Mechanical Properties of Gray Iron
  • Mechanical properties of steel
  • Understanding Mechanical Properties of Novel High Strength Steel Weld Metals Through High-Resolution Microstructural Investigations
  • Microstructures and properties of low-alloy fire resistant steel
  • The Optical Properties of Nanophase Iron
  • Physical and mechanical
    properties of iron-aluminium-
    (Mn, Si) lightweight steels
  • Properties of Galvanized and Galvannealed Advanced, High-Strength Hot Rolled Steels
  • Synthesis, spectral characterization and redox properties of iron(II) complexes of 1-alkyl-2-(arylazo)imidazole

Company Profiles

  • Company in Jharkhand, INDIA
  • Company in Hyderabad, India
  • Company in Karnataka
  • Company in Minnesota
  • Company in India
  • Another Company in India
  • Company in Mumbai
  • Company in Brazil
  • Company in Kenya
  • Iron & steel plants and related companies


  • Iron manufacturing process
  • Sponge iron production process and plant
  • Welding iron, steel, and alloys of iron or steel
  • Method for joining ductile iron and steel
  • Steel with a composition of iron, carbon, silicon, phosphorus and molybdenum


  • Steel and Iron Technologies for Automotive Lightweighting
  • Cathodic Protection of Iron and Steel
  • Technology change in US iron and steel production
  • Emerging Trends in Iron- and Steel-making Technology and its Relevance to the Indian Steel Industry
  • Future Technologies for Energy- Efficient Iron and Steel Making
  • HIsmelt - The New Technology for Iron Production
  • Influence of Production Technologies on Steel Cleanness
  • ITmk3® Technology a Step Closer to Commercialisation
  • Production of Steel Products in Space Using ISRU Iron Sources and Carbonyl Metallurgy
  • Consultant in Austria
  • Consultant in India
  • Consultant in China
  • Alloy Steel Experts
  • Consultant in North america
  • Novel Direct Steel Making by Combining Microwave, Electric arc and Exothermal heating technologies
  • The OPTIDUST project: Optimised recycling of steel plant dusts
  • Magnetic Elutration Technology for Clean and Efficient Processing of Iron Ore
  • Social Cost Benefit Analysis of the POSCO Steel Project in Orissa
  • Optical Sensors and Controls for Improved basic oxygen furnace Operations
  • Recycling and Reuse of basic oxygen furnace /Basic oxygen process steel making Slags

Products and Applications
  • Iron and Steel Products
  • Fortress Iron Railing products
  • Iron filled carbon nanotubes for bio-applications
  • Iron Powder Core Selection For RF Power Applications
  • Ductile Iron pipe for Wastewater Applications
  • Iron Applications
  • Applications
  • Sponge Iron - Applications
  • Iron Applications for Turf

Material Safety Data Sheet

  • Carbon and Alloy Steels
  • Cast Iron
  • Galvanized Steel
  • Steel Shot and Steel Grit
  • Safety data for iron
  • Iron Metal  Technical Grade, Powder
  • MP Iron
  • Safety data for stainless steel

Commodity Reports

  • 2001 Commodity Report
  • 2002 Commodity Report
  • 2003 Commodity Report
  • 2004 Commodity Report
  • 2005 Commodity Report
  • 2006 Commodity Report
  • 2007 Commodity Report
  • 2008 Commodity Report
  • 2009 Commodity Report
  • 2010 Commodity Report
  • 2011 Commodity Report
  • 2012 Commodity Report

Production Report

  • 2001 Production Report
  • 2002 Production Report
  • 2003 Production Report
  • 2004 Production Report
  • 2005 Production Report
  • 2006 Production Report
  • 2007 Production Report
  • 2008 Production Report
  • 2009 Production Report
  • 2010 Production Report
  • Steel Drum Raw Material Cost Update
  • Increase in iron ore price weakens steel, redefines industry economics
  • The Steel Industry Globalization Trends
  • Recent Trends and Price-Cost Margins in Japan’s Iron and Steel Industry
  • Iron ore market likely to remain tight till 2011
  • Iron and Steel Market Trends
  • Annual Average Hot-Rolled Steel Bar Price
  • Iron and steel in India
  • Recent Steel Market Developments

  • Archaeometallurgy of Iron and Steel
  • An Initial view on Methodologies for Emission Baselines: Iron and Steel Case study
  • Prospects of Iron and Steel Production and Progress of Blast Furnace Route in China
  • The Steel World Meets in Linz
  • Energy Trends in Selected Manufacturing Sectors
  • Emissions Activity category form iron Production
  • Environmental Impacts of Iron Ore Mining
  • Impact of iron ore mining on suspended sediment response in a tropical catchment in Kudremukh
  • Iron, Steel and Aluminium in the UK
  • Corrosion Studies in Ultra-Steel Project at NIMS in Japan

Order the CD ROM Today

Primary Information Services
 21 Murugappan St, SwamyNagar Ext2, 
Ullagaram, Chennai - 600091, India.
 Phone: 91 44 22421080 
Email :
Mobile numbers:9940043898, 9444008898  Fax : 91 44 22423753