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Project at a Glance

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  • Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. The best-known type of silk is obtained from cocoons made by the larvae of the silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity (sericulture). The shimmering appearance for which silk is prized comes from the fibers' triangular prism-like structure which allows silk cloth to refract incoming light at different angles.
  • Silks are produced by several other insects, but only the silk of moth caterpillars has been used for textile manufacture. There has been some research into other silks, which have differences at the molecular level. Silks are mainly produced by the larvae of insects with complete metamorphosis, but also by some adult insects such as webspinners. Silk production is especially common in the Hymenoptera (bees, wasps, and ants), and is sometimes used in nest construction. Other types of arthropod produce silk, most notably various arachnids such as spiders (see spider silk).
  • In addition to clothing manufacture and other handicrafts, silk is also used for items like parachutes, bicycle tires, comforter filling and artillery gunpowder bags.
  • The annual production of silk in the world is estimated at 45,000 tonnes of which Japan and China contribute 18,936 and 13,200 tonnes respectively. South Korea, USSR and India are the other leading sericultural countries in the world. Among the developing countries, India enjoys a very favorable position for doubling the present status of of silk production of 2,969 tonnes owing to the low cost of Labour. Of the total production of 2,969 tonnes of silk in India, as much as 2,445 tonnes is produced by the mulberry silkworms, Bombyx mori.
  • The World Raw Silk production (mulberry and non-mulberry) about 125605 MT (2004) mainly from two countries, China and India. China leads the world with silk production of 102560 MT or 81.7% of the produce. India ranks second in respect of world raw silk production.
  • Indian Silk exports have grown during last few years, rising from Rs.1250.55 in the year 1998-99 to Rs.2421.98 crores in the year 2000-01. However, in the year 2001-02 and 2002-03 export of silk goods showed a declining trend ie Rs.2359.56 crores and Rs.2294.05 crores respectively. The export of silk goods during 2003-04 was Rs.2779.19 crores (US$ 604.7 million). The silk goods exports during 2005-06 was 3194.20 crores (US$ 721.53 million) showing an increase of 11 % over 2004-05 which was Rs.2879.56 crores (US$ 640.90 million).
  • The Indian production of raw silk is not adequate to meet domestic and export demand. It is estimated that against the demand of around 26,000 tons per annum, the domestic production is around 16,500 tonnes only. 
General Introduction
  • Silk Series
  • Silk Fabrics
  • History of Silk
  • Silk
  • Silk Types
  • Silk Discovery Secret


  • Low Voltage Electron Microscopy of Silk Fibers and Films
  • Comparison of Physical Properties of Three Silks
  • Silk-Elastin Polymers
  • Small angle X-ray scattering patterns in silk fibres
  • Properties of Silk

Silk Types

  • Thai Silk
  • Indian Silks
  • Muga Silk
  • Mulberry Cultivation
  • Bivoltine Cocoon Harvest
  • Silkworm Races
  • Tasar Silk


  • Biomass gasification for the silk industry
  • Silk Production
  • Living Technologies
  • Molecular Spider Silk Technology
  • Sericulture and Silk Production
  • Straight from the lab
  • Biologically-inspired Microfluidic Silk Spinning
  • Reeling and Re-Reeling Techniques


  • Corn Silk Gene and Regulatory Region
  • Felting Process Utilising Silk
  • Method for Producing Fibre and Film of Silk and Silk like Material
  • Methods and apparatus for spinning spider silk protein
  • Cosmetic material containing crystalline superfine silk powder
  • Process for Modifying Silk

Grades and Policy

  • Grades
  • The Silk Board
  • Department of Sericulture
  • Highlights of the National Textile Policy 2000
  • Transfer Policy

Company Profiles

  • Thai Silk
  • Eastern Silk Industries Limited
  • Haji Mohd
  • Pattu Fabrics
  • Sichuan Mingshan San Xu Cocoon Silk Co
  • Tongxiang Yihong Spun Silk Spinning Co.,Ltd
  • Jiangsu Fuan Cocoon & Silk Joint-stock Limited Company
Production and Processing
  • Film Formation and Structural Characterization of Silk of the Hornet
  • Silk formation mechanisms
  • Silk Reeling Operations
  • Economics of Tasar Silk
  • How Silk is Made
  • Silk Production
  • Raw Silk Manufacture
  • Brief Note on Sericulture
  • Silk Processing
  • Silk Production in the 17th Century
  • Silk Exploitation


  • Multiend Silk Reeling Units
  • Ningbo Zhenxing Mechanical & Electrical Equipment Factory
  • Hangzhou Textile Machinery Company Limited
  • Silk Spinning Line
  • Harada Co.,Ltd.
  • Screen Printing Equipment
  • Twister


  • Cocoon Market
  • Sericulture Industry and its Potential in India
  • Sericulture Industry
  • Silk Production in Australia
  • The Karnataka Silk Worm Seed , Cocoon and Silk Yarn Production
  • Overall Performance
  • Silk Market
  • General Agreement
  • The Worldwide Web of Silk
    Production, 1300-2000


  • Economics of Multi - end Reeling Unit
  • SIDF Projects
  • Temperate Oak Tasar Silk
  • Sericulture Industry
  • Revival of Sericulture/ Silk project
  • Silk Projects
  • Manipur Women Weavers Empower Project


  • CSB
  • Textile Fabric Consultants
  • Gajendra Kumar Tyagi 
  • Experts
  • Suryanarayana Murthy


  • Sericulture - Annual Report
  • Welfare of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled  Tribes and Women
  • Annual Report (2005-06) of Eastern Silk Industries Limited
  • Trend Forecast of International Market
  • Company Report


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Primary Information Services
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Ullagaram, Chennai - 600091, India.
 Phone: 91 44 22421080 
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