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Tricresyl phosphate .Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate . Glycerophosphate . Pyrophosphate .
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Information @ a Glance

Contents on the  Phosphates CD Rom

  • A phosphate, in inorganic chemistry, is a salt of phosphoric acid. In organic chemistry, a phosphate, or organophosphate, is an ester of phosphoric acid. Phosphates are important in biochemistry and biogeochemistry. The phosphate ion is a polyatomic ion with the empirical formula PO43- and a molar mass of 94.973 g/mol; it consists of one central phosphorus atom surrounded by four identical oxygen atoms in a tetrahedral arrangement.
  • Phosphates are the naturally occurring form of the element phosphorus, found in many phosphate minerals. Elemental phosphorus and phosphides are not found
  • Phosphate family includes Phosphoric Acids
    Sodium Phosphates
    Calcium Phosphates
    Ammonium Phosphates
    Potassium Phosphates
    Aluminum Phosphates
    Magnesium Phosphates
  • Phosphates were once commonly used in laundry detergent in the form trisodium phosphate , but because of algae boom-bust cycles tied to emission of phosphates into watersheds, phosphate detergent sale or usage is restricted in some areas.
  • Sodium orthophosphates have a wide variety of uses in conventional food processing, but is currently restricted to dairy products only for organic processing.
  • Sodium tripolyphosphate is used in “wet process” cements sold in powdered form to aid in their
    dispersion when mixing them with water to form a slurry.
  • Phosphate rock production rose 1.5 percent to 168 million tonnes in 2005. The largest producer was China, while the US, Morocco and Former Soviet Union countries also achieved significant volumes. Unlike potash, phosphate remains a tool for job creation and economic development in many regions.
  • While the US remains the world’s largest DAP producer, capacity has surged in recent years in many countries, including China and India. It is easy to produce, even with imported rock, and is popular because of its high nutrient content and excellent handling qualities.
  • Cheese phosphates were developed as emulsifying agents for processed cheese. Phosphates achieve longer shelf life for processed cheese than citrates and other emulsifiers.
    Dicalcium Phosphate Anhydrous and Dihydrate and Tricalcium Phosphate manufactured serve many purposes in food applications.
    The main application for food grade phosphoric acid is in the production of cola beverages. Other applications include production of bakers yeast, pet foods, cane sugar refining and for setting of jams and jellies.
  • Phosphate technologies have provided texture, mineral fortification, enhanced color and flavor to a wide variety of foods, including baked goods, beverages, cereals, meats, seafood, poultry and
    dairy products
  • When processing clay, manufacturers can benefit from
    the use of phosphates. They provide dispersant benefits and are effective deflocculants in kaolin mining.
  • Phosphoric acid, particularly high purity grade has long been used as a reliable and economical etchant in the manufacture of semiconductors
  • Drilling muds are an important component in oil, mineral and water well drilling. These muds have
    several functions including removal and dispersion of the cuttings, cooling of the bit, lubrication and support of the walls. A variety of phosphate salts aid in several of these critical processes.
  • A specialized application experiencing tremendous growth is
    electrolytic plating with copper pyrophosphate bath: this bath is used for the plating of electronic circuit
    boards. Phosphate products are an integral part of the chemical polishing of metal, commonly known as “bright dipping” which gives polished aluminum its mirror-like finish. Phosphates are also critical to the production of metal cleaners and are used to cleanse metal prior to treatment.
  • In the petroleum industry, a number of phosphate products are incorporated as peptizing and
    deflocculating agents in oil well drilling mud. Sodium acid pyrophosphate, sodium hexametaphosphate, and sodium tripolyphosphate help control drilling mud viscosity, keeping it low enough to facilitate pumping. In refining applications, polyphosphoric acid is an important catalyst in oligomerization, the process by
    which crude oil molecules are broken down to create products such as gasoline.
  • Phosphoric acid and phosphate salts are used in plastic and rubber manufacturing as additives
    to impart a variety of functions.
 General Information
  • Phosphate
  • Calcium dihydrogen phosphate
  • Tricalcium phosphate
  • Characteristics of Monocalcium phosphate
  • Sodium PolyPhosphates, Glassy
  • Characteristics of Disodium Phosphate Dihydrate
  • Discovery of Phosphate in Florida

Production and Processing

  • Production of Food Grade Phosphates and Pyrophosphates
  • Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate Processing
  • Processing of Thermally Sprayed Tricalcium Phosphate Coatings on Bioresorbable Polymer Implants
  • Sodium Phosphates Processing
  • Low temperature method for the production of calcium phosphate
  • Description of Sodium Phosphate Manufacturing Process
  • Production of feed phosphate
  • Production of Food Grade Yeasts
  • Phosphate Ore Extraction and Manufacturing Phosphate
  • Manufacturing Commercial Phosphate Fertilizer

Functions and Properties

  • Chemical Properties of Phosphate
  • Properties of Inorganic Phosphate Cement for construction and high-temperature applications
  • Properties of Phosphate Bound to Cerebral Microsomes during Adenosine-Triphosphatase Activity
  • Properties of Phosphate
  • Properties of the Phosphonomethyl Isosteres of Two Phosphate Ester Glycolytic Intermediates
  • Effects of salt and phosphate levels on the emulsion properties of fresh and frozen hen meats

