Turbot Farming
Farms, Production, Consultancy, Suppliers, Study, Report, Market, Uses
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Project at a Glance Contents on the CD ROM
  • Turbot farming was first started in the UK in 1970s and was then further developed in France and Spain.
  • In fisheries industry, Land-based aquaculture is an increasing sector and turbot  (a large marine flatfish ) farming that has great potential under land based aquaculture.
  • Production of turbot in Iceland has been growing and it is therefore important to develop technology to lower the production costs.
  • An ideal species for farming in land based stations in Iceland, having many good characteristics as an aquaculture species and high stable market value.
  • The turbot is found mostly in European waters and
    these large flatfish easily change to the color of the sea floor.
  • Turbot breed from April until August, laying their eggs predominantly on gravel bottom at depths >10m. The eggs are planktonic and hatch after 7 - 9 days; following this the larval remain in the pelagic zone for 4 - 6 months.
  • After above stage, the larvae will be subject to surface water currents and with such a long planktonic they have the potential to travel long distances.
  • Broodstock tanks for turbot range from 4 to 10m3 in volume and typically stocked with fish at
    densities upto 10kg/m2.
  • Actually 3 closely flatfish species are available such as Atlantic turbot, black sea turbot and brill.
  • Turbot tends to feed and grow well at temperatures ranging from 12 to 18C and can reach a market size of 2kg in 24 months at sea.
  • The market opportunities shows that the wild turbot appeared to be less firm but also less sticky when compared to farmed turbot.


  • Turbot Distribution.
  • Turbot Farming.
  • Species guide of Turbot Farming.
  • Introduction to Turbot Cultivation.
  • How to catch Turbot.
  • Historical background of Turbot.

Turbot Farms

  • Farm from China.
  • Farm from Iceland.
  • Farm from Spain.
  • Farm from England.
  • Farm from UK.
  • Farm from Netherland.
  • Farm from Europe.
  • Farm from Norway.
  • Farm from New Zealand.


  • New farmed species-production technology for Turbot.
  • Turbot reared in marine recirculation aquaculture systems.
  • Stages in Turbot Aquaculture Farms.
  • Large scale handling of the larvae of the marine flatfish turbot.
  • Aquaculture in Europe.
  • Turbot culture in France and Spain.
  • Turbot Aquaculture Production.


  • Super Intensive Turbot Farming.
  • Stunner for Turbot.
  • Turbot Farm.

Equipment Suppliers

  • Supplier1 from Norway.
  • Supplier2 from Norway.


  • Consultancy from USA.
  • Consultancy from Netherlands.


  • List of Turbot Farms.
  • Supplier from Ireland.


  • A Potential Threat to farmed turbot.
  • Culture of Turbot.
  • Turbot Grow out in Europe.
  • Rearing of Larvae of black sea Turbot in turkey.
  • Rearing on growth physiology in Turbot.
  • Turbot Aquareovirus in turbot tissues.
  • Broodstock Rearing of Black Sea Turbot.
  • Species-specific welfare aspects of main systems of killing of farmed Turbot.
  • Feeding sounds of turbot.
  • Effect of temperature on growth rate & feed conversion ratio in turbot.


  • Use of genetic monitoring tools in turbot.
  • Turbot marketing examines aquaculture product development.
  • Observation of growing properties of Turbot.
  • Innovative report on Turbot Farming.
  • Improving productivity on turbot farms.
  • Asthma caused by Turbot allergy in 3 Fish-farm workers.


  • First Achill Farmed Turbot.
  • Turbot Farming gains momentum in Spain.


  • Turbot Farming falls buts its market value grows.
  • Turbot farm gears up for market launch.
  • Market Study of Farmed Turbot.

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