Company Profiles

  • DC Chemical Co., Ltd.
  • Gallard-Schlesinger Industries
  • Innophos
  • Jordan Phosphate Mines Company
  • Rhodia
  • Sichuan Chenghong Phosph- Chemical Co., Ltd.
  • Solaris ChemTech Limited
  • Thai Polyphosphate & Chemicals Co., Ltd.
  • Lanka Phosphate Limited
  • Mosaic
  • Lianyungang Ruifeng Chemical Co.,Ltd.
  • SA Feed Phosphates (Pty) Ltd
  • Townley Engineering nad Manufacturing Co., Ltd
  • Triveni Chemicals


  • Andrew J. Schuler
  • Bramhani Consultants (P) Ltd
  • Brent Alan Blumenstein
  • Experts in Phosphate
  • Frank M. Raushel
  • George Barany
  • Jerry Barker Consultants 
  • Maria J. Harrison
  • S.S. Engineering Consultants (India) Pvt. Ltd
  • Sonya T. Dyhrman


  • Phosphates
  • Production of dicalcium phosphate or monocalcium phosphate
  • Process for phosphating metal
  • Phosphating Operation
  •  Phosphate Composition
  • Phosphate Binder With Reduced Pill Burden
  • Coated sodium phosphate bowel cleanser
  • Process of Phosphates
  • Production of Phosphates
  • Recovering of Phosphates from Phosphate ore


  • Food Phosphate Applications
  • Application of Phosphate and Phosphoric acid
  • Phosphate is Essential to Life and Bone Health
  • Application of Sodium Polyphosphate
  • Five Phosphate Applications
  • Uses of  Phosphate Fertilizers
  • Application of Tricalcium Phosphate
  • Application of Phosphate in Food and Beverages
  • Phosphates for Bakery Applications
  • Use of Phosphates in Meat Products


  • Phosphate Project
  • Rock Phosphate Project
  • Small-Scale Partial Acidulation of Phosphate Rock
  • Detergent Phosphate Project
  • Eppawela Phosphate Project
  • Fernie Phosphate Project
  • Martison Phosphate Project
  • Western U.S. Phosphate Project
  • Water Treatment Technologies
  • Phosphate Biotechnology
  • Feed Phosphate Technology Modernization
  • Fungal biotechnology
  • Improving Efficiency in Phosphate Production Through Selection of Best Available Technology
  • Jost Chemical Develops Technology for High-Purity Calcium Salts
  • Recent Advances in Synthetic Bone Grafts
  • Development of a fully injectable calcium phosphate cement for orthopedic and dental applications
  • Technologies for Utilisation of Low Grade Rock Phosphates as Fertilisers


  • Phosphate Fertilizer Plants
  • Albright & Wilson operational Plant
  • Aditya Birla Group
  • Fertilizer Manufacturing Plant
  • Hind Lever Chemicals Limited
  • Phosphate Fertilizer Industry

Material Safety Data Sheet

  • Safety data for monosodium phosphate
  • Granular Cleaner with Bleach
  • Phosphoric Acid
  • Buffer Solution
  • Chloroquine phosphate
  • Diammonium hydrogen phosphate
  • Dicalcium Phosphate
  • Iron Phosphate
  • Potassium Phosphate Monobasic
  • Sodium Phosphate
  • Safety data for triethyl phosphate

Manufacturers and Suppliers

  • List of Phosphate Suppliers
  • China Suppliers of Phosphate
  • Dicalcium Phosphate Suppliers
  • Disodium Phosphate Suppliers
  • Exporters of Phosphate
  • Sodium Hexa-Mata Phosphate Suppliers
  • Manufacturers of Iron Phosphate
  • Suppliers of Phosphate Esters
  • Exporters of Rock Phosphate
  • Suppliers of Trithylphosphate
  • Manufacturers of Trisodium Phosphate
  • Manufacturers of Urea Phosphate
  • Exporters of Yellow Phosphate
  • Yichang Municipal Pacific Chemicals Co.,Ltd
  • Suppliers of Zinc Phosphate


  • Phosphate Buyers List1
  • Calcium Phosphate Buyers List2
  • Trisodium Phosphate Buyers List3

Equipments Suppliers

  • Suppliers of Chemical Reactors
  • Exporters of Chemical Collectors
  • Manufacturers of Filters
  • Suppliers of Furnace
  •  Exporters of Scrubber


  • Demand for Industrial and Food Phosphates
  • Phosphate Fertilizer European Market
  • Sodium Hexametaphosphate From China
  • An Overview of the International Market
  • Trends in the Global Trade of Phosphate and Processed Phosphate Fertilizers
  • Marketing of phosphate fertiliser
  • International Conference of Phosphate in 2006
  • Ammonium Phosphate Market


  • Phosphates in detergents in the Czech Republic
  • Global Consumption Of Phosphates Will Grow By 3.6% A Year
  • Report on the Safety of Dicalcium Phosphate and  Tricalcium Phosphate from Bovine Bones
  • Camford Chemical Report
  • FMB Phosphates Report
  • ICL expands phosphate capacity across Atlantic
  • Solubilised proteins may offer phosphate-free meats
  • Phosphate Rock Report

 Safety and Guides

  • Health and Safety Guidelines for Phosphate Fertilizer Manufacturing
  • Environmental Protection Regulations of Phosphate
  • Guidelines for Phosphate Manufacturing
  • Guide for Phosphate
  • Working Safely with Organic Phosphate Insecticide
  • FAQ'S About Phosphate

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